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  • 1.
    Abbasi, Seyed H
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jalali, Arash
    Teheran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Högskolan i Gävle.
    Ethnic differences in the risk factors and severity of coronary artery disease: a patient-based study in Iran2017In: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, ISSN 2197-3792Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Diverse ethnic groups may differ regarding

    the risk factors and severity of coronary artery disease

    (CAD). This study sought to assess the association between

    ethnicity and CAD risk and severity in six major

    Iranian ethnic groups.

    Methods In this study, 20,165 documented coronary artery

    disease patients who underwent coronary angiography

    at a tertiary referral heart center were recruited. The

    demographic, laboratory, clinical, and risk factor data of

    all the patients were retrieved. The Gensini score (an

    indicator of CAD severity) was calculated for all, and

    the risk factors and severity of CAD were compared

    between the ethnical groups, using adjusted standardized

    residuals, Kruskal–Wallis test, and multivariable regression

    analysis.

    Results The mean age of the participants (14,131

    [70.1%] men and 6034 [29.9%] women) was

    60.7 ± 10.8 years. The Fars (8.7%) and Gilak (8.6%)

    ethnic groups had the highest prevalence of ≥4 simultaneous

    risk factors. The mean Gensini score was the

    highest for the Gilaks (77.1 ± 55.9) and the lowest

    among the Lors (67.5 ± 52.8). The multivariable regression

    analysis showed that the Gilaks had the worst severity

    (β 0.056, 95% CI 0.009 to 0.102; P = 0.018),

    followed by the Torks (β 0.032, 95% CI 0.005 to 0.059;

    P = 0.020). Meanwhile, the Lors showed the lowest

    severity (β −0.087, 95% CI −0.146 to −0.027;

    P = 0.004).

    Conclusions This study found that there was heterogeneity in

    CAD severity and a diverse distribution in its well-known

    traditional risk factors among major Iranian ethnic groups.

  • 2.
    Abbasi, Seyed
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ponce De Leon, Antonio
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kassaian, Seyed Ebrahim
    Department of Cardiology, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Karimi, Abbasali
    Department of Cardiology, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jalali, Arash
    Department of Cardiology, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Macassa, Gloria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Socioeconomic status and in hospital mortality of acute corony syndrome: Can education and occupation serves as preventive measures?2015In: International Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 2008-7802, E-ISSN 2008-8213, Vol. 6, Art. no. 6:36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) can greatly affect the clinical outcome of medical problems. We sought to assess the in‑hospital mortality of patients with the acute coronarysyndrome (ACS) according to their SES.

    Methods: All patients admitted to Tehran Heart Center due to 1st‑time ACS between March 2004 and August 2011 were assessed. The patients who were illiterate/lowly educated (≤5 years attained education) and were unemployed were considered low‑SES patients and those who were employed and had high educational levels (>5 years attained education) were regarded as high‑SES patients. Demographic, clinical, paraclinical, and in‑hospital medical progress data were recorded. Death during the course of hospitalization was considered the end point, and the impact of SES on in‑hospital mortality was evaluated.

    Results: A total of 6246 hospitalized patients (3290 low SES and 2956 high SES) were included (mean age = 60.3 ± 12.1 years, male = 2772 [44.4%]). Among them, 79 (1.26%) patients died. Univariable analysis showed a significantly higher mortality rate in the low‑SES group (1.9% vs. 0.6%; P < 0.001). After adjustment for possible cofounders, SES still showed a significant effect on the in‑hospital mortality of the ACS patients in that the high‑SES patients had a lower in‑hospital mortality rate (odds ratio: 0.304, 95% confidence interval: 0.094–0.980; P = 0.046).

    Conclusions: This study found that patients with low SES were at a higher risk of in‑hospital mortality due to the ACS. Furthermore, the results suggest the need for increased availability of jobs as well as improved levels of education as preventive measures to curb the unfolding deaths owing to coronary artery syndrome.

