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  • 1.
    Arbuthnott, Andrew
    et al.
    Umeå School of Business and Economics, Umeå University, Umeå, SE-901 87, Sweden.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Entrepreneurial renewal in a peripheral region: the case of a winter automotive-testing cluster in Sweden2013In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 25, no 5-6, p. 371-403Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper generates new insights into renewal processes that may occur in peripheral regions. Key findings are presented from an explorative study on a regionally clustered automotive-testing industry, located in northern Sweden. The findings suggest that despite theoretically unfavourable conditions it is possible to progress regional industry after a peripheral setting's socio-economic relapses. Moreover, this research shows how, notwithstanding the importance of profitable service offerings, an entrepreneurial environment can be encouraged within a peripheral region and subsequent renewal achieved by advancing local networks, improving internationalization and enhancing local infrastructures related to a service-based regional industry. Consequently this research offers us a glimpse into a pioneering service-based renewal case which, in essence, differs from previously reported entrepreneurship scholarship.

  • 2. Backlund, I
    et al.
    von Fridrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nya samarbetsformer för utveckling av småföretagande i perifera regioner: Småföretagardagarna 20072007Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att öka kunskapen om hur små företag (främst solo- och microföretag) i gles- och landsbygder kan utvecklas och bidra till tillväxt med utgångspunkt från de särskilda betingelser som deras perifera läge skapar. Den genomförs med utgångspunkt i hur småskaliga matproducenter i Jämtlands län organiserar marknadsföring och distribution av sina produkter i syfte att vidga sina marknader och skapa gemensam tillväxt.

  • 3.
    Bernhard, Irene
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Women Entrepreneurs’ Participation in Local Tourism Networks in Sweden: a Pilot Study2016In: Uddevalla Symposium 2016. Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Bernhard, Irene, Trollhättan: University West , 2016, p. 257-267Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Bogren, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Arranging for social capital within development projects for women entrepreneurs2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Bogren, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Managing business network processes in women´s entrepreneurship – a challenging task2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Bogren, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Social capital in women´s entrepreneurship: designing projects for business growth2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bogren, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Trust building processes in women’s entrepreneurship2016In: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 70-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Social capital is perceived as an important driver for entrepreneurship. To support development of social capital in women's entrepreneurship, the Swedish government supports development projects with the aim of stimulating business growth. Recent studies show that trust is an essential ingredient when designing such projects. The purpose of this paper is to further develop a theoretical model of trust-building processes by developing and trying out questions regarding trust elements and to study how projects have addressed these various trust-building elements. Design/methodology/approach – An exploratory approach was used, and a survey was conducted. A questionnaire about trust was sent to the project leaders of all 165 development projects in a Swedish government-funded programme with a response rate of 73 per cent. The data were analysed in SPSS. Findings – The results show that contextual and relational aspects should be taken into account in the trust model, and that some of the questions regarding trust elements need to be elaborated more. Originality/value – This paper further develops the construction of a proposed theoretical model of trust-building processes.

  • 8.
    Bogren, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Rennemo, Øystein
    Högskolan i Nord Tröndelag, Norway.
    Widding, Lars Øystein
    Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Norway.
    Networking women entrepreneurs: fruitful for business growth2013In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 60-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the kinds of contacts and networks women find supportive in their role as business leaders, and which also support their willingness to grow their business. The approach is to investigate the context of women entrepreneurs and the kinds of supporting social networks of which they are part. This is seen in relation to their willingness to grow.

    Design/methodology/approach – Questionnaires were sent to women entrepreneurs in mid-Sweden and mid-Norway, relating to supportive assets and willingness for growth.

    Findings – The results show: that personal networks are seen as a more supportive asset than business networks; that personal contacts with other entrepreneurs are regarded as valuable; and that women entrepreneurs who are positive towards new networks already have a more heterogenic network than those who do not express this willingness.

    Practical implications – Without a relational attitude and a willingness to put oneself into a relational interplay, women entrepreneurs will have a hard time succeeding in growing their businesses.

    Originality/value – This study is unique in three ways: first, it combines different theoretical perspectives, above all a variety of network perspectives seen in an entrepreneurial context. Second, from a huge set of data containing women entrepreneurs, the paper presents valid findings about social network configurations among this group. Third, it introduces the term “willingness”, and discusses the effects related to this and to network expansion and business growth. These dimensions help us to increase the understanding of networking and growth in women-owned enterprises.

