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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Bengt
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    I brytpunkten mellan invasions- och insatsförsvar: utmaningar och möjligheter vid Försvarsmaktens reformering2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten lyfter fram ett antal anomalier och utmaningar som Försvarsmakten hotas av vid övergången från ett invasions- till ett insatsförsvar. De nya krigen kännetecknas av utdragna konflikter med kombinationer av militära och andra maktmedel och processer där hotet att sätta in militära resurser är vanligare än faktisk väpnad strid. Detta skapar behov av lokalkunskap, förhandlingsskicklighet, socialpsykologisk kunskap och kännedom om gradvis konfliktlösning. Frågor om etik och legitimitet accentueras. Sammantaget är de krav på förmågor som ställs bredare än tidigare och omfattar allt från krishantering vid låga konfliktnivåer, till väpnad strid mot en avancerad motståndare, nationellt som internationellt. Vilka visioner och mål som skall prägla det svenska militära engagemanget utomlands, och vad svenska soldater och officerare ska uträtta är oklart. Med dagens neddragningar av försvaret kan det dock bli problematiskt för Sverige att leva upp till både sina åtaganden internationellt, och bilden av sig själva som en modern försvarsmakt. Så länge denna fråga är otillräckligt besvarad riskerar också personalförsörjningen till Försvarsmakten att förbli osäker, och i avsaknad av tydliga huvudmannakrav bestäms en stor del av utvecklingen av verkställarens tolkning av verkligheten. 

  • 2. Alvinius, A
    et al.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, G
    Structure versus freedom of action: Leadership during the rescue operation following the 2004 tsunami2010In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071, Vol. 7, no 3-4, p. 304-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical understanding of leadership during a complex rescue operation following a major disaster in a foreign country. The analysis followed a grounded theory approach. Seventeen informants from three Swedish authorities were interviewed on leadership in the emergency handling of the 2004 tsunami in Southeast Asia. A theoretical conceptualisation was developed which includes three superior categories: antecedent conditions, situational constraints and core aspects of leadership. Within the last-mentioned superior category a core variable was identified: a balance between the need for structure and the need for freedom. Leaders who strive to create structure at the expense of freedom of action are less inclined to delegate and more likely to wear themselves out. Conversely, those who strive to create great freedom of action bypass many links in the organisational chain, thus 'short-circuiting' the organisation as a whole.

  • 3.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Organisational and Individual Leadership Challenges During the Rescue Operation Following the 2004 Tsunami2012In: Tsunami: Analysis of a Hazard - From Physical Interpretation to Human Impact / [ed] Gloria I. Lopez, InTech, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolann.
    The Inadequacy of an Ordinary Organisation: Organisational Adaption to Crisis through Planned and Spontaneous Link2010In: International Journal of Organisational Behaviour, ISSN 1440-5377, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 87-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency response organisations face the challenge of having a bureaucratic structure and meeting extreme situations where predefined directives cannot cover all possible emerging contingencies. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the concept of links within the framework of emergency response agencies during severely demanding operations. The empirical data are based on fifty in-depth interviews from three crisis events. The results suggest that collaboration during crisis management is facilitated by two types of links—planned and spontaneous—and both can act vertically and horizontally. The results imply an elaboration of the organizational concept boundary spanners.

