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  • 1.
    Espvall, Majen
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Olofsson, Niclas
    Legitimacy aspects of social network in a group of women with undefined musculoskeletal disorder2002In: Women & health, ISSN 0363-0242, E-ISSN 1541-0331, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 85-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was conducted to investigate legitimacy aspects of social network relations in a group of women with undefined musculoskeletal disorder. The aim was to study, from the viewpoint of the patient, the extent to which the symptoms of musculoskeletal disorder have legitimacy within the social network and how this legitimacy affects the patient's social network relations. A structural equation model was used to find the model best fitting the data arising between social support, legitimacy aspects and negative outcomes in the social network relations. The results can be summarised as indicating that illness legitimacy does affect availability of social relations and social support from friends, relatives and family. Of particular importance to this process is the patient's own perception of the legitimacy of her disorder. These results also confirmed previous findings indicating that greater attention should be paid to the impact of negative aspects of social support and its affect on patient health.

  • 2.
    Fjell, Ylva
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Alexanderson, Kristina
    KI.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Bildt, Carina
    Högskolan Gotland.
    Perceived physical strain in paid and unpaid work and the work-home interface: the associations with musculoskeletal pain and fatigue among public employees.2008In: Women & health, ISSN 0363-0242, E-ISSN 1541-0331, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 21-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to analyze the association between number of working hours, the level of perceived physical strain, work-home interface and musculoskeletal pain and fatigue among women and men employed in the public sector. Cross-sectional data from 1,180 employees (86% women) in 49 public workplaces in 2002-2003 were analyzed. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as measures of the associations. The analyses showed differences as well as similarities between women and men. Overall the women reported higher levels of perceived physical strain relative to total workload. A high level of physical strain was strongly associated with musculoskeletal pain and fatigue. Nevertheless, no detrimental effects were observed on health of high total working hours which indicates that a large number of total working hours might be balanced by accompanying multiple roles or many responsibilities and therefore not be generally regarded as risk factors for ill health.

  • 3.
    Sundin, Örjan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Grossi, Georgio
    Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Macassa, Gloria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Burnout among foreign born and Swedish native women. A longitudinal study in Sweden2011In: Women & health, ISSN 0363-0242, E-ISSN 1541-0331, Vol. 51, no 7, p. 643-660Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors of this study addressed burnout experiences (generally defined as chronic depletion of an individual's energetic resources') over time in relation to other factors (e. g., distress, sleep difficulties, job demands, etc.) among foreign-born women and Swedish native women living in Stockholm. The study design was a longitudinal panel survey with two waves one year apart. In the first wave, 3,616 of 6,000 randomly selected women took part, and 2,300 of the initial 3,616 women also participated in the second wave; 427 were foreign-born women, and 1,873 were Swedish native women. Baseline/emerging distress, emerging sleep difficulties, worsening general social support, job demands at baseline/escalating during the assessment period, emerging unemployment, constraints in social support at work, and sustained/emerging financial strain were associated with future burnout, regardless of background. More foreign-born women than Swedish native women reported burnout, with these differences maintained at one-year follow-up. The factors related to burnout were largely the same in both groups, but smoking and cardiovascular disease were related to burnout only among foreign-born women. Younger age, job demands, and working hours were associated with burnout among Swedish native women. The authors found that the women had concurrent problems such as burnout, distress, and sleep problems, but foreign background was not independently related to burnout.

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