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  • 1.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Homayoun, Saeid
    Univ Gävle, Gävle.
    Financial crisis and SME capital structure: Swedish empirical evidence2019Inngår i: Journal of economic studies, ISSN 0144-3585, E-ISSN 1758-7387, Vol. 46, nr 4, s. 925-941Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine capital structure determinants of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) during and after the global financial crisis. Design/methodology/approach Statistical methods, including ordinary least squares and the generalised method of moments, were used to analyse a sample of over 40,800 Swedish SMEs operating in four industries during the 2008-2015 period. Findings The results indicate that the independent variables - i.e. financial crisis, profitability, size, tangibility and industry affiliation - to various degrees explain changes in short-term debt (STD) and long-term debt (LTD) ratios. In particular, the empirical findings indicate that the sampled SMEs tended to rely more on STD and LTD during (2008-2009) than after (2010-2015) the financial crisis. Originality/value This study is one of few examining determinants of short- and long-term SME debt during and after the global financial crisis, using data from a large-scale cross-sectional database.

  • 2.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Organizational-level profitability determinants in commercial banks: Swedish evidence2018Inngår i: Journal of economic studies, ISSN 0144-3585, E-ISSN 1758-7387, Vol. 45, nr 6, s. 1175-1191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine organizational-level determinants of commercial bank profitability. Design/methodology/approach Using bank-level longitudinal panel data for the 2005-2014 period, this study conducts univariate and multivariate statistical analyses, i.e. ordinary least squares (OLS), fixed-effects and feasible generalized least-squares (FGLS) regressions, to analyze profitability variables in Swedish commercial banks. Findings The findings indicate that the organizational-level determinants growth, lagged profitability and capital adequacy are positively related to banks' current profitability. No relationship was found between banks' size and their profitability. Moreover, no relationship was found between the macroeconomic control variable gross domestic product (GDP) and bank profitability. Practical implications Given that organizational-level determinants explain sustainable bank profitability, the findings can be used by bank managers as a basis for low-risk bank policy formulation, and by regulators in monitoring banks relative to international standards (i.e. the Basel Accords). Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to investigate determinants of bank profitability in Sweden, a country with a strong tradition of bank-based financing, with previous experience of a domestic bank crisis in the 1990s, and where the recent global financial crisis had relatively little impact on domestic banks.

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