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  • 1.
    Ekener, Elisabeth
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Larsson, Aron
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information and Communication systems. Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Sandin, Per
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
    Operationalising and incorporating ethical considerations into a tool for multi-criteria decision making2016In: International Journal of Multicriteria Decision Making, ISSN 2040-106X, E-ISSN 2040-1078, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 290-315Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, an existing method for ethical analysis was extended by adding aspects of human rights and global distributional issues as framed by the United Nations (UN) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). A procedure for incorporating these issues together with environmental, safety and cost considerations into a decision making framework using multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) was devised. This includes a scoring system to convert qualitative ethical issues into semi-quantitative issues. The refined framework tool was tested in an illustrative case on the destruction of ammunition. The results showed that the extended framework for ethical analysis added value, for example as a way of highlighting ethical considerations in decision making. Use of the DecideIT software with its integrated MCDA improved the analysis by allowing for uncertain and imprecise values and estimations. The illustrative case results indicated that a combined alternative including recycling of metals and energetic materials had clear advantages over open detonation.

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