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Salivary testosterone and cortisol responses to four different rugby training exercise protocols
Univ Queensland, Sch Human Movement & Nutr Sci, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia.
Univ Queensland, Sch Human Movement & Nutr Sci, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia; Swimming Australia Ltd, Belconnen, ACT, Australia.
Univ Queensland, Sch Human Movement & Nutr Sci, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia.
Swansea Univ, Coll Engn, A STEM, Swansea, W Glam, Wales.
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2015 (English)In: European Journal of Sport Science, ISSN 1746-1391, E-ISSN 1536-7290, Vol. 15, no 6, 497-504 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study assessed the acute response of salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations to four exercise protocols in 27 elite male rugby players. Each athlete completed four protocols in random order on separate in-season weeks. Two protocols were resistance training based consisting of four exercises (high pull, bench press, squat and chin-ups/prone row): Protocol 1 consisted of 5 sets of 15 repetitions at 55% of 1 repetition maximum (1 RM) with 1-minute rest (5 x 15-55%). Protocol 2 consisted of three sets of five repetitions at 85% 1 RM with 2-minute rest (3 x 5-85%). Protocol 3 was a strongman (STRNG) session consisting of three stations within a circuit of exercises that included exercises such as battling ropes, prowler push, farmer's walk and tyre flips. Protocol 4 was based on boxing and wrestling inspired exercises (combative - COMB). Salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations were measured before (PRE) and immediately after exercise (POST). Testosterone did not significantly change as a result of any intervention, whereas cortisol declined and the testosterone to cortisol (T/C) ratio increased significantly in both the 5 x 15-55% and 3 x 5-85% protocol. When results were retrospectively grouped and analysed according to the protocol that demonstrated the greatest absolute testosterone response, significant (P < 0.01) increases for the 5 x 15-55%, STRNG and COMB protocols were observed. The individualised hormone response to exercise observed in this study highlights the importance of recognising a protocol-dependent approach to training athletes. Furthermore this study also highlights a potential usefulness of employing STRNG and COMB training protocols as an alternative stimulus to resistance training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 15, no 6, 497-504 p.
Keyword [en]
boxing, resistance training, endocrine response, Strongman, wrestling
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26525DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2015.1017012ISI: 000361363600006PubMedID: 25743223Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84955177625OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-26525DiVA: diva2:883045
Available from: 2015-12-16 Created: 2015-12-16 Last updated: 2016-03-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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