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  • 1.
    Aaby, Jovanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Entreprenörskap i Sverige och Japan: En komparativ studie utifrån GEM 20072011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose with this thesis has been to compare entrepreneurship in Sweden and in Japan. It has also been to get a wider understanding why two so different countries both have a low level of entrepreneurship compared to other countries. Since the subject is wide I have chosen to delimitate to data from GEM 2007.

    Methodology: In this thesis I have compared entrepreneurship in Sweden and in Japan. This I have done by obtaining secondary data from GEM’s report from 2007. My approach in this thesis has foremost been abductive. 

    Theoretical perspectives: Wennekers (2006) have studied the U-shape curve that occurs when you put entrepreneurship in relation to economic growth. Countries tend to go from a high level of entrepreneurship to a low level when they go from agricultural economy to an industrial economy. Then they tend to go up again when they reach a advanced level of economic development. However countries seem to differ when it comes to entrepreneurship despite this relation and the differences seems to be lasting. Wennekers (a.a.) believe that these differences has to do with cultural differences rather than economics differences since cultural differences are relatively immutable over time.

    Empirical foundation: GEM stands for Global Entrepreneurship Monitor and is a not-for-profit academic research consortium. Their goal is to make international research of high quality about entrepreneurial activity in the world that is able to reach a wide public. GEM’s study is the biggest study in the world about entrepreneurial activity and started 1999. In this thesis I have used data from GEM’s report from 2007, which is the latest report with both Sweden and Japan.

    Conclusions: In a comparison between Japan and Sweden I have found some similarities but mostly differences. This suggests that there are no simple answers to a low level of entrepreneurship in a country. However, in my opinion, I think that the national experts were right to put government policies as the biggest problem for Sweden and Cultural, Social norms as Japan’s biggest problem.

  • 2. Aamodt, A.
    et al.
    Gundersen, O. E.
    Loge, J. H.
    Wasteson, Elisabet
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Szczepanski, T.
    Case-based reasoning for assessment and diagnosis of depression in palliative care2010In: Proceedings - IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, 2010, 480-485 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of the research presented is to create a computational framework and system architecture for clinical decision support in palliative care. The application focused is the classification of depression. The method under investigation is case-based reasoning, motivated by the complexity of the domain and a lack of generalized principles of sufficient coverage and strength for diagnosis and treatment. A system architecture is described and exemplified through an implemented prototype. The outcome of the research so far is a system that captures the properties intended, and for which a clinical test set-up has been defined. © 2010 IEEE.

  • 3.
    Abbasi, Seyed H
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    De Leon, AP
    Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Intitutet, Sweden.
    Kassaian, SE
    Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Karimi.,, AA
    Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Soares, Joaquim J. F.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gender Differences in the Risk of Coronary Artery Disease in Iran2012In: Iranian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 0304-4556, Vol. 41, no 3, 36-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Given gender differences in the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), the present study sought to investigate these dissimilarities amongst patients who underwent angiography at a major, tertiary heart hospital in Iran. Methods: Between 2005 and 2010, 44,820 patients who underwent coronary angiography were enrolled in a registry. Pre-procedural data such as demographics, CAD risk factors, presenting symptoms, and laboratory tests, as well as postprocedural data were collected. The data were, subsequently, compared between the men and women. Results: Out of the 44,820 patients (16,378 women), who underwent coronary angiography, 37,358 patients (11,995 women) had CAD. Amongst the CAD patients, the females were not only significantly older, less educated, and more overweight than were the males but also had higher levels of triglyceride, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, highdensity lipoprotein, and fasting blood sugar (P< 0.001). Of all the risk factors, hypertension and diabetes mellitus showed the strongest association in our female CAD patients (OR=3.45, 95%CI: 3.28-3.61 and OR=2.37, 95%CI: 2.26- 2.48, respectively). Acute coronary syndrome was more prevalent in the men (76.1% vs. 68.6%, P< 0.001), and chronic stable angina was more frequent in the females (31.4% vs. 23.9%, P< 0.001). With respect to post-procedural recommendations, the frequency of recommendations for non-invasive modalities was higher in the females (20.1% vs. 18.6%, P< 0.001). Conclusion: Hypertension and diabetes mellitus had the strongest association with CAD in our female patients. In the extensive CAD patients, medical treatment was recommended to the women more often.

  • 4.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hellgren, Carina
    Internationella programkontoret.
    Working conditions for female and immigrant cleaners in Stockholm county: An intersectional approach2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hellgren, Carina
    International Programme Office.
    Working Conditions for Female and Immigrant Cleaners in Stockholm County: An Intersectional Approach2012In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 2, no 3, 161-181 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sarkadi, Anna
    Instititutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa vid Uppsala universitet.
    Working together: A study on co-produced parenting support services in a Swedish municipality2012In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 30, no 4, 129-148 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Impact of Owner and Firm Characteristics on External Capital Acquisition at Start-up: Empirical Evidences from Swedish Data2012In: International Business Research, ISSN 1913-9004, Vol. 5, no 12, 19-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates whether owner and firm characteristics influence the use of external financing sources among Swedish small-owned firms at start-up stage. Several methods, including multinomial binary logistic regression have been employed to analyse a unique and comprehensive firm-level database, consisting of 2,814 firms gathered through interviews. The results show that three variables, i.e., loans from family members and friends, bank debt and funding from angel investors, are significant in distinguishing between Swedish native and immigrant-owned firms in the acquisition of financial sources in start-up. In addition, immigrant-owned firms tend to relay more on informal financial sources e.g. loan from family member, friends and angel investors, and less on bank loan. Furthermore, whereas, ethnicity influences the change of all these four variables significantly, gender merely affects loans from family members. Other variables, such as the owners’ age, prior experience in business, education, having an additional job beside one’s own business, the amount of personal start-up capital and firm size, as well as legal form and industry affiliation are partly important to explain the acquisition use of external capital at start-up stage.