  • 5.
    Asproth, Viveca
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Borglund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ekker, Knut
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Holand, Svare Ivar
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Holmberg, Stig C
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems.
    Nygård, Ståle Andre
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Skevik, Trond Olav
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Sund, Torgrim
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag.
    Rapport från GSS: Gränsöverskridande samarbete för säkerhet2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The GSS project (Gaining SecuritySymbiosis) aimed at contributing towards increased security and quality of life for inhabitants and visitors of the border region of the middle part of Sweden and Norway. Within this goal the project also aimed at increasing the likelihood of saving livesand reducing threats to the environment and material assets. GSS focuses on providing the information and knowledge required in emergency and crisis situations. GSS emphasizes preparatory activities. The cross-border value added by the project has several dimensions: •It increases understanding, trust and cooperation between emergency personnel on both sides of the border.•Authorities with responsibility for security establish long-term institutional partnership with respect to security and crisis management.•The attractiveness of the border region increases due to enhanced securityand improved crisis management.•The mutual knowledge and understanding regarding the situation across the national border increases among project participantsThe project has implemented three yearly cycles of training consisting of building a scenario, training in handling a crisis situation and evaluation. The results from the evaluation have provided the foundation for the next year cycle. The project also developed a training system across these three cycles. The training system includes a scenario bank, training exercises and support, play-back function and an evaluation module including statistical functions. The evaluations from these training sessions are included in a separate appendix. The first training session was conducted as a table-top exercise at the Border Rescue Council meeting in 2011. The other two training sessions were designed in order to allow the participants to sit at their respective workplaces and communicating with the other participants partly through traditional communications channels and through the training system. The training sessions were then discussed in the subsequent Border Rescue Council meetings. By accessing the scenarios and exercises in the training system the participants from the various rescue teams took part in the training sessions.The project results show that there is a great need for this kind of training. The participating organizations express that the training sessions havebeen very instructive and that participants have gained new contacts or developed the contacts that were already established. The results also show that participants have directly benefited from the project during real emergency events. The project costshave amounted to approximately 3,2 SEK and just under 2,5 NOK. Expenses have primarily consisted of the working hours of partners and to some extent travel expenses. The travel expenses have been reduced by the frequent use of distance communication technologies instead of physical meetings.

  • 6.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Anders Persson (förf): Rituatlisering och sårbarhet : Ansikte mot ansikte med Goffmans perspektiv på social interaktion2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 246-248Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Det goda medarbetarskapet – konsten att inte vara chef.2005In: Arbetsliv och samhällsförändringar, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2005, p. 75-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Även på obefordrade medarbetare i en organisation ställs krav. De ska vara kamrater inom arbetsgruppen, de är kolleger med dem som har samma yrke och de är underställa sin chef. Hur ser det goda medarbetarskapet ut? Artikelföraffaren har undersökt detta i den kanske mest hierarkiska av miljöer - Försvarsmakten.

  • 8.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Following Routines: A Challenge in Cross-Sectorial Collaboration2016In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 36-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how personnel from three different organizations

    create meaning and intend to act in a potentially dangerous situation.The article reports

    an experiment depicting a bomb at an elderly care center and the participants were to

    describe the situation and decide how to act.The participants were personnel from the

    police, rescue services and an elderly care centre.The findings show that participants had

    different types of understanding of the situation and how to act.The personnel at the

    elderly care centre were confused by the situation but they were familiar with their work

    routines.The emergency organizations were familiar with the situation and the task, but

    not with the work routines.

  • 9.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kvalitet i högre utbildning: en studie om faktorer och dimensioner för utbildningskvalitet vid Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap vid Mitthögskolan i Östersund1995Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Makt och Auktoritet i Ledningssystem2009In: Aspekter på ledning / [ed] Mats Persson, Stockholm: Försvarsmakten , 2009, 1, p. 91-104Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Regementet som arbetsplats – våra civila2002In: Jämtlands Fältjägarregementes historia: Del 3, Östersund: Jämtlands Fältjägarregemente , 2002, p. 129-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The roles of followers: an exploratory study of follower roles in a Swedish context2013In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 708-723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to draw a more nuanced picture of what characterizes followership in an organization. Design/methodology/approach - This exploratory study including seven depth interviews conducted with Swedish armed forces personnel at various levels - both officers and civilians on what characterizes followers. Additional two group discussions were conducted with employees; one representing followers and one representing middle management. Findings - The paper provides empirical insights about three follower roles - workmate, colleague, and co-worker and how they correspond to individual-related and organization-related categories. The most prominent feature of the role of workmate is work solidarity. The characteristic of the colleague is professional loyalty. Finally, the co-worker is looked upon as exercising leadership by extension. Research limitations/implications - Because of the chosen research approach, the research results may lack generalizability. Researchers are encouraged to test the proposed propositions further, and to further investigate the relationships between other followers' roles - such as temporary agency worker, flexible worker, and expert. Practical implications - The paper includes implications for the leader-follower relations, first, how management should lead subordinates in an organization. Second, there are ramifications for how followers' work is best organized. Finally, the paper verifies the importance of individual-related categories, not only between leaders and followers, but also between followers. Originality/value - The paper argues that followers should not only be seen in terms of traits or labels, but as the product of relations within organizations. Followers' actions are restrained by the frame of their positions. This has an impact on the development of the followers' roles.