  • 3.
    Abdullah, Semko
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Styrman, Sofie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hur personlighet, konflikter och coping relateras till hälsa i arbetslivet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    af Klintberg, Olle
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Effekter av behandling vid en studentdriven psykologmottagning.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5.
    Ahlstrand, Hilda
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Östlund, Karoline
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hur går snacket som gör somliga namn mindre anställningsbara?: - En kvalitativ studie om hur det i grupp talas om värme och kompetens kring arbetssökanden av utländsk härkomst2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Albonius, Malin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lannergård, Anna-Stina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Should I stay or should I go En studie om arbetstagares avsikt att lämna sin anställning inom socialtjänsten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Aldrin, Mattias
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Löfqvist, Alice
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ledarskapets betydelse för medarbetarna. En studie om hur sociala föreställningar och ledarskap påverkar medarbetarengagemanget.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Alevåg, Rebecca
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Har positiv affekt samband med ohälsa?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Almqvist, Jessica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reducering av ofrivilliga minnen genom att påverka konsolidering av aversivt auditivt stimulus2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Almén, Niclas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress- och utmattningsproblem: Kognitiva och beteendeinriktade metoder2017 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Almén, Niclas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Effects of a Recovery-Focused Intervention for Stress Management: A Randomized Controlled Trial2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    INTRODUCTION

    Stress symptoms, burnout, poor mental health and long-term sick leave related to these are major problems in Sweden and elsewhere. Evidence-based prevention and treatment efforts are lacking. Research indicates that stress related health problems primarily could be conceptualized as deficiencies in recovery responses between stress periods rather than high level of stress responses per se. Therefore it is relevant to examine whether it is effective to intervene the recovery behavior – instead of the stress behavior - of people with stress symptoms.

    OBJECTIVES

    The primary purpose of this study was to investigate if a behavioral oriented recovery management intervention could enhance “recovery behaviors” and experiences of recovery and reduce stress related ill health.

    METHODS A group based intervention program focusing exclusively on “recovery behavior” in everyday life (earlier developed and tested in two pilot studies) was evaluated in an experimental group study. The intervention consisted of seven group sessions of 2.5 hours over a period of approximately 10 weeks supplemented by an internet based treatment support system. Self- referred subjects with scores above 24.4 on the Perceived stress scale were randomized to the intervention (n=26) or a waiting-list (n=33).

    RESUL T

    Statistically significant and clinically relevant effects were achieved for the intervention group compare to the waiting-list group: recovery behaviors and experiences of recovery were increased, and levels of perceived stress, worry, anxiety, depression and exhaustion were decreased.

    DISCUSSION These results are in line with two previous pilot studies that we have done. A behavioral and recovery oriented intervention seems to be effective to increase the recovery of the individual and decrease stress related ill health. There are reasons to continue to explore the potential of recovery-oriented interventions for example for different populations (such as people with more extensive clinical health problems) and in different contexts. 