  • 8.
    Abel, Maxime
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Impact of Working Capital Management on Cash Holdings: A Quantitative Study of Swedish Manufacturing SMEs2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact of working capital management on cash holdings of small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises in Sweden. The aim of this work is to theoretically derive significant factors related to working capital management which have an influence on the cash level of SMEs and test these in a large sample of Swedish manufacturing SMEs. The theoretical framework for this study consists of a treatise of motives for holding cash, working capital management and cash level. From these theoretical findings, two hypotheses are deduced:

    • H1: Cash holdings are negatively related to the presence of cash substitutes

    • H2: Cash holdings are positively related to working capital management efficiency

    The quantitative investigation consists of the statistical analysis – namely comparison of means and correlation analysis – of key figures which are calculated from the financial statements of a large sample of firms. The dataset contains 13,287 Swedish manufacturing SMEs of the legal form ‘Aktiebolag’. Both hypotheses are confirmed by the results. Empirical evidence is presented which substantiates the supposition that the presence of cash substitutes – namely inventory and accounts receivable – entails lower cash holdings. Furthermore, it is confirmed that working capital management efficiency – measured by the cash conversion cycle – is positively related to cash level. The discussion of the empirical findings pays regard to the different subordinate components of both cash substitutes and working capital management efficiency. Implications of the detected findings are highlighted with respect to their potential utility for the achievement and maintenance of a firm’s target cash level.

  • 9.
    Ackrén, Maria
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Olausson, Pär M
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Condition(s) for Island Autonomy2008In: International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, ISSN 1385-4879, E-ISSN 1571-8115, Vol. 15, no 2-3, 227-258 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The inquiry is focusing on why island autonomy occurs. Our point of departure considers four possible conditions such as geographical distance, ethnicity, GDP/capita and size according to population leading towards island autonomy. We use two sample groups in our study: one encompassing autonomous islands deriving from different parts of the world, with three main islands illustrating what we mean by island autonomy. These consist of the Azores, the Faroe Islands and Isle of Man. The second group consists of so called non-autonomous islands scattered around the world. The analysis is carried out with a specific technique within the Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) family and that is Multi-Value QCA (MVQCA). MVQCA is an extension of the Crisp-Set QCA (CSQCA) and withholds a dichotomous dependent variable, while the possible explanatory variables (independent variables) can have multi-values. As a second technique Fuzzy-Set QCA (FSQCA) is employed as a control technique only. While assessing these techniques we receive combinations of conditions leading to the outcome in question. Results show that with MVQCA we receive four different paths towards island autonomy. Ethnicity as the only explanation is one route towards the outcome. A second path is small or large size. Long geographical distance combined with no ethnic diversity is a third way towards island autonomy. The fourth path is long geographical distance combined with the lower or upper middle income group. All the paths are equally valid.

  • 10.
    Adongo, Dorcus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    THE PROS AND CONS OF WORKING IN TEMPORARY AGENCY WORK: CASE OF WORKER PERSPECTIVE INTHE SWEDISH LABOUR MARKET2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This thesis aims at exploring some of the possibilities,opportunities and challenges within the temporary agency work sector from boththe regular and the temporary agency workers points of view within the Swedish labourmarket. Background: Temporary agency work sector in the past two decadeshas been a fast growing sector that has got many young people into the labourmarket. With the current changes in the global economy, many organizations areturning more to these organizations to enable them adapt to changes in theirenvironment. In Sweden for instance, the growth and development of this sectorhas primarily been due to the constantly increasing rates of unemployment,massive job losses and also as a result of de-regulation of labour regulations. Methodology: A quantative survey was carried out using structuredquestionnaires in three companies that largely engage in hiring of temporaryworkers.  A total of 137 regular andtemporary agency workers, took part in the survey which was conducted through aweb-survey to e-mail addresses provided by client companies and temporary work agenciesand for those who had no access to e-mail received the questionnaires duringstaff meetings. Findings: Majorityof those engaged in this sector are young people of ages between 20 and 30years old, with high school education level and not married but maybe livingwith girlfriend or boyfriend. It resulted that many see these sectors asoffering an entry point into the labour market through which they feelrecognized and hopefully can advance their careers. Although all that glittersis not gold, those who work within this sector are also faced with variouschallenges that make it more of a stepping stone work place such as lack ofcontrol, complex interpersonal, insecurity and being treated as commodities andthe inability to decide when, where and how to work, with very little or nocontrol of when they can take off. Conclusion: On testing thehypothesis in relation to the possibilities, opportunities and challenges ofworking in the sector, it was not very obvious within the sector that ingeneral the regular staff had more favourable conditions than the temporary,but it did vary from one situation to the other and more often than not theyhad similar conditions. For instance, individualized flexibility was equallynot easy to achieve by the employees within the two groups.

