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Psychosocial working conditions, health and life-style among leaders and co-workers in small-scale enterprises
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5935-5688
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6558-3129
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Problem statement and aim: Small-scale enterprises (SSE) and self-employed individuals are regarded as important contributors to economic development. However, there is a limited understanding about the importance of the psychosocial working conditions, the work-life balance, health and well-being in these enterprises. Research on psychosocial working conditions in SSEs is polarized and shows contradictory results, and it is often stated that SSEs have trouble with workplace health processes due to their limited economic and personnel resources, and lack of support from e.g. Occupational and health services (OHS). Research shows that the self-employed experience high job satisfaction, and high levels of job control and job demands.  The aim of this study is to explore the psychosocial working conditions, health and lifestyle among leaders and co-workers in SSEs.

Materials and method: The data reported here is part of a research- and development project concerning workplace-based interventions in SSEs. In the present s study, 18 enterprises with a population of 249 individuals (231 co-workers, 18 leaders) participated. The individuals answered three validated questionnaires about areas covering health, psychosocial working conditions and workplace health promotion. Also, the leaders answered a questionnaire about stress-related factors, life-style and work-life balance.  

Results: Preliminary results are that around 60 percent of the co-workers have high work demands, 75 percent get support from the leaders and 40 percent report sickness absence more than two times during the last year. The leaders report high work demands, high job control, long working days and several stress related symptoms. However, around 75 percent of the leaders report high job satisfaction. The results also point at interesting differences between the leaders and co-workers and between individuals from different industrial sectors.

Conclusions and implications: There are differences in psychosocial working conditions and self-rated health between leaders and co-workers in different industrial sectors. The results point at the need for workplace-based health interventions in small-scale enterprises with measures for both leaders and co-workers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26378OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-26378DiVA: diva2:877685
Conference
Understanding Small Enterprises (USE) 2015, Groningen, The Netherlands, 21-23 October 2015
Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2015-12-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • Other locale
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