  • 12.
    Alvin, Frida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gender Ideology Affects Parents During Recruitment Procedures A Social Psychological Study2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    AMISHADAI AMOAH ACQUAAH, Frank
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psychosocial Work Environment and Sickness Absence from work2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Amundsson, Helena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kvinnor med samlagssmärta: En behandlingsstudie med Acceptance and Commitment Therapy2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 15.
    Anderbro, Therese
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gonder-Frederick, Linda
    Univ Virginia, Dept Psychiat & Neurobehav Sci, Charlottesville, VA USA.
    Bolinder, Jan
    Karolinska Inst, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Med, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lins, Per-Eric
    Karolinska Inst, Danderyd Hosp, Dept Clin Sci, Div Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wredling, Regina
    Karolinska Inst, Danderyd Hosp, Dept Clin Sci, Div Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Moberg, Erik
    Karolinska Inst, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Med, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology. Sophiahemmet Univ Coll, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Sophiahemmet Univ Coll, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fear of hypoglycemia: relationship to hypoglycemic risk and psychological factors2015In: Acta Diabetologica, ISSN 0940-5429, E-ISSN 1432-5233, Vol. 52, no 3, 581-589 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The major aims of this study were to examine (1) the association between fear of hypoglycemia (FOH) in adults with type 1 diabetes with demographic, psychological (anxiety and depression), and disease-specific clinical factors (hypoglycemia history and unawareness, A(1c)), including severe hypoglycemia (SH), and (2) differences in patient subgroups categorized by level of FOH and risk of SH. Questionnaires were mailed to 764 patients with type 1 diabetes including the Swedish translation of the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey (HFS) and other psychological measures including the Perceived Stress Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, Social Phobia Scale, and Fear of Complications Scale. A questionnaire to assess hypoglycemia history was also included and A(1c) measures were obtained from medical records. Statistical analyses included univariate approaches, multiple stepwise linear regressions, Chi-square t tests, and ANOVAs. Regressions showed that several clinical factors (SH history, frequency of nocturnal hypoglycemia, self-monitoring) were significantly associated with FOH but R (2) increased from 16.25 to 39.2 % when anxiety measures were added to the model. When patients were categorized by level of FOH (low, high) and SH risk (low, high), subgroups showed significant differences in non-diabetes-related anxiety, hypoglycemia history, self-monitoring, and glycemic control. There is a strong link between FOH and non-diabetes-related anxiety, as well as hypoglycemia history. Comparison of patient subgroups categorized according to level of FOH and SH risk demonstrated the complexity of FOH and identified important differences in psychological and clinical variables, which have implications for clinical interventions.

  • 16.
    Andersson Borssén, Elin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Utvärderingen av ett självhjälpsmaterial baserat på Acceptance and Commitment           Therapy för vuxna med övervikt: En multipel baslinje design2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundström, Ida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    "Säg det med ett leende": Hur krav på emotionsreglering påverkar fysiologiska reaktioner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Andersson, Kristina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nätmobbning: - Ungdomars uppfattningar och förväntan på hjälp2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Andersson, Tommy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Effect of Perceived School-related Social support from teachers and classmates on students´ perception of life satisfaction2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Andesson, Ida
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    POSTIVA: Postraumatisk stress och livskvalitet efter intensivvård - en prospektiv enkätstudie vid IVA-Östersund2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Angheluta, Laviniu
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Informal Leadership Emergence: An Analysis of Past Research Focused on Different Aspects of the Informal Leadership Process2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Arbeus, Linn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Pettersson, Evelina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Actua; Ett självhjälpsbaserat iKBT-program för långsiktigt välmående efter depressionsbehandling2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Arriaga, P.
    et al.
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Cis-IUL, Portugal .
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology. Centre for Psychological Research and Social Intervention, Cis-IUL, Portugal .
    Fernandes, S.
    ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Cis-IUL, Portugal .
    Playing for better or for worse?: Health and social outcomes with electronic gaming2013In: Handbook of Research on ICTs for Human-Centered Healthcare and Social Care Services / [ed] Cruz-Cunha, M; Miranda, I; Goncalves, P, IGI Global, 2013, 48-69 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Of the many of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) products, electronic games are considered as having great potential for improving health and social outcomes. This chapter considers the factors that may be involved in facilitating health and social outcomes and also those factors that might be considered risk factors by reviewing studies that have shown both positive and detrimental effects on people's physical and mental health. The authors also debate some research questions that remain unanswered and suggest guidelines for practitioners, researchers, and game designers.