  • 13.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Why bother to plan for crisis: A study of the use of crisis plans during a water pollution incident2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This case study elaborates on the theme of crisis planning and addresses the question of the use of crisis plans in actual crises. Using Merton’s concepts, the article considers the manifest and latent consequences of prepared crisis plans. Method: The study is based on data collected during one particular incident, consisting of interviews, notes, and observations at a Municipal Council, County Administrative Board, and County Council in Sweden. Result: The results show that the organizations did not use their crisis plan during the incident. The most important factor was the drawing up of the plan. Even if the plan did not cover the specific set of problems that arose, it helped people think systematically about how to handle this new crisis. Conclusion: The crisis plan’s latent function prepared officials for what to do in an emergency.

  • 14.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Umeå Universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Är delaktighet möjlig i en byråkrati?: En fallstudie inom Försvarsmakten av det arbete som föregick försvarsbeslut -962002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Alvinius, A.
    National Defence College, Karlstad 651 80, Sweden.
    Larsson, G.
    National Defence College, Karlstad 651 80, Sweden.
    From common operating picture to situational awareness2014In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 28-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what influences the formation of a common operating picture and situational awareness during collaborative efforts to deal with complex disasters. Particular focus is given to the relationship between the operating picture and situational awareness. The study was conducted using qualitative interviews and a grounded theory approach, and is based on interview data from three crisis events. The results show that the operating picture is influenced by information coming together from different sources and forming a snapshot of the event, a portrait which changes and is updated over time, while organisational belonging, role and occupationally specific knowledge provide a framework for and influence situational awareness. The results also show that the operating picture forms the basis for an occupationally specific and role-based situational awareness and its subsequent decision-making. Further studies on the relation between common operating picture, sense making and situational awareness are discussed. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 16.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Blomgren, Ebbe
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Johansson, Eva
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Organisationen som villkor för ledarskap2003In: Direkt Ledarskap, Stockholm: Försvarsmakten , 2003, p. 124-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Att attrahera i förändring2010Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Reservofficeren: – från att fylla vakanser till att nyttja kompetenser2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Reservofficerarna har traditionellt varit ett viktigt inslag i Försvarsmakten. De antaganden som ofta görs om reservofficerarna är att de agerar som yrkesofficerare och att de internaliserar den militära kulturen. Men kunskapen om reservofficerarna är låg. Syftet med denna studie är att studera reservofficerarnas roll i insatsförsvaret utifrån reservofficerarna själva, samt utifrån representanter för Försvarsmakten och för regeringen. Resultaten visar att reservofficerarna är välutbildade och en stor andel är chefer och egna företagare. Trots detta uppfattar reservofficerarna att deras kompetens inte efterfrågas. Reservofficerarna upplever också att de idag inte uppskattas lika mycket som tidigare. Resultaten visar även på två typer av behov som Försvarsmakten har av reservofficerare, volymbehov och kompetensbehov. Dessa behov sätts i studien samman i fyra olika kombinationer.  1) det föreligger behov av reservofficerare att fylla vakanser, dvs. enbart volymbehov. 2) reservofficerarnas unika civila kompetens behövs, dvs. fokus enbart på kompetensbehovet. 3) Försvarsmakten har behov av reservofficerare som tjänstgör bara då Försvarsmakten har behov av dem, samt att de har en kompetens som Försvarsmakten inte har råd att bekosta, dvs. både volymbehov och kompetensbehov. Slutligen 4) folkförankring där varken kompetensbehov eller volymbehov står i fokus. Vi menar också att det behövs nya teorier för att studera gruppen reservofficerare då militära professionsteorier inte gör denna grupp rättvisa.

  • 19.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management, Karlstad, Sweden.
    The Swedish Reserve Officer: Filling Vacancies or Using Competences2011In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 284-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract The aim of this study is to examine the reserve force’s role in and contribution to the new Swedish expeditionary armed forces. Survey data were obtained from 418 reservists. The results show that reserve officers are well educated and hold high positions in the civil society. According to the reserve officers themselves, the Armed Forces do not ask for their nonmilitary competence. The discontent with this situation is greater among the younger reservists as opposed to the older ones. Four different opinions on the need for the reserve officers are suggested. First, reserve officers are requested to fill vacancies, that is, a volume regulator. Second, the reserve officers are needed because they have unique competences other than military that are used by the armed forces. Third, reserve officers are needed from an economic point of view. Finally, reserve officers contribute to the civil–military relationship. However, when using a framework intended for regular officers, the contribution of the reserve officers’ civil professional competence has not been recognized.