  • 9.
    Bogren, Maria
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rennemo, Øystein
    North Trøndelag University College.
    Widding, Øystein
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Networking women entrepreneurs: a fruitful base for business growth?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore what kinds of contacts and networks women see as supportive in their role as business leaders and for their willingness of business growth. Our approach is to investigate the context of women entrepreneurs’ and the various kinds of supporting social networks they are part of. Questionnaires were sent to women entrepreneurs in Mid-Sweden and Mid-Norway about supportive assets and willingness for growth. The result shows 1) that personal networks are seen as a more supportive asset than business networks, 2) that personal contacts with other entrepreneurs are regarded valuable and 3) that women entrepreneurs willing for new networking already have a more heterogenic network than those who don’t express this willingness. The contribution from this study is to provide more detailed insight into the kind of networking giving access to resources important for women leading businesses to grow.

  • 10.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Supportive measures to promote the establishment of companies2005In: The 18th Scandinavian Academy of Management, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Säterberg, Emelie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Beyond financial gain: socially motivated entrepreneurship2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Beyond the numbers: qualitative growth in women's businesses2012In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 289-315Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to investigate the growth of women's businesses from a qualitative perspective. The paper identifies strategic building blocks for defining a set of different growth platforms. Moreover, the paper investigates growth ambitions for women inside each identified "type" of growth platform and identifies critical motivation variables that can influence the decision to move from growing one business platform to growing another platform. Design/methodology/approach: The results are based on 191 women entrepreneurs. Data were analyzed by coding narrative statements from the survey into overarching themes for business platforms, descriptive frequency analysis and logistic regression analysis techniques. Findings: The paper discerned five different growth platforms and noticed intrinsic or extrinsic growth ambitions for platform growth. The extrinsic platforms are the most common, but all platforms can be characterized by equally high growth aspirations. Each of the identified platforms is associated with distinct and unique blocks that the women entrepreneurs try to put together and resolve in order to grow their companies. Women entrepreneurs move between the different platforms when the building blocks of previous platforms have been established and secured. Variables such as profits and ownership may explain such transfers of growth ambitions. Research limitations/implications: While acknowledging the qualitative growth of business platforms, the paper takes an approach that goes against the traditional view of quantitative growth. Originality/value: This study is a response to the lack of research on qualitative growth and women's entrepreneurship and suggests that the manifested qualitative growth can be in order to secure blocks on different business platforms.

  • 13.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden .
    Risk perception matters: why women's passion may not lead to a business start-up2015In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 87-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to explore whether nascent women entrepreneurs perceive more risks than men, and to determine how higher risk perceptions might limit start-up decisions by mediating the potential influence of passion and self-efficacy. Design/methodology/approach – This study surveyed 103 participants in Sweden – both women and men – who, in the period 2008 through 2011, intended to start a business. ANOVA tests and binominal logistic regression models were conducted to test hypothesized framework. Findings – The authors found that nascent women entrepreneurs perceive more risk than nascent male entrepreneurs, that risk perceptions influence start-up decisions and that risk preferences partial out the otherwise identified influence of passion on start-up decisions. Research limitations/implications – The authors reveal a consequence of gender socialization and how it impacts the start-up decisions of nascent women entrepreneurs. Support systems should consider developing activities that change the public's perception of who is an entrepreneur and seek ways to balance risk perceptions between men and women. Originality/value – The authors argue here that risk perceptions play a prominent role in start-up decisions. Specifically, they consider that nascent women entrepreneurs perceive more risks than men, and that their view of risk partials out any potential influence of their perceived passion and self-efficacy on their start-up decision.