  • 24. Arriaga, Patricia
    et al.
    Adrião, Joana
    Madeira, Filipa
    Cavaleiro, Inês
    Maia e Silva, Alexandra
    Barahona, Isabel
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A "dry eye" for victims of violence: effects of playing a violent video game on pupillary dilation to victims and on aggressive behavior2015In: Psychology of violence, ISSN 2152-0828, Vol. 5, no 2, 199-208 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The present experiment analyzed the effects of playing a violent video game on player’s sensitivity to victimized people by measuring the involuntary pupil dilation responses (PDRs) during a passive picture viewing paradigm and examining the mediating role of PDR on aggression. Method: Participants (N = 135) were randomly assigned to play a violent video game or a nonviolent video game. The participants’ PDRs were then recorded while they were exposed to pictures of alleged victims of violence displayed in negative, neutral, and positive contexts. A competitive reaction time task was also used to measure aggression. Results: Participants in the violent game condition demonstrated both a lower PDR to the victims of violence in a negative circumstances and greater aggression than participants in the nonviolent game condition. Lower PDR to victims displayed in negative context mediated the relationship between violent game play and aggression. Conclusion: The negative effects of playing violent games are a societal concern. Our results indicate that a single violent gaming session can reduce the player’s involuntary PDRs to pictures of victimized people in negative context and increase participant aggression, a new relevant finding that should encourage further research in this area.

  • 25. Arriaga, Patricia
    et al.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    100 anos depois: Onde está o Watson?2014In: Psicologia Na Actualidade, no 18, 18-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Arriaga, Patricia
    et al.
    Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (Cis-IUL), Av. das Forças Armadas, 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal .
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology. Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (Cis-IUL), Av. das Forças Armadas, 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal .
    Feddes, Allard R.
    University of Amsterdam, Netherlands .
    Looking at the (mis) fortunes of others while listening to music2014In: Psychology of Music, ISSN 0305-7356, E-ISSN 1741-3087, Vol. 42, no 2, 251-268 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined whether eye movements when regarding pictures of other people in fortunate (positive) and unfortunate (negative) circumstances are influenced by background music. Sixty-three participants were randomly assigned to three background music conditions (happy music, sad music, or no music) where pairs of negative-positive pictures were shown. Participants' eye movements were recorded throughout the experiment to assess distinct phases of attentional processes, i.e., initial orienting to, and subsequent engagement with, visual scenes. We found that these attentional processes were not uniformly influenced by the music. The type of background music had no effect on initial visual attention but played a relevant role in guiding subsequent gaze behaviour by maintaining attention in a mood-congruent fashion: sad music enhanced attentional bias to visual images of others in unfortunate circumstances, whereas happy music contributed to longer gazes at images of others in fortunate circumstances. These results support the notion that attention is affected by background music and reflected by gaze behaviour.

  • 27.
    Arriaga, Patricia
    et al.
    Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), CIS-IUL.
    Zillmann, Dolf
    University of Alabama.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Promotion of Violence by the Mainstream Media of Communication2016In: The Social Developmental Construction of Violence and Intergroup Conflict / [ed] J. Vala, S. Waldzus, M. Calheiros, Springer, 2016, 171-195 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter gives a comprehensive state-of-the-art review on the effects that exposure to or enactment of violence in mainstream media has on aggressive behavior, emotions, and empathy. In line with contemporary technological developments, the authors also cover the more and more widespread consumption of violent video games, which put the player in a more active role than traditional media (such as television) put their viewers. As the field is extremely controversial, the authors are careful in their analysis of the actually existing evidence as well as in their conclusions and recommendations for future research. Despite all controversy, and after reviewing existing literature, as well as a large number of own empirical work, the authors come to the conclusion that there is evidence for increased aggressive motivation and impulsivity as a result of exposure to media violence, but that it is not clear yet how much it affects people’s real-life behavior. Nevertheless, it is clear that there is no evidence for cathartic effects, a conclusion that is similar in research on the effects of filmed violence, and an idea that had been present in the controversy for decades but can now be abandoned.