  • 20.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Örebro Universitet.
    Trnka, Jiri
    FOI Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut.
    Framtid och utvecklingsbehov2014In: Lägesbilder: Att skapa och analysera lägesbilder vid samhällsstörningar / [ed] Landgren, Jonas; Borglund, Erik, Karlstad: MSB (Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap) , 2014, p. 119-226Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Collaboration between organizations: The influence of temporal and spatial conditions2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Joint Staff for Emergency Response Operations2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When incidents or disasters occur, focus is often on response operations at the incident site, or on the highest command of emergency response organizations. Studies on the work performed in staffs are, however, rare. The term “staff” is often used in connection with the line-staff organization, to denote a permanent support unit for executives. The staffs in focus for this study are, however, temporary and specific for a certain emergency response organization. They are activated when a sizeable incident or a disaster has taken place, and they are disbanded when the incident is over. The aim of this study was to investigate interaction within a joint staff when a number of emergency response organizations, geographically localized in the same building, created a joint staff during an exercise, in response to a (fictitious) major incident. Thereby, organizational boundaries were transgressed in a way that may sometimes occur at the incident site, but is very uncommon in staff organizations. The boundaries between staff units of different emergency response organizations are generally fixed and rigidly upheld, each staff more or less independently supporting the operative units of its own organization. The focus of this study was trans-boundary interaction under pressure within a joint staff.

  • 23.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Organizing of Inter-Organizational Collaboration2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Organizing of Inter-Organizational Collaboration2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Borglund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Forskningsöversikt stabsarbete2011Report (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Eliasson, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Samverkan i praktiken2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport har varit att studera den samverkan som sker på en skadeplats där flera räddningsorganisationer och enskilda frivilliga är inblandade i räddningsarbetet. Men rapporten omfattar även den samverkan som sker i händelsens periferi, inom och mellan organisationernas staber, samt samverkan med frivilligorganisationer verksamma vid kriser och olyckor. Resultatet visar att omvandlingen av en olycksplats till en skadeplats påbörjas då en spontanfrivillig uppmärksammar en olycka och ringer till SOS Alarm. När räddningsorganisationerna kommer till skadeplatsen skapas en organisation för att ta hand om händelsen. I denna miljö möts spontanfrivilliga och räddningspersonal. Spontanfrivilliga kan i detta möte fylla två viktiga funktioner, för det första som informationskälla, dvs. i definitionen av en första lägesbild och i egenskap av vittnen. För det andra kan de få en funktion som medhjälpare, t.ex. påbörja lättare sjukvårdsinsatser eller dirigera trafik. Men genom att händelsen omgärdas av ett organisatoriskt sammanhang sätts gränser t.ex. för vad som betraktas som en legitim aktör. Ofta inkluderas spontanfrivilliga så tillvida att de blir geografiskt inkluderade, men de blir lika ofta symboliskt exkluderade. Räddningspersonalens avståndstagande gör att spontanfrivilliga känner sig obekväma i situationen och lämnar skadeplatsen i ett tidigt skede. Liksom skadeplatsen utgör räddningsstaben både en organisatorisk konstruktion och en institutionell miljö. Det som är särskilt utmärkande för staber är deras behov av lägesbilder. Till skillnad mot arbetet på skadeplatsen som börjar i kaos, börjar staben med ett ”tomt” rum som ska fyllas av händelsen, där lägesbilderna som förmedlas från skadeplatsen utgör grunden för stabens arbete. Etableringen av frivilligorganisationer följer till dels andra rutiner. Det som utmärker dessa organisationer är deras elasticitet, dvs. tillkomsten av frivilliga i händelse av en kris. Den verksamhet som vissa frivilligorganisationer bedriver är till dels lika dem som de bedriver i vardagen. Frivilligorganisationerna är inte verksamma på skadeplatsen och de aktiveras senare under händelsen och verksamheten kan pågå under lång tid efteråt. Om arbetet på skadeplatsen kännetecknas av en räddningspraktik, så kännetecknas de frivilligorganisationer som ingår i studien av en omhändertagandepraktik. Sammanfattningsvis framkommer att samverkan etableras i vardagen och att det finns en tendens att överbetona samverkan; samverkan är inte alltid viktig. Svårigheter att samverka kan bero på kunskapsbrister, att gränser försvårar samverkan där vissa inkluderas och andra exkluderas, samt att en strävan efter en gemensam lägesbild inte alltid är en rimlig utgångspunkt vid samverkan.

