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  • 1.
    Bradley, Gunilla
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    The information and communication society: how people will live and work in the new millennium2000Ingår i: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 43, nr 7, s. 844-857Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses information and communication technology (ICT) and its relation to work organizations, human communication, stress, allocation issues, knowledge transfer and global villages. An interdisciplinary research programme on 'Computer technology and work life' was initiated and led by the author at Stockholm University in 1974, followed by many programmes in Sweden in the held. A theoretical framework was developed including two theoretical models, one more general, the other where the concepts and their interrelationships were specified. The models were tested empirically in three large work organizations in Sweden, representing three main historical periods of computer technology. It was also used as a model in discussing what might be desirable goats in the information society. The present fourth period, the 'Network period', is characterized by a convergence of three main technologies: computer, telecommunication and media. TCT is used in almost every activity and is embedded in many things. The author proposes a superimposed theoretical model reflecting 'ICT and the psychosocial life environment', a revised model of her initial models. Finally, future research is discussed with reference to theoretical models revised, and conclusions address major psychosocial processes, psychosocial life environments and a call for synthesis.

  • 2.
    Landstad, Bodil
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Gelin, Gunnar
    Malmquist, Claes
    Vinberg, Stig
    Department of Human Work Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, .
    A statistical human resources costing and accounting model for analysing the economic effects of an intervention at a workplace2002Ingår i: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 45, nr 11, s. 764-787Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study had two primary aims. The first aim was to combine a human resources costing and accounting approach (HRCA) with a quantitative statistical approach in order to get an integrated model. The second aim was to apply this integrated model in a quasi-experimental study in order to investigate whether preventive intervention affected sickness absence costs at the company level. The intervention studied contained occupational organizational measures, competence development, physical and psychosocial working environmental measures and individual and rehabilitation measures on both an individual and a group basis. The study is a quasi-experimental design with a non-randomized control group. Both groups involved cleaning jobs at predominantly female workplaces. The study plan involved carrying out before and after studies on both groups. The study included only those who were at the same workplace during the whole of the study period. In the HRCA model used here, the cost of sickness absence is the net difference between the costs, in the form of the value of the loss of production and the administrative cost, and the benefits in the form of lower labour costs. According to the HRCA model, the intervention used counteracted a rise in sickness absence costs at the company level, giving an average net effect of 266.5 Euros per person (full-time working) during an 8-month period. Using an analogue statistical analysis on the whole of the material, the contribution of the intervention counteracted a rise in sickness absence costs at the company level giving an average net effect of 283.2 Euros. Using a statistical method it was possible to study the regression coefficients in sub-groups and calculate the p-values for these coefficients; in the younger group the intervention gave a calculated net contribution of 605.6 Euros with a p-value of 0.073, while the intervention net contribution in the older group had a very high p-value. Using the statistical model it was also possible to study contributions of other variables and interactions. This study established that the HRCA model and the integrated model produced approximately the same monetary outcomes. The integrated model, however, allowed a deeper understanding of the various possible relationships and quantified the results with confidence intervals.

  • 3. Landstad, Bodil Johanne
    et al.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Ivergård, Toni
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Gelin, Gunnar
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Change in pattern of absenteeism as a result of workplace intervention for personnel support2001Ingår i: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 63-81Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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