  • 28.
    Asad, Amani
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bilingualism and Children's Attention to Facial Expressions that Conflict with Lexical Content2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Atleström, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stolth Wallström, Olivia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kan fördomar påverka anställdas chans till löneförhöjning?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Beaven, C. Martyn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ekstrom, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A Comparison of Blue Light and Caffeine Effects on Cognitive Function and Alertness in Humans2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 10, e76707- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The alerting effects of both caffeine and short wavelength (blue) light have been consistently reported. The ability of blue light to enhance alertness and cognitive function via non-image forming neuropathways have been suggested as a non-pharmacological countermeasure for drowsiness across a range of occupational settings. Here we compare and contrast the alerting and psychomotor effects of 240 mg of caffeine and a 1-h dose of similar to 40 lx blue light in a non-athletic population. Twenty-one healthy subjects performed a computer-based psychomotor vigilance test before and after each of four randomly assigned trial conditions performed on different days: white light/placebo; white light/240 mg caffeine; blue light/placebo; blue light/240 mg caffeine. The Karolinska Sleepiness Scale was used to assess subjective measures of alertness. Both the caffeine only and blue light only conditions enhanced accuracy in a visual reaction test requiring a decision and an additive effect was observed with respect to the fastest reaction times. However, in a test of executive function, where a distraction was included, caffeine exerted a negative effect on accuracy. Furthermore, the blue light only condition consistently outperformed caffeine when both congruent and incongruent distractions were presented. The visual reactions in the absence of a decision or distraction were also enhanced in the blue light only condition and this effect was most prominent in the blue-eyed participants. Overall, blue light and caffeine demonstrated distinct effects on aspects of psychomotor function and have the potential to positively influence a range of settings where cognitive function and alertness are important. Specifically, despite the widespread use of caffeine in competitive sporting environments, the possible impact of blue light has received no research attention.

  • 31.
    Ben Salem, Mathilda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Katastroftänkande, acceptans och självskattad livskvalitet hos personer med Fibromyalgi2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Bendroth, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindberg, Therese
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    “Ur ett annat perspektiv…”Hur Self-as-Context, Self-Compassion & Pro-Sociala beteendenkan påverka stress och välmående hos studenter2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Bengtsson, Emelie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Könsskillnader inom entreprenörskap: Samband mellan entreprenöriell self-efficacy, stress och kön2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Entreprenöriell self-efficacy är en viktig faktor inom entreprenörskap som kan antas ha ett samband med stress. Den aktuella studien syftade till att undersöka sambandet mellan prediktorerna rollstress (role ambiguity, role conflict och role overload), generell stressupplevelse, ålder, stöd från omgivningen och kön samt den beroende variabeln entreprenöriell self-efficacy. Även könsskillnader undersöktes. Fyrtiotre nyblivna företagare besvarade enkäterna som skickades ut via e-post. Multipel regressionsanalys visade att ålder, kön, role ambiguity och generell stressupplevelse kunde predicera entreprenöriell self-efficacy. Detta bekräftade ett samband mellan entreprenöriell self-efficacy och stress. Som väntat visade t-test för oberoende mätningar att kvinnor hade lägre entreprenöriell self-efficacy än män, medan män oväntat visade högre upplevelser av role conflict. Studiens begränsningar och förslag till vidare forskning diskuteras.