  • 27.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kvarnlöf, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Samverkan under räddningsinsatser2013Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Neal, David M.
    Oklahoma State University, USA.
    Editorial: An Introduction to Nordic Research2015In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 316-322Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Voss, Marita
    Dept of Communication, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Landgren, Jonas
    Institutionen för tillämpad IT, Göteborgs universitet.
    Forskningsöversikt Ledning och Samverkan vid olyckor och kriser2011Report (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Overud, Johanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Frivillighet, skyldighet eller frivillig skyldighet?: Om genus och handlingsutrymme i civilsamhället.2008In: Arbete, hälsa och kön, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet , 2008, no 2, p. 25-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Liksom i det avlönade arbetslivet följer det frivilliga, ideella och obetalda arbetet ett könsmönster. I den här artikeln problematiseras detta faktum och sätts i relation till diskussionen om var gränsen bör gå mellan statens ansvar och uppgifter som bör skötas av aktörer inom det civila samhället. I diskussionen om en pågående förskjutning av alltfler uppgifter från det offentliga till frivilliga och ideella aktörer studerar författarna genusaspekter av frivilligarbetet i tid och rum. Hur tar kvinnor respektive män plats i det civila samhället, vilken plats är det och var leder den?

  • 31.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sparf, Jörgen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Multi-organizational collaboration - A workshop experiment on how different professionals view an incident2014In: Proceedings of the 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference: Integrative Risk Management - The Role of Science, Technology and Practice, IDRC Davos 2014, Global Risk Forum , 2014, p. 192-195Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine how personnel from different organizations create meaning and intend to act in a potential dangerous situation. Design/methodology: The article rests upon an experiment, showing a movie with a bomb at the entrance of a retirement center. The task of the participants was to describe the situation and decide how to act in different situations. The participants involve was personnel from different kinds of organizations. Findings: Our findings show that there are different kinds of understanding of the situation and how to act, that could be explained by the logic of the organizational field, professional knowledge and the person's earlier experience. Originality/value: While most studies have been focusing on the interaction between emergency organizations alone, this study has investigated the sense making and acting of emergency organizations and other non-emergency organization. Most studies are also conducted either as retrospective interviews after a crisis or during training exercise. This study rest upon an experiment, were the subjects had to interpret the situation and decide how to act in real time.

  • 32.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sparf, Jörgen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Robin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Oscarsson, Olof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sektorsövergripande samverkan vid kriser2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport har varit att studera den sektorsövergripande samverkan som sker mellan räddningsorganisationer och organisationer vars verksamhet är att ha omsorg om äldre eller barn, när dessa organisationer möts under en räddningsinsats. Resultatet visar att sektorsövergripande samverkan försvåras av att det i mötet mellan dessa organisationer saknas kunskap om de rutiner som styr den plats där händelsen sker och förståelse för den uppkomna situationen. Vidare att ansvaret för räddningsinsatsen ofta helt lämnas över till räddningsorganisationerna.

    • Vid sektorsövergripande krishantering har de ingående organisationerna kunskap om olika faktorer under händelsen. Organisationer utan krishanteringsvana kan ha svårt att förstå situationen när en kris drabbar deras organisation. Däremot har de kunskap om platsens förutsättningar. Räddningsorganisationer har inte alltid kunskap om platsens förutsättningar när de kommer till en skadeplats, däremot kan situationen var känd och något de ofta möter.

    • Uppgiften att avhjälpa själva krisen till exempel släcka en brand, har räddningsorganisationerna erfarenhet av. Uppgifter relaterade till platsen, till exempel att möta de behov som barn och äldre har och de rationaliteter som gäller den här typen av arbete, har omsorgsorganisationerna kunskap om. Den organisationsknutna kunskapen delas dock inte över sektorerna.