  • 14.
    Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne von
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Handlingsnätverk för lokal utveckling - en studie av konkurrens och samarbete inom hotellgruppen i Östersund.2004In: Företagande och gemenskap: små företags kultur, samverkan och konkurrens, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2004, , p. 107-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Gawell, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Pierre, Anne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Societal entrepreneurship: a cross-boundary force for regional and local development cherished for multiple reasons2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 109-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on results from the findings in the cross-disciplinary project on societal entrepreneurship in sparsely populated areas (SESPA). Studies within this project that take their point of departure in the societal or community-based entrepreneurship literature demonstrate how different contextual aspects as well as different perspectives enhance the understanding of why societal entrepreneurship is important for regional and local surroundings and development. The analysis of the studies within the SESPA project reveals societal entrepreneurship as a multifaceted and complex phenomenon interrelated with the local context as well as with national and even global developments. It is a cross-boundary force for local and regional development. The sub studies emphasize different aspects in which societal entrepreneurship in conclusion can be understood as local responses to local challenges, the multiplication of organizational missions, as well as collective solutions to diverse goals. The analysis emphasizes an intertextual vision of a ‘positive development’ in which societal entrepreneurship combines entrepreneurial drives with societal aims. Furthermore, the analysis reveals different, even multiple, reasons why societal entrepreneurship is cherished by different actors engaged in or related to the development – in this case of a sparsely populated region.

  • 16.
    Kaime-Atterhög, Wanjiku
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The house of plenty - a social innovation model2017In: Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies, ISSN 2045-0621, Vol. 7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17. Lundström, Anders
    et al.
    Nordström, Carin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Hur kan mer effektiva stöd utformas för att få fram livskraftiga nya och unga företag?2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ur förordet:

    Ett stort intresse finns kring hur nya företag uppkommer och växer över tiden. Många insatser har gjorts under åren för att stimulera till ökat företagande. Rådgivning och olika typer av stödåtgärder har prövats under åren i avsikt att stimulera kvinnor och män att starta företag och att utveckla unga företag. Det råder dock fortfarande en stor skillnad mellan kvinnor och män avseende andel av antalet företagsstarter, där de företagande kvinnorna endast står för en tredejdel av samtliga företagsstarter i Sverige idag. Ändå startas fler företag av kvinnor idag än tidigare. Den företagsform som kvinnor i stor utsträckning startar är enskild firma medan män oftare startar i aktiebolagsform. Inkomsterna från företag som drivs av kvinnor är oftast relativt sett mycket lågainom den kreativa sektorn. En fråga som därför ställs är om det behövs förändringar i de stödinsatser som finns för att öka andelen kvinnor somstartarföretag. En annan fråga är om kvinnor har samma villkor som män när det gäller tillgång till rådgivning, finansiering och utvecklingsinsaster? Inom Mittuniversitetet har flera studier genomförts för att undersöka förutsättningar för kvinnor att starta och utveckla företag på samma villkor som män. Tidigare studier har visat att oavsett kön är start av företag förenat med risker för företagaren och fler väljer därför att kombinera företagsstarten med en löneanställning. En sådan väg till etablering av företag är en vanlig form för att starta företag med relativt låga risker. Däremot finns det studier som tyder på att det är förenat med svårigheter att gå ifrån att både vara anställd och företagare till att enbart bli företagare. Tillväxtverket har i uppdrag av regeringen att ta fram en strategi för hur och vilka insatser som kan göras för att främja kvinnor och mäns lika villkor att starta företag. Denna strategi ska överlämnas till regeringen under våren 2015 och ett syfte med den föreliggande rapporten är att bidra till denna strategi. Ett annat syfte är att belysa situationen i Stockholm, Sveriges mest urbana miljö, för kvinnor och män vilka startat företag 2011 respektive 2014. Vidare att jämföra hur situationen ser ut i denna miljö jämfört med tidigare liknande studier i andra miljöer. Inte minst för att kunna komma fram till möjliga åtgärder som kan övervägas för att förbättra situationen för nystartade företag. En av slutsatserna i denna rapport är att efterfrågan på olika insatser avseende rådgivning och information handlar om praktiska områden typ skatter, bokföring och redovisning. Däremotär efterfrågan begränsad för olika insatser som erbjuds av offentligt finansierade verksamheter. Att starta företag i Sverige idag är enkelt och informationen om hur man går tillväga är lätt att hitta, via t.ex. Verksamt.se eller Bolagsverket. Däremot krävs åtgärder för att öka tillväxttakten hos nystartade företag. Idag ser vi små förändringar hos företagen även sett ur ett flerårigt perspektiv. Specifikt gäller det för kvinnors nyföretagande som oftast som sagt sker genom bildande av enskilda firmor.

