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  • 1.
    Abdipour, Morteza
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för industridesign.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för industridesign.
    Olin, Håkan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    A Design Research Lab—An Integrated Model to Identify Conscious and Unconscious Behavior in the Design Process2016Inngår i: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing: Design for Inclusion, Springer International Publishing Switzerland , 2016, Vol. 500, s. 553-563Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To understand how different design solutions affect users, designers traditionally use different evaluation methods that mainly rely on conscious feedback from the users. However, the complexity of human behaviour, where a large part is unconscious, point to a need for an extended tool box addressing the part not accessible to human conscious knowledge. Here, we describe a design research lab where traditional methods are complemented with tools to measure physiological signals influenced by emotional and sympathetic responses. These tools include galvanic skin response (GSR), electrocardiograph (ECG), and electroencephalograph (EEG). Typical sessions with acquired data of conscious and unconscious user reactions are described. The large body of data collected, which also require non-design expertise for interpretation, suggest that a further development towards simplified output data of the unconscious reactions is needed to allow wider use within industrial design work.

  • 2.
    Fröling, Morgan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för ekoteknik och hållbart byggande.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för industridesign.
    Design Processes Releasing Creativity for Sustainability2016Inngår i: Valuing and Evaluating Creativity for Sustainable Regional Development: Book of abstracts / [ed] Daniel Laven & Wilhelm Skoglund, Östersund, 2016, s. 223-225Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To move toward sustainable societies and achieve the United Nations Global Goals changes are necessary at many levels and in many dimensions of human society. New creative methods in the design approach are necessary. The magnitude of change that is needed can be imagined by the fact that the world is so impacted by human activities that some discuss our present era on earth as the “Anthropocene”. To keep up and expand human wellbeing all over the world, it will be necessary to design new products and processes that are better adapted to fit within the planetary boundaries of the Earth. The ‘squary shape’ of most city components are badly adopted both to human body and our cognitive for stimulation. At the same time, social sustainability requires the development of these new products and processes in ways that are inclusive. In other words, our solutions toned to be available for use by as many individuals as possible worldwide.

    The design stage is when there are many degrees of freedom compared to later production and use phases of products or services. Unsustainable properties included at this stage are often hard or expensive (or both) to correct later on when infrastructure for production has been created.. Thus the design stage is one important area that can help create movement towards more sustainable societies.

    There are several development processes available to create more environmentally friendly products. These processes can be good in some cases but often are the requirement settled before designer are involved.  Therefore they are not inspiring designers, and release of the expertise of designers can not be used in a significant way [1,2]. For example, in the corporate sector there is often a lack of clear vision and goals during specific design tasks, which can hamper leapfrog development.

    To develop products and solutions that are inclusive to large parts of the population is a challenge for sustained and increased human wellbeing, especially with an expected aging population. To meet such challenges design methods and approaches has been developed under the concept Design for All [3]. The Design for All approach is often thought of as handling human ergonomic challenges, but if used correctly this approach can also be helpful for inclusion of individuals facing a wide range of physical or cognitive challenges.

    Since more environmentally adapted design and more inclusive design are two parallel developments that is needed for the future, it is of interest to merge the thinking of such approaches. A widening of thinking regarding Design for All to take into account not only the ‘weakest humans’ but also the ‘weakest links in ecosystems’ could be such a road forward to design that fits in a future sustainable society. It has the possibility to be set up in a way to release and utilize the expertise of designers and thus opens for truly creative solutions for the problems of today and tomorrow.

    A new creative way to solve city, and other design issues by starting from the most demanding peoples and nature species needs instead of re-designing artefacts originated from industrial production indicates hope for sustainable solutions in the future. This is a possible starting point for a new era of creative cites.

    References

    Gunilla Clancy; Morgan Fröling; Gregory Peters (2015): Ecolabels as drivers of clothing design. Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, Vol. 99, p.345-353.

    Gunilla Clancy; Morgan Fröling; Magdalena Svanström (2013): Insights from guiding material development towards more sustainable products. International Journal of Sustainable Design, ISSN 1743-8284, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 149-166.

    Lena Lorentzen; Johan Eklund (2011): Design for All (Published in Swedish: Design för alla: En ny metod för att bedöma produkters, tjänsters och miljöers användbarhet). Design Research Journal, ISSN 2000-3080, Vol. 1, no 1, 46-53 p.