    • Omsorgsorganisationer och räddningsorganisationer utgår från olika logiker i sitt arbete. Omsorgsorganisationer har sällan krishanteringsvana när det gäller ordinära kriser och de utgår i sitt arbete från en omsorgslogik med fokus på värnandet om elever eller äldre; räddningsorganisationer utgår i sitt arbete från kommunikativ eller incidentkontrollerande logik och ofta ser de krisen som en vardagskris. Detta gör att personalen vid de olika organisationerna förstår samma händelse på olika sätt.

    • Vid en händelse är det inte ovanligt att de olika organisationerna inte samverkar under krisen utan att var och en gör sitt och anpassar sin verksamhet enbart till händelsen.

  • 33.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sparf, Jörgen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olof, Oscarsson
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Robin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sektorsövergripande samverkan vid kriser2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wall, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ethical Perspectives on Volunteer Participation: Training CBRN Incidents Live2015In: Ethics and Risk management / [ed] Lina Svedin, Charlotte: IAP Information Age Publishing , 2015, 1, p. 141-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    Weibull, Alise
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    Sociology at Military Academies: The Swedish Case2008In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 91-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper illustrates the role of sociology at the Sweden military academies. In Finding a suitable balance between theoretical and practical education seems to have been a major thread through Swedish officer education from the eighteenth century to the present day. The emphasis has been on education that is closely linked to the military war positions, with extensive elements of combat planning and carrying out of military operations. But as tasks have changed, areas such as leadership and organizations have become more important and the positions of sociological theories and perspective have gradually increased.  The belief put forward here is that the demand för sociology eill increase for two reasons: the current struggle to make Swedish officer education more university-like and, more important, the need for sociological knowledge yhat will grow the more the Defence Forces engagement will be engaged in the international arena.

  • 36.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wolvén, Lars-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vad betyder delaktighet i en byråkrati - mening och undermening bland olika maktigrupperingar inom Försvarsmakten2006Report (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Danielsson, Erna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wolvén, Lars-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vad betyder X: X = delaktighet i en byråkrati - om mening och undermening bland olika maktgrupperingar.: The 22nd Nordic Sociology Congress 2004, Malmö 20-22 augusti.2004Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 38. Demarin, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Eliasson, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sparf, Jörgen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Susanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv på risk och kris: Uppfattning, kommunikation och organisation.2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskargruppen KRIHS, Kris och risk i det heterogena samhället, har fått uppdraget att skriva en kunskapsöversikt inom ramen för MSB:s verksamhetsområden skydd mot olyckor, krishantering och civil beredskap. Uppdraget har gjorts i samarbete med Eva-Lena Demarin som stått för stora delar av sammanställningen av tidigare forskning samt delar av övriga avsnitt. Undertecknad ansvarar för översiktens vetenskapliga kvalitet. Kunskapsöversikten är dock ett resultat av forskargruppens gemensamma ansträngningar. Tillsammans med Eva-Lena har gruppen träffats vid fem tillfällen varav vid ett seminarium där texten diskuterats och reviderats. De som varit med och diskuterat, samlat in material och/eller skrivit delar av översikten är förutom ovan nämnda, Erna Danielsson, Sara Ekholm, Linda Eliasson, Roine Johansson, Jörgen Sparf, Erika Wall och Susanna Öhman.

    Då både tiden och utrymmet har varit begränsat gör vi inga anspråk på att kunskapsöversikten är heltäckande. Den ska snarare ses som en ganska grovkorning bild av de senaste tio årens risk- och krisforskning rörande uppfattningar, kommunikation och organisation. Det huvudsakliga bidraget är att översikten identifierar vissa områden där kunskapsuppbyggnad behövs. På så sätt kan översikten ses som en karta där vissa kompassriktningar markerats utifrån vilka MSB kan välja vilka som passar myndighetens framtida verksamhet.

