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  • 1.
    Sundelin, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Tillräcklig tilläggsisolering: En studie om att uppfylla BBR kraven enligt 9.92 och vilka följdeffekter det har på den relativa ånghalten i konstruktionen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report will examine at which the thickness of the additional insulation must be to meet the Swedish building regulations (BBR) requirements on energy management for a specific building element. Construction parts will be taken from the Energy Agency’s report on the additional insulation. The selected parts are the building's exterior walls constructed of wood stud type with facades of wood paneling and ventilated air space beneath, the insulation consists of either woodchips or mineral-wool. The attic is considered as an outdoor-ventilated space with an unprotected insulation layer towards the free air in the attic. Attic has a beam distance of s1200 mm and insulation material is either woodchips or mineral wool. Additional insulation will consist of mineral-wool panels for exterior wall constructions and loos mineral-wool grains for the attic. The computational tools that will be used to check the effects of adding insulation in regard to the moisture, general moisture calculations thru the normal values method selected and by steam resistance calculated values for the vapor content in the layers between different building materials. For the calculation of the U value, calculations of the heat transfer resistance will be used and the approximations to the total resistance will be calculated using both lambda and U-value method to get as close to the real answer as possible. The results show that U-value drops when the insulation thickness increases. At the same time, the temperature in the initial design increases, which means that the relative humidity decreases. The additional insulation of wall structures met BBR's requirements at 120 mm insulation with mineral-wool. The attic floor met the requirements at 150 mm independently of the basic design. In the cases of the attics the improvements in the U-values are so small at 250 to 300 mm and 300 to 350 mm that depending on the design the change in U-values can not be shown in regards to the requirements of two decimal U-values. While the isolation amount increases, the relative vapor content decreases.

     

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