     

  • 3.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för industridesign.
    Design for All and evaluation of how it is to handle packages2015Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 4.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för industridesign.
    How to categorize users from a design point of view?2016Inngår i: Advances in Design for Inclusion: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Design for Inclusion, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA / [ed] di Bucchianico G., Kercher P., Springer Publishing Company, 2016, Vol. 500, s. 585-597Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important for designer to know the body functions and abilities of the test persons involved in the user tests performed during the design process. Otherwise they have no control of who is going to be able to use the product and not. This paper presents a new method to categorize the users from a design point of view that does not require any knowledge about diagnoses or disabilities.

  • 5.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    Lena Lorentzen Design AB.
    Redskap för alla arbeten och alla kroppar1999Inngår i: Möjligheternas trädgård: en trädgård för alla / [ed] Kerstin Sandberg, Hjälpmedelsinstitutet och Sveriges Utbildningsradio AB , 1999, 1, s. 98-121Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Tips om redskap för trädgårdsarbete som även fungerar för människor med funktionsnedsättningar. 

  • 6.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för design.
    Öppna dig!: Handbok i design av lätthanterliga förpackningar2018 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla har vi någon gång irriterat oss på förpackningar som är svåra att

    öppna och krångliga att använda. Nio av tio konsumenter har

    dessutom skadat sig på en förpackning.

    Den här boken vänder sig till dig som, på ett eller annat sätt, har

    inytande i utvecklingen av konsumentförpackningar och vill förstå

    hur man gör dem lätta att använda. Det kan till exempel vara i

    rollen som designer, produktutvecklare, marknadsförare, produktansvarig,

    inköpare, företagsledare eller beslutsfattare i ledningsgrupp

    eller styrelse.

    Du kommer att lära dig hemligheterna bakom att skapa

    förpackningar som både är lätta att hantera och förstå.

    Lena Lorentzen, som jobbat inom det här området i över trettio år,

    leder dig genom de utmaningar användarna kan uppleva med olika

    typer av förpackningar och ger tips kring hur du kan komma runt

    dem. Du kommer att få praktiskt lätt tillämpbar kunskap som du

    kan använda direkt.

    Boken ger också en generell förståelse kring hanterbarhet som kan

    tillämpas i utvecklingen av andra produkter än förpackningar.

  • 7.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för industridesign.
    Eklund, J.
    Unicum - Nordic Design for All Centre, Fabriksgatan 8, 821 33 Bollnäs, Sweden .
    A comparing study between people with reduced hand function and children2014Inngår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 2014, nr PART 4, s. 572-581Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was conducted in collaboration with Tetra Pak® [1] measuring the hand strength, grip ability, hand size to judge how easy it was to open three packages with a group of 10 people with reduced hand function and 14 children, six years old. The result showed that the hand strength between the group with reduced hand function and the children was quite similar. Also the results from the grip ability test and their judgement of how it was to handle the package was similar. The size of the participants' hands was the only thing that really differed between the groups. This is an interesting input for designers developing products and packages that should be easy to use for children, but may be even more interesting for developing products where there is a need to exclude children or child protective packages. © 2014 Springer International Publishing.

  • 8.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Eklund, Johan
    Essens Statistikkonsult, Örnsköldsvik, Sweden.
    Design för alla: En ny metod för att bedöma produkters, tjänsters och miljöers användbarhet2011Inngår i: Design Research Journal, ISSN 2000-639X, E-ISSN 2000-3080, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 46-53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att använda vissa produkter, tjänster eller miljöerkan vara svårt och irriterande för oss alla. Förpersoner med funktionsnedsättningar kan användningsmomentsom för andra kräver lite extrakraft och tålamod vara mycket svåra eller i vissafall omöjliga. Artikeln ger inblick i en nyutveckladmetodik som gör det möjligt skapa mer lättanvändaprodukter, tjänster och miljöer. Metodenbygger på tester med personer som har relevantafunktionsnedsättningar och lanseras under namnetDesign för Alla-testet.Det är svårt att hävda att metoden är ”sann”då angreppssättet bygger på förenklingar i förhållandetill en människas komplicerade rymd avupplevelser. Målet har varit att hitta en lättanvändmetod som fungerar i praktiken.Ett öppet digitalt verktyg med instruktioneroch inspiration till hur Design för Alla-testet kananvändas för utveckling av produktet, tjänster ochmiljöer kommer under september 2011 läggasupp på www.designforallatestet.se ochwww.designforalltest.com. I detta verktyg kommerdet också att finnas möjligheter att ställaandra frågor till testpersonerna som inte handlarom hur produkten är att använda. Dessa frågorkalibreras inte mot referensgruppen eftersom deninverkan den aktuella funktionsnedsättningen harpå svaret är oklar.Ett godkännadetest skall utföras av en auktoriseradneutral part (jämför med Reumatikerförbundetgodkänner).Design för Alla-testet är utvecklat av Handikappförbundeni samarbete Unicum - NordiskDesign för Alla Center och MittuniversitetetsIndustridesignavdelning med finansiering från Arvsfonden.

