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Clouding of nonionic surfactants
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering. Univ Coimbra, Dept Chem, P-3004535 Coimbra, Portugal. (FSCN)
Univ Algarve, Fac Sci & Technol MEDITBIO, Campus Gambelas,Ed 8, P-8005139 Faro, Portugal.
Lund Univ, Div Theoret Chem, Dept Chem, Ctr Chem & Chem Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, ISSN 1359-0294, E-ISSN 1879-0399, Vol. 22, 23-29 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nonionic surfactants have broad applications such as cleaning and dispersion stabilization, which frequently are hampered by strong temperature sensitivities. As manifested by clouding and decreased solubility with increasing temperature, the interaction between water and the oligo(oxyethylene) head-groups is becoming less favorable. Different aspects of surfactant self-assembly, like the critical micelle concentration, micelle size and shape, intermicellar interactions and phase separation phenomena are reviewed as well as suggested underlying causes of the temperature dependence. Furthermore, the effect of cosolutes on clouding and the behavior of related systems, non-aqueous solutions and nonionic polymers, are examined. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 22, 23-29 p.
Keyword [en]
Nonionic surfactant, Clouding, Oxyethylene, Micelle growth, Phase separation
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-28709DOI: 10.1016/j.cocis.2016.01.005ISI: 000378963200005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84978477270OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-28709DiVA: diva2:974680
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-06 Last updated: 2016-09-27Bibliographically approved

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