  • 18.
    Lundström, Anders
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Zhou, ChunyanITHI -International Triple Helix Institute, Palo Alto, USA.von Friedrichs, YvonneMid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.Sundin, ElisabethLinköpings universitet, Sweden.
    Social Entrepreneurship: Leveraging Economic, Political, and Cultural Dimensions2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This contributed volume features state-of-the-art research from ten different countries on implementation, institutionalization and the future prospects of social entrepreneurship. This volume aims at bringing together research that considers the context of economy, politics and cultural issues combining with the needs of social and human development. By conceptualizing the notion of social entrepreneurship and societal entrepreneurship, this volume aims to disseminate the numerous streams of research and theory of social entrepreneurship to educators, libraries, scholars, non-profit researchers, public policy makers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students, and any organization or person interested in staying abreast of advances in this area. It is also an important reference book for teachers, students and faculty interested in conducting research or teaching social entrepreneurship. ​

  • 19. Myhr Andersson, G.
    et al.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rosenberg, L.
    Slutrapport och Utvärdering av Nationellt Centrum för Småskalig Turism.1997Report (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Bernhard, Irene
    Högskolan Väst.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Approaches to inclusive networking in place development - an illustration from six smaller Scandinavian cities2018In: International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, ISSN 1753-0660, E-ISSN 1753-0679, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 259-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to further explore and deepen research in place development with focus on inclusive networking related to renewal processes in smaller harbour cities in Scandinavia. The results are based on a multiple case study comprising in-depth interviews with driving network actors, document studies and observations from six different harbour cities in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The research questions focus on the characteristics of networks and inclusiveness, knowledge sharing and renewal processes related to networking. This study illustrates different inclusive network approaches for place development. Smaller harbour cities are dynamic places for cross-sector collaboration and networking, although driving network actors struggle with underlying mechanisms related to network characteristics, inclusiveness and governance. Furthermore, findings stress that communication, a sharing culture, transparency and democratic values are vital to enable trust, knowledge sharing and legitimacy for inclusive networking in place development.

  • 21.
    Pierre, Anne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. LTU, Luleå, Sweden.
    A review of social entrepreneurship research2014In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions / [ed] Lundström, A; Zhou, C; von Friedrichs, Y; Sundin, E, Springer, 2014, p. 43-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Pierre, Anne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Entrepreneurship in society: a review and definition of community-based entrepreneurship research2014In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions / [ed] A Lindström; C Zhou; Y von Friedrichs; E Sundin, Springer, 2014, p. 239-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Polese, Francesco
    et al.
    Cassino University.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Perspectives of Service Science Research2010In: Impresa Ambiente Management, ISSN 1972-2036, Vol. 4, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Salman, Khalik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Macroeconomic Factors and Swedish Small and Medium-Sized Manufacturing Firm Failure2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper employs a time series cointegration approach to evaluate the relationship between manufacturing firm failure and macroeconomic factors for the Swedish manufacturing sector in the period 1986 – 2006. It uses quarterly data for this period. We found that in long run a firms’ failure is negatively related to the level of industrial activity, money supply, GNP and economic openness rate, and positively related to the real wage. Time series Error Correction Model (ECM) estimates suggest that macroeconomics risk factor impinge on firm failure on the sam direction in both the short run and the long run that adjustment to stabililise the relationship is quite slow.

  • 25.
    Salman, Khalik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Jönköping University.
    The Determinants of Failure of Small Manufacturing Firms: Assessing the Macroeconomic Factors2011In: International Business Research, ISSN 1913-9004, E-ISSN 1913-9012, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 22-32Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26. Skoglund, Wilhelm
    et al.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Creative industries, food and commercialization2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    An importance-performance analysis of sustainable tourism: A comparison between international and national tourists2013In: Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, ISSN 2212-571X, E-ISSN 2212-5752, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 14-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable tourism—with its focus on the economic, social, and environmental impact of tourism—has been an issue since the publication of the Brundtland Commission Report in 1987. The objective of this research paper is to use importance–performance analysis (IPA) to examine the performance of one particular tourist destination with regard to social and environmental sustainability, and to establish whether international tourists and national tourists differ in the sustainability factors they consider important. A quantitative questionnaire was handed out to national and international tourists at tourist offices in Bologna, Italy. The questionnaire contained scales to measure the tourists' satisfaction with the destination and their hotels from a sustainability point of view, and their views on the importance of such factors. The conclusion is that their opinions vary considerably: for example national tourists rank the environmental sustainability of their holiday destination more highly than do international tourists. The results of the study can be used by destination managers in Bologna and elsewhere to improve the sustainability factors that tourists think are most important, while other tourist destinations could also conduct similar studies to examine their sustainability performance.