  • 39.
    Ekroth, Johanna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Forskningsöversikt: Bostadsbränder och socioekonomiska faktorer2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirka 120 stycken personer omkommer varje år till följd av bostadsbränder. För att uppnå den nollvision som MSB satt upp behövs mer tvärvetenskaplig kunskap om bostadsbränder. Syftet med denna forskningsöversikt är att utifrån ett social/organisatoriskt perspektiv med fokus på metod och strategi för tvärsektoriella interventioner mot socialt utsatt, sårbara grupper. Litteratur och tidigare studier har sökts med hjälp av ett stort antal sökord på svenska och engelska i ett antal olika databaser. Det vi redan vet är vilka som drabbas i termer av ålder, kön, missbruk och ekonomiska resurser, liksom orsakerna till att det börjar brinna; glömda spisar, rökning och brinnande ljus. Tidigare forskning visar alltså att det är socialt utsatta och sårbara grupper (t.ex. låginkomsttagare, etniska minoriteter och ensamstående) som drabbas i högre grad än andra i samhället. Specifik forskning om bostadsbränder som syftar till att förklara varför dessa drabbas finns i stort sätt inte. Forskning om förebyggande arbete liksom interventioner riktade mot dessa grupper är även den obefintlig om man exkluderar rent teknisk forskning. Studerar man angränsande forskning om t.ex. anlagda bränder finns det en del att lära men den forskningen är i stor utsträckning inriktad mot anstiftarna och därmed brandorsaken snarare än de drabbade. Slutsatsen är därför att det har varit nära nog omöjligt att uppfylla syftet med översikten och istället föreslås vidare forskning inom sju områden:1. Den befintliga forskningen om bostadsbränder är deskriptiv och inte teoretiskt grundad, vidare forskning bör utgå från etablerad samhällsvetenskaplig kunskap från andra forskningsområden t.ex. bostadssegregation, heterogenitet, krishanteringsorganisation, och riskbeteenden.2. Fokus bör flyttas från enskilda bostäder till bostadsområden. Det är välbelagt i tidigare samhällsvetenskaplig forskning att boendet är segregerat och starkt kopplat till faktorer såsom utbildning, klass och etnicitet.3. Forskningen bör fokuseras mot orsakerna till varför vissa grupper är mer drabbade än andra, liksom interventionsstudier av vilka insatser som behövs för varje specifik grupp.4. Interventionsstudier bör anpassas till specifika målgrupper och baseras på aktuell samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, t.ex. om riskkommunikation.5. Det behövs forskning som problematiserar konsekvenserna av att vara en ”sårbar grupp” och vilka konsekvenser interventioner gentemot redan utsatta grupper kan få för dessas självbild och livskvalitet. Detta är även en forskningsetisk fråga som måste belysas.6. Det saknas kunskap om vilka som drabbas av bränder utan att omkomma eller skadas allvarligt, t.ex. i ekonomiska termer. Här behövs dels basal kartläggning för att få kunskap om hur olika grupper i samhället drabbas, dels en samhällsvetenskaplig analys av en sådan kartläggning.7. Metodologiskt är studierna också relativt begränsade till sekundärdata därför behövs forskning som grundar sig i primärdata, t.ex. intervjuer, enkäter och etnografiska fältstudier.

  • 40.
    Große, Christine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Aron
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Wallman Lundåsen, Susanne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Björkqvist, Olof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Nyhlén, Jon
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Collaboration and Decision-making in Response Planning for Power Shortages: The Swedish PolicyIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Johansson, Roine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Robin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Oscarsson, Olof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att använda, leda och samverka med frivilliga: Om kommuners och länsstyrelsers relationer med aktörer utanför den offentliga sektorn inom ramen för det geografiska områdesansvaret2015Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Larsson , Gerry
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Bartone, Paul T.
    Industrial College of the Armed Forces, National Defence University.
    Bos-Bakx, Miepke
    Royal Netherlands Military Academy.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Jelusic, Ljubica
    university of Ljubljana.
    Johansson, Eva
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Moelker, Rene
    Royal Netherlands Military Academy.
    Leader Development in Natural Context: A Gounded Theory Approach to Discovering How Military Leaders Grow2006In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605 , Vol. 18, no 3, p. 69-81Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Larsson, Gerry
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Carlstedt, Leif
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Andersson, Jens
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Andersson, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Johansson, Ann
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Johansson, Eva
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Michel, Per-Olof
    Sweidsh Armed Forces.
    A Comprehensive system for leader evaluation and development2002In: The Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 16-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to describe the development of a theoretical model for leader evaluation and development, an instrument based on this model, and a strategy for large scale implementation in the Swedish armed forces. The model rests on an interactional person by situation paradigm. It emphasises "developmental leadership", which is inspired by transformational and functionalistic leadership approaches. The developmental leadership questionnaire (DLQ) was operationalised from the model and refined through structural equation modelling. The model and the DLQ will be used for three purposes: yearly evaluation of all personnel in the Swedish armed forces; yearly planning dialogues between each employee and his or her nearest supervisor; and a tool for leadership training. The implementation strategy includes an initial course in developmental leadership for all colonels. This is followed by the selection and training of local trainers, who, in turn, initiate the comprehensive programme locally. The system should be fully implemented by 2005.