    Keywords; Temporary Agency Work, Temporary Agency workers, Client Company, Regular/ordinarystaff, Motivation

  • 11.
    Agnevik, Kajsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tovle, Mathias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Finns det ett samband mellan utnyttjandegraden avfriskvårdsförmåner och de anställdas upplevda arbetsmotivation?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På många arbetsplatser sker idag olika typer av friskvårdssatsningar i syfte att få friskare medarbetare med hög arbetskapacitet och som är motiverade i sitt arbete. Studiens primära syfte var att undersöka om utnyttjandegraden av friskvårdsförmånerna har en positiv effekt på den upplevda arbetsmotivationen. Författarna ämnade även att sekundärt kartlägga inledningarna till varför de anställda inte utnyttjar friskvårdsförmånerna fullt ut. En enkätstudie genomfördes på en avdelning hos Försäkringskassan i Östersund. Totalt deltog 109 respondenter. Data analyserades med hjälp av korrelationer, t-test, regressionsanalys samt variansanalys. Resultaten visar attutnyttjandegraden av friskvårdsförmåner inte har någon märkbar effekt på den upplevda arbetsmotivationen. De anställda utnyttjar friskvårdsförmånerna i relativt stor utsträckning och den upplevda arbetsmotivationen är förhållandevis hög. Friskvårdsförmånerna bedöms vara en väsentlig del av arbetsförhållandet och kan i enlighet med Herzbergs motivationsteori ses som en hygienfaktor.

  • 12.
    Agné, Alvin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ruokanen, Maiju
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Revisionsbyråers kvalité: en studie om Going Concern-varningar och anmärkningar på finansiell stress2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The international accuracy of Going Concern-warnings (GC-warnings) is as low as 40 percent, although studies show the accuracy is even lower in Sweden, under 20 percent. The four biggest accounting firms in the world advertise their knowledge of industry and a number of studies say that they have higher audit quality than the smaller firms. Meanwhile there are studies that claim that there are no differences in quality between them and the smaller firms. In this study we aim to test if the large firms have higher auditing quality than the medium and small firms and to test if there is any difference within the three categories. We measure quality as GC-warnings and a remark on financial stress (a remark on the equity being lower than 50 percent of the share capital). The study is quantitative and our data consists of 4718 limited companies, and 1809 financially stressed limited companies, which went bankrupt 2010. We measured the GC-warning accuracy to 17 percent and the remark on financial stress to 82 percent by using a Chi square test. We used the same test but added P-value to check the strength on the rest of the results. There is a very strong connection between the share of GC-warnings and the size of the accounting firm. There is also a very strong connection between the share of GC-warnings and the different firms within the large category. However there was only a weak connection between the different firms within the medium size and no connection at all within the small category. There is no connection at all between remarks on financial stress and either the firm size or within the firm size categories. According to our results, large audit firms have higher audit quality than medium and small firms concerning GC-warnings, but there are no differences between and within the categories concerning remarks on financial stress. We also find that quality concerning GC-warnings is not homogeneous between the different audit firms within each category. Our conclusions are that the accuracy on GC-warnings is low but it could increase if the auditors complement imponderable information with verifiable information and if methods for GC-judgments were established. The audit quality within large firms is not homogeneous which may be due to that the different audit firms within the categories use different ways to work, which causes differences in audit quality.

  • 13.
    Agné, Alvin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ruokanen, Maiju
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Revisorers benägenhet att lämna orena revisionsberättelser och Going Concern-varningar: kopplingar till demografiska faktorer2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Andelen orena revisionsberättelser och Going Concern-varningar (GC-varningar) ligger enligt tidigare studier mellan 60 och 68 procent respektive 12 och 20 procent bland svenska aktiebolag som gått i konkurs. Fenomenet förklaras vanligen som nära kopplat till negativa konsekvenser, som bolaget, revisorn och bolagets intressenter kan komma att utsättas för vid en oren revisionsberättelse eller GC-varning. Flera förklaringar bortser från demografiska faktorer, som också kan spela en roll i sammanhanget. Syftet med denna studie är att kartlägga andelen orena revisionsberättelser och GC-varningar samt att pröva om det finns samband mellan utvalda demografiska faktorer (revisorers kön, revisorers kompetens, revisorers arbetsbelastning samt revisorers arbetsplats) och andelen orena revisionsberättelser och GC-varningar, samt klargöra hur starka dessa eventuella samband är. Vi utförde studien kvantitativt utifrån material från ett forskningsprojekt i företagsekonomi på Mittuniversitetet i Sundsvall. Våra data omfattar 3101 aktiebolag, som gått i konkurs år 2010 mellan perioden 01-01 till 08-31. Vi har genom statistiska undersökningar med Chi 2 test kommit fram till att träffsäkerheten för orena revisionsberättelser är 66 procent och GC-varningar ligger på 16 procent. Med hjälp av Chi 2 test och P-värde har vi kommit fram till våra resultat angående sambanden. Vi finner inget som tyder på att kvinnor utfärdar fler orena revisionsberättelser eller GC-varningar än män. Vi finner inte heller något stöd för att auktoriserade revisorer utfärdar fler orena revisionsberättelser än godkända revisorer, men ett visst stöd gällande GC-varningar. Vi ser ett starkt samband mellan räkenskapsåret 12-31 och orena revisionsberättelser men inget samband gällande GC-varningar. Det finns inte heller något samband mellan de sju största revisionsbyråerna i Sverige och orena revisionsberättelser respektive GC-varningar enligt vår studie. Våra slutsatser i studien är att träffsäkerheten på GC-varningar är låg och vi ifrågasätter om det ska vara revisorers uppgift att utfärda sådana varningar. Om detta fortsatt ligger hos revisorn att bedöma, skulle träffsäkerheten kunna öka om andelen auktoriserade revisorer ökade. En eventuell borttagning av viss lagstiftning kan behövas för att eventuellt öka spridningen på arbetsbörda för revisorer och förbättra revisionens kvalité.