  • 28.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Co-creation through an entrepreneurial training program focused on tourism, winter sport and outdoor products2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Åbo Akademi.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Enacting through higher education: creating social entrepreneurship in a ski resort?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Åbo Akademi.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Students' perception on an entrepreneurial education program2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today entrepreneurship is a popular research field within many different subject and areas. Within education, the research area is quite new and therefore interesting to study. Entrepreneurship education is widely used in business administration and has often wrong focus, it is about learning about the subject of entrepreneurship instead of becoming an entrepreneur. The aim with this study was to investigate what makes a higher education entrepreneurial from the students' perspective. The study was conducted as a case study on a newly started 1 year entrepreneurial education program in Åre, an education program run by Mid Sweden University.The data was collected through interviews with the students that studied the first and second year at the program. The result from the study is that it is a more creative education program compared to traditional education at higher education. Also, the students preferred more traditional education. Another conclusion is that the student liked that they were taught different subject within the program despite that there also was negativeaspects with it.

  • 31.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Åbo Akademi.
    Von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sustainable mass tourism destination: tourists in Bologna Italy2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sustainable Mass Tourism Destination Tourists’ perception of sustainability in Italy and Greece2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sustainable Tourism among Swedish Tourism Service Providers: Easy to Say but Difficult to Implement2014In: Uddevalla Symposium 2014: Geography of Growth / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, 2014, p. 307-316Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sustainable tourism among swedish tourism service providers: easy to say but difficult to implement2016In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 309-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research objective of this study was to investigate and analyse how Swedish tourism service providers present their work with sustainability. Data was collected from 48 randomly selected tourism service providers in Sweden, ranging from micro and small to medium-sized tourism service providers. The 48 different tourism service providers also offer different types of tourism services (e.g. tourist agency, stay, do and travel). The results show that the issues of sustainable tourism are present but that the scope is fairly small; focus is mainly on economic sustainability. There are some micro tourism service providers that are strongly focused on all three dimensions of sustainably, often offering some kind of nature-based tourism attraction. The medium-sized and small tourism service providers address the issues of environmental sustainability but in reality there is little action; sustainable tourism is more of a buzzword for the Swedish tourism service providers than concrete action.

  • 35.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Åbo Akademi.
    Von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sustainable tourism among swedish tourist producers: easy to say but difficult to implement2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    The view of mass tourists on sustainability values: comparison between two destinations2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable tourism has been on the agenda since the publication of the Brundtland Commission Report in 1987. The concept of sustainable tourism focuses on tourism from economic, social and environmental aspects. The objective of this research paper is to examine the performance of two mass tourism destinations with regard to sustainability. It analyzes which sustainability factors that are considered most important to tourists visiting those mass tourism destinations. Moreover, a comparison between the opinions of the national tourists with the ones of the international tourists as well as the data collected from the two destinations. A quantitative questionnaire was handed out to tourists at a number of tourist offices in Rimini, Italy, and on the island of Rhodes, Greece. The questionnaire contained scales measuring the tourists’ satisfaction with the destination and their hotels from a sustainability point of view. The tourists also graded the level of importance to those factors. The main conclusion of the paper is that there is a difference between the tourists’ view on sustainability value at the two mass tourism destinations.