  • 44.
    Nordensten, Christina
    et al.
    Livsmedelsverket.
    Aleljung, Pär
    Livsmedelsverket.
    Frisell, Therese
    Aaw, Jonas
    Livsmedelsverket.
    Nyström, Per-Erik
    Livsmedelsverket.
    Andersson, Jan-Olov
    Karlstads universitet.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Roine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Edler, Staffan
    Länsstyrelsen Jämtland.
    Ågren, Gunilla
    Länsstyrelsen Jämtland.
    Olsson, Morgan
    Räddningstjänsten Jämtland.
    Nordman, Pertti
    MSB.
    All, Rainar
    MSB.
    Näslund-Landenmark, Barbro
    MSB.
    Gullstrand, Josefin
    MSB.
    Hanteringen av de omfattande naturkatastroferna i Queensland 2011: Observatörsrapport2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, MSB has as one of its tasks to learn lessons and gather and compile experiences and knowledge from accidents and crises that have occurred, also in other countries than Sweden. MSB was requested by a number of Swedish authorities and organisations to organize and lead an observation mission to Queensland, Australia, in order to learn from the natural disaster with the heavy rains and cyclone and flooding, which struck the province in December 2010 – January 2011.

    A working group consisting of representatives from some relevant authorities was established by MSB, and the planning of the mission was initiated. The aim of the observation mission was therefore to bring back experiences and knowledge gained in Queensland from the emergency and crisis management in connection with the natural disaster that resulted in significant accidents and infrastructure disturbances.

    The lessons learned during the observation mission are presented in this mission report which will be disseminated to the relevant Swedish authorities and organisations involved in the emergency and crisis management. This will allow the authorities and organisations to improve their own capabilities and also be used in MSB:s education and training. The mission also provided an opportunity for more general exchanges of information and experiences between Australian and Swedish authorities.

    The following issues were of particular interest during the mission:

    • the course of events during the heavy rains and cyclone and flooding, the natural and geographic conditions in the affected area(s)

    • the extent and size of the flooding and its different phases and consequences for habitation and societal structures

    • the effects in respect to people and damage to infrastructure and property in general

    • the general experiences of this flooding disaster and major recommendations for the future development and improvement of capacities to manage major disasters

    Lessons were learned regarding:

    • the roles and responsibilities of the Federal Government, States/Territories, Cities/Municipalities and the individual citizens

    • Australian legislation concerning risk and vulnerability assessment and management, prevention and/or protection, including coordination in addressing these matters, and emergency/crisis management and rescue operations in disasters such as flooding

    • organisation of the emergency, rescue and crisis/security management

    • actual response services involved during the flooding emergency, rescue and crisis/security management, as well as voluntary organisations

  • 45.
    Oscarsson, Olof
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Unrecognized crisis management-Normalizing everyday work: The work practice of crisis management in a refugee situation2017In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the practices of crisis management adopted by operative staff when facing a crisis situation in their workplace. This research is based on interviews with personnel from social services and staff from homes for unaccompanied youth. The interviewees asked respondents about their actions in caring for young refugees during the refugee situation. The results are structured around three themes: everyday practices, crisis work, and the process of normalization. Three practices for handling the situation-improvisation, prioritization, and creating alternatives-served as crisis management-as-practice. The staff members' everyday practice for solving problems became the basic method employed during the crisis to normalize everyday work.

  • 46. Vrbanjac, A
    et al.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Larsson, G
    Steget före: Samverkan och ledarskap vid hantering av ett gisslandrama vid en rymning från en fångvårdsanstalt2006Report (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Warne, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Högberg, Lovisa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Torget: en plats för hållbarhet ur ett socialt, ekologiskt, kulturellt och ekonomiskt perspektiv2017In: Hållbarhetens många ansikten: samtal, forskning och fantasier / [ed] Edith Andresen, Gustav Lidén, Sara Nyhlén, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2017, p. 64-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Weibull, Alise
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    Selection and education of Swedish officers2000In: The European Officer: A Comparative View on Selection and Education, Pisa: Edizioni ETS, 2000, p. 185-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
1 - 48 of 48
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