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  • 1.
    Ljunggren, L
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Sandström, A
    Influence of visual conditions on foraging and growth of juvenile fishes with dissimilar sensory physiology2007In: Journal of Fish Biology, ISSN 0022-1112, E-ISSN 1095-8649, Vol. 70, no 5, p. 1319-1334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of turbidity on foraging and growth of young-of-the-year (YOY) of two percid species with relatively dissimilar sensory physiology, perch Perca fluviatilis and pikeperch Sander lucioperca was tested. A littoral mysid, Neomysis integer, was used as prey. Functional response was investigated indoors at two levels of turbidity, 3 NTU (clear) and 25 NTU (turbid). Growth and consumption rate were studied both during day and night in outdoor experiments at similar turbidity levels. Pikeperch were not affected by turbid conditions in either of the experiments. Foraging of perch, on the other hand, was significantly negatively affected by higher turbidity in the functional response experiments and during the night-time in the outdoor experiments. As opposed to pikeperch, consumption rates of perch decreased markedly during nights. Perch also grew more slowly in the treatments with turbid water. The dissimilar reactions of the two species indicate that sensory physiological adaptations and foraging behaviour are important factors that partly can explain disparate reactions of YOY fishes to the level of turbidity.

  • 2.
    Ljunggren, Lars
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Growth response of pikeperch larvae in relation to body size and zooplankton abundance2002In: Journal of Fish Biology, ISSN 0022-1112, E-ISSN 1095-8649, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 405-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The most critical period at onset of feeding in pikeperch Stizostedion luc\ioperca is short (<5 days at 20degreesC). The larvae are sensitive to prey density during the first week of exogenous feeding. First-feeding larvae of 6.5 mm total length (L-T) needed prey densities of >585 prey l(-1) to maintain mass (C-maint), whereas 5 days older larvae of 7 mm L-T C-maint=55 prey l(-1) and for 11 mm L-T larvae C-maint <10 prey l(-1). Changes in specific growth rates for larvae of 7 and 11 mm were similar to a type-II functional response curve reaching a specific growth rate of 26 and 30% day(-1), respectively, at 1000 prey l(-1), whereas the 6.5 mm larvae showed a linear growth response reaching a specific growth rate of only 9% day(-1) at 1000 prey l(-1). The results suggest that prey density is a limiting factor, which might contribute to the high variation between year-class strengths.

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