  • 14. Ahlgren, Michael
    et al.
    Nilsson, Per Åke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Rylenius, Karin
    Högertrafik och massturism: En betraktelse över folkomröstningar och deras betydelse1995Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En betraktelse över folkomröstningar och deras betydelse.

  • 15.
    Ahlström, Richard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Debt2011In: Encyclopedia of consumer culture / [ed] Southerton, Dale, New York: Sage Publications, 2011, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Ahlström, Richard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The emotional impact of severe debts on the individual2007In: Proceedings of the Nordic Policy Research Conference 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Ahlström, Richard
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Savemark, Mattias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dödsfall under och efter skuldsanering2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Konsumentverket har enligt skuldsaneringslagen (SFS 2006:548) uppdrag att stödja och vägleda den budget- och skuldrådgivning som kommunerna skall svara för. Detta innefattar bland annat utbildning, metodutveckling, kunskapsbyggande och information samt utvärdering. Som ett led i detta har verket initierat en utvärdering av verksamheten från, såväl ett gäldenärsperspektiv som ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv. Föreliggande rapport är en del av en kommande större rapport rörande bl.a. ekonomi och hälsoaspekter i samband med överskuldsättning och skuldrådgivning i kommunerna. Författare är docent Richard Ahlstöm och forskningsassistent Mattias Savemark. De slutsatser och ståndpunkter som redovisas här är författarnas egna och de ansvarar för delrapportens riktighet och innehåll.

  • 18.
    Alajoutsijärvi, Kimmo
    et al.
    Univ Oulu, Sch Business, Dept Mkt, POB 4600, Oulu 90401, Finland .
    Klint, Mats B.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tikkanen, Henrikki
    Customer relationship strategies and the smoothing of Industry-Specific Business Cycles: The Case of the Global Fine Paper Industry2001In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, Vol. 30, no 6, 487-497 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to argue for the importance of customer relationship strategies in smoothing industry-specific business cycles. We use the global fine paper industry as an example of an industry renowned for its drastic, seemingly uncontrollable business cycles. As in so many other global industries producing upstream, commodity products such as steel, copper, or sawn goods, dramatic price fluctuations are a reality for managers in both supplying and buying organizations in the fine pager industry. In this article, a representative case of one business cycle is described and analyzed to illustrate the empirical phenomenon in a real-life setting. We use some specific concepts and frameworks developed in industrial marketing research to further understanding of the underlying logic behind business relationships that enhances cyclicality in the industry. Furthermore. these concepts also give insights into the smoothing of industry-specific business cycles through the application of more explicit, cooperative customer relationship strategies. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 19.
    Alem, Yonas
    et al.
    Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik, Göteborgs universitet.
    Köhlin, Gunnar
    Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik, Göteborgs universitet.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Persistence of Subjective Poverty in Urban Ethiopia2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using panel data spanning 15 years, this paper  investigates the persistence and correlates of subjective and consumption  poverty in urban Ethiopia. Despite the decline in consumption poverty in  recent years, which has been linked to rapid economic growth, subjective  poverty has remained largely unchanged. Dynamic probit regression results  show that households with a history of past poverty continue to perceive  themselves as poor even if their material consumption improves. Our results  also suggest that the relative economic position of households is a strong  determinant of subjective poverty, and having at least some type of  employment reduces the likelihood that households will perceive themselves  as poor, even if they remain in objective poverty. Receiving remittances  from abroad, on the other hand, does not reduce perceived poverty, even if  it raises material consumption. We argue that any analysis to measure the  impact of growth on welfare should encompass subjective measures as  well.

  • 20.
    Alirani, Gertrud
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Miljöhänsyn vid offentliga upphandlingar: En fallstudie på tre kommuner i Sverige2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att ta reda på om skillnader finns i hur stora miljöhänsyn som tas vid offentliga upphandlingar i kommuner där en aktiv miljöstrategi finns integrerad i förvaltningarna än i kommuner där de inte integrerats.

    Jag har utfört en fallstudie på tre kommuner i Sverige där jag kvantitativt samt kvalitativt jämfört förfrågningsunderlag från tre typer av offentliga upphandlingar. Den kvantitativa undersökningen har utgått från Miljöstyrningsrådets och Vägverkets kriteriedokument som ger rekommendationer för hur miljökrav kan ställas vid offentliga upphandlingar.