  • 37.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Tourism as a driver for development in ski resorts in Sweden: Comparison between two destinations2013In: Uddevalla Symposium 2013: Innovation, high-growth entrepreneruship and regional development / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2013, p. 603-622Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Åbo Akademi.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Tourism development in ski resorts in Sweden2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Tourism service providers building strong brands through long lasting relationships?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Sörensson, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law. Åbo Akademi.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Tourists view on attributes for development at ski resorts in Sweden2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study was to investigate the tourists’level of satisfaction concerning different sustainabilityfactors on ski resort in Jämtland Sweden, in order tofind key attributes that can work as a driver for sustainabletourism development in the region. The data wascollected by quantitative questionnaires consisting of42 attributes that was graded on a likert scale from 1 to6. The questionnaire was handed out to tourists at skiresorts in the county of Jamtland in Sweden. The resultcan be used for tourist producers in order to develop thesustainability aspects on the destinations. The preliminaryresult also shows that tourists do not find sustainabilityissues important when choosing ski resort.

  • 41.
    von Bergmann-Winberg, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    von Friedrichs, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Political entrepreneurs, networking women entrepreneurs and business growth2016In: Political Entrepreneurship: Regional Growth and Entrepreneurial Diversity in Sweden / [ed] Karlsson, C., Silander, C. & Silander, D, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 124-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    von Freidrich Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Handlingsnätverk för lokal utveckling-en studie av konkurrens och samarbete inom hotellgruppen i Östersund: Högskolor och Samhälle i Samverkan (HSS05)2005Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 43.
    von Friedrich Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Co-operative Marketing in Local Competitor Networks: ANZMAC 20042004Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the author shows a case were local competitors co-operate in a horizontal marketing network to strengthen their own business development and competitive position and that of the community. From a qualitative study of a local hotel network in peripheral surroundings the importance of social capital and proximity in destination marketing is discussed as a contribution to a new logic for marketing.

  • 44.
    von Friedrich Grängsjö, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dalborg, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Asproth, Viveca
    Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Nyström, Christina Amcoff
    Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Forskningsprojektet Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling: Samverkande i handling mellan akademi, företag och offentlig sektor2007Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling är ett förstudieprojekt vars primära syfte är att undersöka förutsättningarna för ett interaktivt klimat och ett ömsesidigt kunskapsutbyte mellan Mittuniversitetet, företag och lokala beslutsfattare. Utgångspunkten i forskningsprojektet har varit föreställningen om att ett utökat samarbete mellan Mittuniversitetet, de små- och medelstora företagen (SMF) i regionen och lokala myndigheter har en positiv inverkan på regionens, företagens och studenternas utveckling. Forskningsfrågan har varit under vilka omständigheter samverkan kan stimuleras så att en dynamisk ekonomisk, social och ekologisk hållbar utveckling kan ske i småföretagarmiljö. Projektet har genom det handlingsinriktade arbetssätt som använts kunnat bidra till en ökad dialog och samverkan mellan aktörerna inom projektet. Projektet har även bidragit till ökade kontaktytor för projektdeltagarna och deras intressenter. Att generera enklare ingångar i forskarvärlden som gör det möjligt att snabbt hitta rätt forskare för att lösa aktuella process-, produktions- eller produktutvecklingsproblem har konstaterats vara ett område som behöver utvecklas betydligt. Rapportens avsikt är att belysa projektets interaktiva och handlingsinriktade metod samt att lyfta fram småföretagens uppfattning om vilka förutsättningar som påverkar hur samverkansprocesser kan stimuleras mellan Universitet och klusterlika småföretagsmiljöer.

  • 45.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Arena för hållbar innovativ småföretagsutveckling: Akademi Norr2006Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Presentation av ett pågående forskningsprojekt

  • 46.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Case Writing: Sjutton cases från en workshop med Jim Erskine1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 47.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Destination Networking.: Academy of Marketing 7th Annual Research Symposium on the Marketing /Entrepreneurship Interface, Oxford, 9-11 januari.2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 48.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Destination Networking: co-opetition in a ski resort.: 16:e Nordiska Företagsekonomiska Ämneskonferensen, Uppsala, 16-18 augusti.2001Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 49.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Destination Networking: co-opetition in a ski resort.: The 8th International Colloquium in Relationship Marketing, Stockholm, 6-9 december.2000Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 50.
    von Friedrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Destination networking: co-opetition in peripheral surroundings.2002In: Co-operation & competition: C & C : "co-opetition" : approaches to the organization of the future : International Conference on Co-operation & Competition (2 : 2002 : Växjö), 2002Conference paper (Other scientific)
123 1 - 50 of 129
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