  • 9.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för industridesign.
    Eklund, Johan
    Essens Stat Konsult.
    How the Swedish Rheumatism Association uses the design for all tests to approve easy to handle packages and products2016Inngår i: Advances in Design for Inclusion: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Design for Inclusion, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, Springer International Publishing , 2016, Vol. 500, s. 573-583Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Rheumatism Association has for many years fought for accessibility of products and services for their members. One tool in that struggle is a method to certify products and packaging as “easy to use”. This paper describes the development of the latest version of that test. It relies on people experiences and puts value on user satisfaction. The result is a powerful tool in inclusive design. Performing calibrated product testing by test groups of persons with reduced functions in their hands is now used as a product development and, if approved as a marketing tool.

  • 10.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för design.
    Hedvall, Per-Olof
    Certec, Lund University.
    Bringing human diversity into design processes through empathic modelling2018Inngår i: Transforming our World Through Design, Diversity and Education: Education – putting Universal Design for Learning at the heart of education – embedding Universal Design content across the curriculum / [ed] Gerald Craddock, Cormac Doran, Larry McNutt, Dónal Rice, Dublin: IOS Press, 2018, Vol. 256, s. 128-136Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most products are developed while adapting to requirements from industrial production and logistics. To break that trend and design for people, we suggest focusing on those who put the strongest demands on the final solution. They cannot compensate for bad design solutions and are thereby, like sniffing dogs, guiding designers to meet peoples’ needs. We always use a combination of empathic modelling and involvement of people with reduced functions to find new solutions to the problems a product is supposed to solve. We have used this method in the teaching of Universal design at different universities for more than ten years. The students find the exercises to be a very entertaining eye-opener leading to development of empathy for human diversity all while the level of innovation in their design work increase. To constantly make design students understand barriers that can occur due to bad design solutions we utilize a toolbox simulating different kinds of functional ability. It also includes a handbook that describes workshops, evaluation methods and design processes that can be performed using the tools. The goal is to guide efficient, innovative and inclusive design processes. By simulating diversity among people, the designer can interpret the needs of different users and use that as a starting point and for evaluating design solutions during the creative process.

  • 11.
    Mikaelsson, Lars-Åke
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för ekoteknik och hållbart byggande.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för design.
    Thandapani, Chitra
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för ekoteknik och hållbart byggande.
    Växters betydelse för en hållbar inomhusmiljö2017Inngår i: Hållbarhetens många ansikten: samtal, forskning och fantasier / [ed] Edith Andresen, Gustav Lidén, Sara Nyhlén, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2017, s. 55-62Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Sandberg, K.W.
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Lorentzen, L
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Relationship between performance-based and self-reported assessment of hand function in design of manageable packages2011Inngår i: Ergonomics for All: Celebrating PPCOE's 20 Years of Excellence - Selected Papers of the Pan-Pacific Conference on Ergonomics, PPCOE 2010, 2011, s. 611-614Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the design of manageable packages for customers with hand function problems, we were faced with the problem of deciding which assessment tool to use. No studies have been done to show the relationship between performance-based and self-reported assessment of hand function to management of packaging. The purpose of the current study is to examine the relation between a self-reported hand function measure and performance-based measurements. The participants consisted of 40 adults who have impaired hand function. The Grip Ability Test (GAT) and Grippit test and self-reported assessment questioner were administrated. The findings of this study showed a slightly correlation between performance-based and self-reported assessment of hand function, therefore, further research is needed in this area. © 2011 Taylor & Francis Group.

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