    Utifrån tidigare teorier om hur institutioner över tid formar normer och värderingar samt påverkar individers handlingar har jag utformat tre hypoteser där slutsatsen kunde dras att en av hypoteserna stämde. Jag kom fram till att oavsett om kommunen hade integrerat en aktiv miljöstrategi eller inte syns inga större skillnader i hur stora miljöhänsyn som tas vid offentliga upphandlingar.

     

  • 21.
    Alirani, Gertrud
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ge uppmärksamhet eller ignorera?: En studie i medias och de etablerade partiernas agerande gentemot sverigedemokraterna2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 22.
    Allmungs, Lina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Noréus Magnéli, Sara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Det balanserade styrkortets utbredning bland jämtländska företag2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Magisteruppsats i företagsekonomi, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund

    Författare: Lina Allmungs och Sara Noréus Magnéli

    Handledare: Jan Hemlin

    Titel: Det balanserade styrkortets utbredning bland jämtländska företag

    Bakgrund och problemdiskussion: De senaste två decennierna har den traditionella ekonomistyrningen fått allt mer kritik. Anledningen är att det idag råder andra förhållanden än när den traditionella ekonomistyrningen utvecklades. Kritiken mot den traditionella ekonomistyrningen ledde till att de båda Harvardprofessorerna Robert S Kaplan och David P Norton i början på 1990-talet utvecklade ett nytt koncept under namnet Balanced Scorecard (balanserat styrkort). De traditionella redovisningsmässiga mätningarna fungerade bra under industrialiseringen men i dagens läge är de i otakt med den skicklighet och kompetens som företag försöker att uppnå. Företagen måste därmed eftersträva en balanserad prestation av de finansiella och operationella mätningarna för att få en snabb och överskådlig bild av verksamheten.

    Ovanstående diskussion leder fram till följande frågeställningar:

    •Hur utbrett är det balanserade styrkortet bland Jämtländska företag?

    •Vilka perspektiv och nyckeltal tillämpas?

    Syfte: Studiens syfte var att beskriva och förklara i vilken utsträckning företag i Jämtland använder sig av det balanserade styrkortet. Vi ville undersöka om bransch, antal anställda, omsättning samt årets resultat efter finansnetto har inverkan på valet av att implementera det balanserade styrkortet i verksamheten. Syftet var även att beskriva vilka perspektiv och nyckeltal företagen använder sig av.

    Metod: Ett deduktivt (beskrivande) tillvägagångssätt användes, där vi utgick från kända teorier i ett försök att finna en förståelse för att kunna testa fenomenet empiriskt. Vi ansåg att kvantitativ metod lämpade sig bäst för vår undersökning då vi ville nå ut till en stor del av företagen. Kvalitativa inslag förekom då den kvantitativa forskningen genom en enkät hade inslag av verbala analysmodeller.

    Resultat och slutsats: Användarna av det balanserade styrkortet runt om i världen inkluderar alla typer av företag. Studier visar även att det balanserade styrkortet är utbrett bland företag i Sverige. Styrkort använder vissa generella nyckeltal som speglar mål som är gemensamma för många strategier och oberoende av bransch och företag. Utifrån vår studies resultat anser vi oss kunna hävda att det balanserade styrkortet inte används i någon större utsträckning bland företag i Jämtlands län. Däremot anser vi oss inte kunna dra några generella slutsatser om vilka perspektiv och nyckeltal som är mest frekvent använda hos företagen.

  • 23.
    Almén, Niclas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Återhämtningsfokuserad stresshantering: Praktiskt och teoretisk bakgrund, samt två pilotstudier2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Almén, Niclas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Stress- och utmattningsproblem: Kognitiva och beteendeterapeutiska metoder2007 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Almén, Niclas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    KBT-rehabilitering för stress, ångest och depression: Preliminära resultat2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Domalewski, D
    Romild, Ulla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Physical activity, health, body mass index, sleeping habits and bodycomplaints in Australian senior high school students2008In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 20, no 4, 501-512 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents in the industrial world are becoming less physically active and are increasingly adopting a sedentary life-style in front of computers and television screens. OBJECTIVE: to determine self-related health, physical activity, sleeping habits, prevalence of overweight, and body complaints in Australian senior high school students. METHODS: Participants were 466 high school students aged 15-17 years enrolled in academic and vocational programs. A questionnaire was completed at two senior high schools with questions about weight and height, health, physical activity, type of physical activity/sport, intensity, sleeping habits, and possible injuries or complaints during the last three months. RESULTS: Seventy seven percent of the high school students participated in sports on a regular basis. Compared with vocational programs, more males and females in academic programs participated in sports (71% and 80% respectively) (p = .036). Males reported significantly better health than females (p < .0001). 65% of the study group reported body complaints during the last 3 months. A higher number of females than males reported complaints about the back (p = .007) and the hip (p = .05). Good sleep was reported in 82.1% of males and in 76.6% of females. In males, 44.3% were often sleepy in the daytime (females 56.6%, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Underweight, physical activity and good sleep are factors with significant positive effect on good health, whereas overweight is a negative factor. Proper sleep habits and higher physical activity levels should be promoted among high school students, and TV viewing time and video game use restricted. Additionally, schools should provide opportunities for young people to participate in a wider range of physical activities that address their individual needs while promoting the health benefits of engaging in regular exercise.