  • 34.
    Bengtsson, Emelie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Könsskillnader inom entreprenörskap: Samband mellan entreprenöriell self-efficacy, stress och kön2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Berg, Linn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Intolerans för ovisshet relaterat till förlossningsrädsla och livstillfredställelse under graviditeten.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Bergdahl, Jessica
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björkdahl, Johanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Friskfaktorer i arbetslivet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Berge, Helena
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ekvall, Josephine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    ”Emotionsperception i relation till chefers ledaregenskaper och medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse” -en kvantitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Berglund, Emelie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lyckan kommer, lyckan går men välbefinnande består - en studie om könsskillnader i subjektivt välbefinnande respektive predicerade livstillfredställelsefaktorer2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 39.
    Bergwall, Jonny
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ferm, Linus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Den positiva upplevelsen av en ny organisations utveckling - En kvalitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Berkö, Björn
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lotsander, Martin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sambandet mellan chefers emotionsperception och dess anställdas sjuktal: En korrelationsstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Bernhardsson, Jens
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Palmius, Joel
    PUPIL - A tool for creating and conducting online distributed experimental paradigms2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Bernhardsson, Jens
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Esteves, Francisco
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    INDEPENDENT COMPONENT ANALYSIS OF N2pc DURING FEAR PROCESSING2013In: Psychophysiology, ISSN 0048-5772, E-ISSN 1469-8986, Vol. 50, S119-S119 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Bernhardsson, Jens
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Changes in Event Related Potentials after exposure therapy for spider phobic individuals2016In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, ISSN 0167-8760, E-ISSN 1872-7697, Vol. 108, 105-106 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study was conducted in order to investigate treatment effects in spider phobic individuals on EEG and eye movements. A previous study has shown larger ERP amplitudes in the late positive complex (LPC) post treatment compared to pre treatment during exposure of spider pictures (Leutgeb, Schäfer, & Schienle, 2009). The authors hypothesize that the result might mirror an increase in attention towards the stimuli and reduced attentional avoidance generating enhanced LPC amplitude as a consequence of directing attention to the spider pictures post treatment. In the present study spider fearful individuals (treatment and waitlist group) and control individuals were measured with EEG and Eye tracking during exposure to pictures of spiders, snakes and flowers pre and post treatment. Based on behavioral and self-assessed measures treatment effects were high. Contrary to Leutgeb et al. (2009), our results showed relatively smaller LPC amplitudes post treatment during presentations of spider pictures. Moreover, the eye movement data indicated no avoidance from spider pictures compared to other pictures, neither pre nor post treatment. These results indicate that when individuals attend to visual threat stimuli, LPC amplitude differences follow the pattern of emotional significance and attention allocation.

  • 44.
    Bhatara, Anjali
    et al.
    CNRS, UMR 8242, Lab Psychol Percept, Paris, France.
    Laukka, Petri
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Boll-Avetisyan, Natalie
    Univ Potsdam, Dept Linguist, Potsdam, Germany.
    Granjon, Lionel
    CNRS, UMR 8242, Lab Psychol Percept, Paris, France.
    Elfenbein, Hillary Anger
    Washington Univ, John M Olin Sch Business, St Louis, MO 63130 USA.
    Bänziger, Tanja
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Second Language Ability and Emotional Prosody Perception2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 6, e0156855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines the effect of language experience on vocal emotion perception in a second language. Native speakers of French with varying levels of self-reported English ability were asked to identify emotions from vocal expressions produced by American actors in a forced-choice task, and to rate their pleasantness, power, alertness and intensity on continuous scales. Stimuli included emotionally expressive English speech (emotional prosody) and non-linguistic vocalizations (affect bursts), and a baseline condition with Swiss-French pseudo-speech. Results revealed effects of English ability on the recognition of emotions in English speech but not in non-linguistic vocalizations. Specifically, higher English ability was associated with less accurate identification of positive emotions, but not with the interpretation of negative emotions. Moreover, higher English ability was associated with lower ratings of pleasantness and power, again only for emotional prosody. This suggests that second language skills may sometimes interfere with emotion recognition from speech prosody, particularly for positive emotions.

  • 45.
    Billström, Caroline
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Changes in work related stress during the 21th century.: Is the "epedemic" of the ninetines contained?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Bive, Lene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vilka arbetsrelaterade behov är viktiga för fastighetsarbetarnas motivation?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Motivation som drivkraft anses vara både kognitiv och behovsrelaterad. Det är därför viktigt

    att organisationer inte nöjer sig med att endast mäta arbetstillfredsställelse utan även

    undersöker vilka arbetsrelaterade behov som är viktiga och huruvida dessa är tillfredsställda.

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka om något av existens-, relations- eller

    utvecklingsbehovet var viktigare och även mera tillfredsställt än de två andra utifrån ERG

    teorin och om det fanns någon köns- eller åldersskillnad. Genom en enkätundersökning

    besvarade 125 fastighetsarbetare frågor om tillfredsställelse och viktighet inom de tre

    behovsområden. ANOVA resultatet visade att relationsbehovet var viktigast, särskild

    relationen till ledare och kollegor, och utvecklings – och relationsbehovet, särskild relationen

    till kunderna, var mest tillfredsställt hos både kvinnor och män. Män, speciellt äldre män, var

    dock mera tillfredsställda inom relationsbehovet än kvinnor. Diskrepansen inom de relationer

    som värderades som viktigast men inte som mest tillfredsställda visar därmed ett

    utvecklingsområde för att höja arbetsmotivationen hos fastighetsarbetarna.

