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The Physiological Capacity of the World's Highest Ranked Female Cross-country Skiers
Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Ctr Elite Sports Res, Dept Neurosci, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Ctr Elite Sports Res, Dept Neurosci, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
Norwegian Sch Sports Sci, Dept Phys Performance, Oslo, Norway.
Norwegian Sch Sports Sci, Dept Phys Performance, Oslo, Norway.
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2016 (English)In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 48, no 6, 1091-1100 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Purpose The objective of this study is to compare the physiological capacity and training characteristics of the world's six highest ranked female cross-country skiers (world class (WC)) with those of six competitors of national class (NC). Methods Immediately before the start of the competition season, all skiers performed three 5-min submaximal stages of roller skiing on a treadmill for measurement of oxygen cost, as well as a 3-min self-paced performance test using both the double poling (DP) and diagonal stride (DIA) techniques. During the 3-min performance tests, the total distance covered, peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), and accumulated oxygen deficit were determined. Each skier documented the intensity and mode of their training during the preceding 6 months in a diary. Results There were no differences between the groups with respect to oxygen cost or gross efficiency at the submaximal speeds. The WC skiers covered 6%-7% longer distances during the 3-min tests and exhibited average VO2peak values of approximate to 70 and approximate to 65 mLmin(-1)kg(-1) with DIA and DP, respectively, which were 10% and 7% higher than the NC skiers (all P < 0.05). However, the accumulated oxygen deficit did not differ between groups. From May to October, the WC skiers trained a total of 532 73 h (270 +/- 26 sessions) versus 411 +/- 62 h (240 +/- 27 sessions) for the NC skiers. In addition, the WC skiers performed 26% more low-intensity and almost twice as much moderate-intensity endurance and speed training (all P < 0.05). Conclusions This study highlights the importance of a high oxygen uptake and the ability to use this while performing the different skiing techniques on varying terrains for female cross-country skiers to win international races. In addition, the training data documented here provide benchmark values for female endurance athletes aiming for medals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 48, no 6, 1091-1100 p.
Keyword [en]
AEROBIC CAPACITY, ANAEROBIC CAPACITY, CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING, EFFICIENCY, ENDURANCE TRAINING, STRENGTH TRAINING
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-28477DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000862ISI: 000376617900015PubMedID: 26741124Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84953277112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-28477DiVA: diva2:949601
Available from: 2016-07-21 Created: 2016-07-21 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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