  • 27.
    Alström, Börje
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Höglund, Lars
    Effektiva nätverk för små företag: projektrapport nr 11995Report (Other academic)
  • 28. Alvinius, A
    et al.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, G
    Structure versus freedom of action: Leadership during the rescue operation following the 2004 tsunami2010In: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, Vol. 7, no 3-4, 304-322 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical understanding of leadership during a complex rescue operation following a major disaster in a foreign country. The analysis followed a grounded theory approach. Seventeen informants from three Swedish authorities were interviewed on leadership in the emergency handling of the 2004 tsunami in Southeast Asia. A theoretical conceptualisation was developed which includes three superior categories: antecedent conditions, situational constraints and core aspects of leadership. Within the last-mentioned superior category a core variable was identified: a balance between the need for structure and the need for freedom. Leaders who strive to create structure at the expense of freedom of action are less inclined to delegate and more likely to wear themselves out. Conversely, those who strive to create great freedom of action bypass many links in the organisational chain, thus 'short-circuiting' the organisation as a whole.

  • 29.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolann.
    The Inadequacy of an Ordinary Organisation: Organisational Adaption to Crisis through Planned and Spontaneous Link2010In: International Journal of Organisational Behaviour, ISSN 1440-5377, Vol. 15, no 1, 87-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency response organisations face the challenge of having a bureaucratic structure and meeting extreme situations where predefined directives cannot cover all possible emerging contingencies. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the concept of links within the framework of emergency response agencies during severely demanding operations. The empirical data are based on fifty in-depth interviews from three crisis events. The results suggest that collaboration during crisis management is facilitated by two types of links—planned and spontaneous—and both can act vertically and horizontally. The results imply an elaboration of the organizational concept boundary spanners.

  • 30.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Organisational and Individual Leadership Challenges During the Rescue Operation Following the 2004 Tsunami2012In: Tsunami: Analysis of a Hazard - From Physical Interpretation to Human Impact / [ed] Gloria I. Lopez, InTech, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31. Amsberg, Susanne
    et al.
    Anderbro, Therese
    Wredling, Regina
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lins, Per-Eric
    Adamson, U
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    A cognitive behavior therapy-based intervention among poorly controlled adult type 1 diabetes patients--a randomized controlled trial.2009In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, Vol. 77, no 1, 72-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)-based intervention on HbA(1c), self-care behaviors and psychosocial factors among poorly controlled adult type 1 diabetes patients. METHODS: Ninety-four type 1 diabetes patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group or a control group. The intervention was based on CBT and was mainly delivered in group format, but individual sessions were also included. All subjects were provided with a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) during two 3-day periods. HbA(1c), self-care behaviors and psychosocial factors were measured up to 48 weeks. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed with respect to HbA(1c) (P<0.05), well-being (P<0.05), diabetes-related distress (P<0.01), frequency of blood glucose testing (P<0.05), avoidance of hypoglycemia (P<0.01), perceived stress (P<0.05), anxiety (P<0.05) and depression (P<0.05), all of which showed greater improvement in the intervention group compared with the control group. A significant difference (P<0.05) was registered with respect to non-severe hypoglycemia, which yielded a higher score in the intervention group. CONCLUSION: This CBT-based intervention appears to be a promising approach to diabetes self-management. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Diabetes care may benefit from applying tools commonly used in CBT. For further scientific evaluation in clinical practice, there is a need for specially educated diabetes care teams, trained in the current approach, as well as cooperation between diabetes care teams and psychologists trained in CBT.

  • 32. Amsberg, Susanne
    et al.
    Anderbro, Therese
    Wredling, Regina
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lins, Per-Eric
    Adamson, Ulf
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Experience from a behavioural medicine intervention among poorly controlled adult type 1 diabetes patients2009In: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, ISSN 0168-8227, Vol. 84, no 1, 76-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To describe experience from a behavioural medicine intervention among poorly controlled adult type 1 diabetes patients, in terms of feasibility, predictors and associations of improved glycaemic control. Methods Data were collected on 94 poorly controlled adult type 1 diabetes patients who were randomised to a study evaluating the effects of a behavioural medicine intervention. Statistics covered descriptive and comparison analysis. Backward stepwise regression models were used for predictive and agreement analyses involving socio-demographic and medical factors, as well as measures of diabetes self-efficacy (DES), diabetes locus of control (DLOC), self-care activities (SDSCA), diabetes-related distress (Swe-PAID-20), fear of hypoglycaemia (HFS), well-being (WBQ), depression (HAD) and perceived stress (PSS). Results The participation rate in the study was 41% and attrition was 24%. Of those patients actually participating in the behavioural medicine intervention, 13% withdrew. From the regression models no predictors or associations of improvement in HbA1c were found. Conclusions The programme proved to be feasible in terms of design and methods. However, no clear pattern was found regarding predictors or associations of improved metabolic control as the response to the intervention. Further research in this area is called for.