  • 47.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    FEAR - A process influenced by concurrent processing demands2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fear is a central aspect in mammalian evolution, prompting escape from and avoidance of threat and dangers. Therefore, it is reasonable to believe that we have a well developed system to detect dangers and quickly respond to them. It has been shown that threatening information has an advantage in information processing; it seems to promote a rapid capture of selective attention and puts demand on processing resources. It has been suggested that the elicitation of fear occurs automatically, and that it is independent of and impenetrable to cognition.

    The idea with the present research is that fear processing is dependent on all concurrent internal or external processing demands. One visual search study (Study II) and two secondary task studies (Study I & III) have been conducted to investigate if external or internal distraction can interfere with fear processing. In order to provoke fear responses, spider or snake fearful individuals have been exposed to pictures of their feared stimulus. The aim of Study II was to investigate if the selective attention to fear stimuli could be influenced by contextual factors, such as the nature of the distracting stimuli in a visual search. Study I and III aimed to investigate manipulation of resources allocated to fear stimuli. In Study I, task demand was used as the manipulation, and in Study III an internal cognitive directive was used. The results from these studies indicate that fear is susceptible to manipulation by both external and internal means. By changing circumstances in the surrounding or in the individuals’ internal states, responses to threatening stimuli can be altered. This means that processing of threatening stimuli is influenced by other concurrent processing demands, suggesting that a fear response is not occurring as an isolated and impenetrable process. In an evolutionary perspective, a fear system that is easily triggered but has access to cognitive evaluation at all times ought to be far more flexible, thus creating a better chance for survival than a modular and impenetrable fear system.

  • 48.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bernhardsson, Jens
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Eye movements and Event Related Potentials before and after treatment of spider fear2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Flykt, Anders
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Concurrent cognitive demands influence allocation of attention resources during fear processing.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Influences of a concurrent cognitive demand on allocation of attentional resources and physiological responses to threatening stimuli was investigated. In two secondary task experiments, pictures of fear-relevant and fear-irrelevant stimuli (Experiment 1), as well as feared and non-feared stimuli (Experiment 2), were used as backgrounds in a discrimination task. The cognitive manipulation was provided by a constraint, induced with a threat of punishment motivating participants to respond quick and accurately. The control condition imposed no such constraint. Results showed a larger allocation of attentional resources for both fear-relevant and feared stimuli. More importantly, it was also shown that resources allocated to threatening stimuli could be manipulated by a concurrent cognitive demand. However, both response accuracy and physiological reactions persisted the manipulation when a feared versus a non-feared animal was shown, indicating that attentional resources can be manipulated by an internal cognitive demand even though a fear reaction occurs.

  • 50.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Flykt, Anders
    Department of Social Work and Psychology, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Sweden .
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The effect of using different distractor sets in visual search with spiders and snakes on spider-sensitive and non-fearful participants.2013In: Swiss Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1421-0185, E-ISSN 1662-0879, Vol. 72, no 4, 171-179 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In two visual search experiments, the impact of distractor sets on fear relevant stimuli was investigated.  A search set with spiders, snakes, flowers, and mushrooms was compared to a search set with spiders, snakes, rabbits, and turtles. Speeded responses to spider and snake targets were found when flowers and mushrooms served as distractors, but no such effect occurred with rabbit and turtle distractors. In Experiment 2, spider sensitive individuals were compared to non-fearful individuals. Spider sensitive individuals responded faster to spider targets than did non-fearful individuals, but only in the set with flowers and mushrooms.  When using rabbit and turtle distractors, spider sensitive individuals did not show any speeded responses to their feared animal. These results indicate that behavioural expressions of the visual search task depends not only on the individual’s relationship to the stimuli included in a search set, but also on the context in which feared or fear relevant objects are presented.

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