  • 33.
    Anckar, Carsten
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Effects of Electoral Systems: A study of 80 Countries.: XIII Nordiska Statsvetarkonferensen, Ålborg 15-17 augusti.2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Anckar, Carsten
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    From Fusion of Powers to Separation of Powers: a quantitative measure of form of government: 19th Congress of the International Political Science Association. Durban 29.6 -4.7:2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Anckar, Carsten
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Determinants of the Death Penalty: A Comparative Study of the World2004Book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Anckar, Carsten
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Effekter av valsystem: En studie av 80 stater2002Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Valsystemet har stora effekter De senaste årtiondena har präglats av stora politiska förändringar på många håll i världen. De nya demokratierna har aktualiserat debatten kring de politiska institutionernas roll i allmänhet och deras betydelse för demokratins konsolidering i synnerhet. I Effekter av valsystem. En studie av 80 stater (SNS Förlag) kartlägger författaren Carsten Anckar huvuddragen i valsystemen i den demokratiska världen genom att jämföra 80 olika stater. Den centrala frågan är vilken betydelse som olika valsystem har för tre centrala element i politiken: representationens proportionalitet, fragmentering av partisystemet samt regeringsstabilitet. Vid en första anblick verkar Sverige ha ett optimalt valsystem. Graden av representativitet är extremt hög. Partisystemet är tillräckligt fragmenterat för att garantera att de viktigaste åsiktsinriktningarna är representerade, men inte så fragmenterat att det frambringar täta regeringsskiften. Denna bild är emellertid en schimär. Undersökningen leder för Sveriges vidkommande till tre slutsatser: Sverige har en mycket låg grad av disproportionalitet beroende på utjämningsmandaten. Graden av fragmentering av partisystemet ligger nära medelvärdet för länder med proportionella valsystem. En ändring av rösttröskeln eller en radikal ändring av valkretsstorleken skulle troligtvis ändra partisystemets struktur. Graden av regeringsstabilitet är hög i Sverige.

  • 37.
    Anckar, Carsten
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Anckar, Dag
    Finland2003In: Elections in Europe. A Data Handbook. XXXV Politiikan tutkimuksen päivät. Åbo 16-17 januari 2003, Oxford University Press , 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Anckar, Carsten
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Mårten
    Leskinen, Jutta
    Measuring Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fragmentation in the World2002Report (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Anckar, Carsten
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lundell, Krister
    Valsystem och politiskt ansvar: En global jämförelse2004In: Partier och ansvar, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2004, 110-135 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Anderbro, Therese
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, SE-182 88 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Amsberg, Susanne
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, SE-182 88 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Adamsson, Ulf
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, SE-182 88 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bolinder, Jan
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lins, Per-Eric
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, SE-182 88 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wredling, Regina
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, SE-182 88 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Moberg, Erik
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, SE-182 88 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fear of hypoglycaemia in adults with Type 1 diabetes2010In: Diabetic Medicine, ISSN 0742-3071, E-ISSN 1464-5491, Vol. 27, no 28, 1151-1158 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims The aim of this studywas toexamine the fearof hypoglycaemiaand its association with demographic anddisease-specificvariables in a large and unselective population of adult patients with Type 1 diabetes.

    Methods Questionnaires were sent by post to all patients with Type 1 diabetes who were identified in the local diabetesregistries of two hospitals in Stockholm, Sweden (n = 1387). Fear of hypoglycaemia was measured using the SwedishHypoglycaemia Fear Survey, theWorry subscale and theAloneness subscale.Demographic variables and disease-specific factorswere collected from patients’ self reports and medical records. Univariate analysis and multiple stepwise linear regressionanalysis were used in the statistical analyses of the data.

    Results Seven hundred and sixty-four (55%) patients participated in the study (mean age 43.3 years andmeanHbA1c 7.0%,normal < 5.0%). The Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey - Worry subscale was significantly associated with frequency of severehypoglycaemia, number of symptoms during mild hypoglycaemia, gender, hypoglycaemic symptoms during hyperglycaemiaand hypoglycaemic unawareness. The Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey - Aloneness subscale was significantly associated withfrequency of severe hypoglycaemia, number of symptoms during mild hypoglycaemia, gender, frequency of mildhypoglycaemia, HbA1c, hypoglycaemic unawareness and visits to the emergency room because of severe hypoglycaemia. Fear of hypoglycaemia proved to be more prevalent in females and indicated a different pattern between genders in relation tofactors associated with fear of hypoglycaemia.

    Conclusions This study identifies the frequency of severe hypoglycaemia as themost important factor associated with fear ofhypoglycaemia. Moreover, for the first time,we document gender differences in fear of hypoglycaemia, suggesting that femalesare more affected by fear of hypoglycaemia than men.

     

  • 41. Anderbro, Therese
    et al.
    Amsberg, Susanne
    Wredling, Regina
    Lins, Per-Eric
    Adamsson, Ulf
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish version of the Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey2008In: Patient Education & Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, Vol. 73, no 1, 127-131 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Gorgis, Dunia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Förekomsten av orena revisionsberättelser i svenska konkursbolag: Olika typer av anmärkningar och deras samband med revisionsbyråers storlek2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett flertal företagsskandaler har uppstått under åren där revisorns tillförlitlighet och förtroende har ifrågasatts. Dessa skandaler medförde ett stort problem för revisionen då intressenterna normalt litar på att revisionsberättelserna är korrekta. Informationen i revisionsberättelsen ska hjälpa intressenterna att känna sig mer säkra på företagets ekonomiska situation. Det är därför viktigt att informationen som ges i revisionsberättelsen är värdefull och användbar för företagets intressenter.

    I den här studien var syftet att kartlägga hur stor andel orena revisionsberättelser som förekommer i svenska aktiebolag som har gått i konkurs totalt och per revisionsbyrå. Vidare var syftet att beskriva och kategorisera olika typer av anmärkningar som förekommer i de orena revisionsberättelserna samt vilka som var mest förekommande totalt och per revisionsbyrå. För att se eventuella samband mellan den orena revisionsberättelsen med dess anmärkningar använde vi faktorn storlek på revisionsbyrå. Vi gjorde detta genom att samla in uppgifter utifrån en lista över alla aktiebolag i Sverige som har gått i konkurs mellan januari och augusti 2010.

    Resultatet visade att andelen orena revisionsberättelser totalt uppgick till 66 % och att det fanns skillnader mellan olika revisionsbyråer. ”Big four” revisionsbyråerna utfärdade 63 % orena revisionsberättelser medan de mindre revisionsbyråerna utfärdade 67 % orena revisionsberättelser. Den mest förekommande anmärkningen var att aktiekapitalet är förbrukat till mer än hälften och de därefter mest förekommande anmärkningarna var att årsredovisningen har lämnats in för sent samt anmärkning om skatter och avgifter. De mest förekommande anmärkningarna skiljde sig mellan olika revisionsbyråer, både när jämförelser gjordes mellan ”big four” och de mindre revisionsbyråerna och enskilda byråer inom dessa kategorier. Störst skillnader mellan ”big four” och de mindre revisionsbyråerna var anmärkning om ”going concern” och anmärkning om att årsredovisningen lämnats in för sent. ”Big four” revisionsbyråer gav oftare en ”going concern” varning och de mindre revisionsbyråerna anmärkte oftare om för sent inlämnad årsredovisning.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nygren, Kim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Brottsdrabbade och bemötande: Behovet av stöd i den straffrättsliga processen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Andersson Darroudi, Kian
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lagrådet: - Maktdelning och Judikalisering -2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med detta rättsvetenskapliga examensarbete, vilket behandlar statsrätt i allmänhet och konstitutionell rätt i synnerhet, var att öka förståelsen för judikaliseringsprocessen med Lagrådet som fokus. Studien bygger på rättsdogmatisk metod: där lagar, förarbeten, praxis och doktrin legat till grund för den diskussion som avslutar uppsatsen. Studien har bland annat undersökt vad Lagrådet har för roll och funktion i lagstiftningsarbetet och hur denna har förändrats över tid. Lagrådets granskning var inledningsvis obligatorisk, men ersattes under 1970-talet med en fakultativ granskning och stadfästas som sådan i den nya regeringsformen från 1974. Författningen sanktionerar suverän statsmakt och implicerar ett avsteg från den rättssäkerhet som kommer utav autonom judiciell makt och maktdelning. Då juristernas betydelse har ökat, i och med judikaliseringen, har också behovet av kontrollorgan – såsom Lagrådet – ökat. Som en följd härav bör vi återgå till den obligatoriska lagrådsgranskningen. Detta uppnås genom att den fakultativa bör-regeln slopas och ersätts med en obligatorisk ska-regel. Genom detta kan Lagrådets särskilda kompetens till fullo utnyttjas, företrädesvis i konstitutionella frågor.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Eddie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olsson, Christian
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Organisationsstolthet hos Enhetschefer inom Östersunds kommun: Vilka faktorer påverkar detta?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Distinctions in Cultural Production: The Case of the Swedish Indies2012In: Hidden Cities: Understanding Urban Popcultures / [ed] Leonard R. Koos, Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The rationalization of cultural value: a study of independent record labels in Sweden2010In: XVII ISA World Congress of Sociology: Sociology on the move, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Distinctions in cultural production: the case of the Swedish indies2011In: 1st global conference: Urban Popcultures, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Framgångssyn bland svenska oberoende skivbolag2008In: Sociologförbundets årskonferens i Östersund, 31/8-1/2 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Entreprenörskap i musikbranschen: Sveriges Sociologförbunds årsmöteskonferens2007Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har musikbranschen genomgått stora förändringar. Skivförsäljningen minskar till följd av, bland annat, nedladdningen av musik. Marknaden domineras i stort av de fyra så kallade majorbolagen; EMI, BMG/Sony, Warner och Universal. Under 2005 hade dessa fyra 83 procent av marknadsandelarna i Sverige. Övriga marknadsandelar står de så kallade oberoende skivbolagen för. Denna studie inriktar sig på dessa oberoende bolag. Fokus ligger på vilken anda som finns i branschen och tar sin utgångspunkt i motsättningen mellan den romantiska och den kapitalistiska ideologin � eller den intellektuella och kommersiella om man så vill � vilket är ideologier som tidigare lyfts fram av t.ex. Bourdieu och Stratton som närvarande inom såväl musikbranschen som kulturindustrin i stort.

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