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Subjective well-being among the self-employed in Europe - macroeconomy, gender and immigrant status
Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5935-5688
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2867-8537
Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
2016 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 46, no 2, 239-253 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research shows that the selfemployed generally experience a higher degree of jobsatisfaction compared to regular employees. However, our knowledge of subjective well-being among the self-employed, the differences between various groups of self-employed and the potential influence of contextual factors is somewhat limited. The purpose of the present paper is to address this gap by taking macroeconomic conditions, gender and immigrant status into consideration. The results show that selfemployment is positively related to subjective wellbeing, but there are also differences between groups of the self-employed; self-employed with employees report a higher level of life satisfaction than the selfemployed without employees. Economic growth is more important for the level of life satisfaction among the self-employed than among employees. The analyses also point to different patterns for female and male self-employed without employees: only women experience a higher level of life satisfaction compared to employees. The results also show that the relationship is stronger among immigrants than natives. The results of this study confirm the importance of considering potential heterogeneity when examining subjective well-being among the self-employed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 46, no 2, 239-253 p.
Keyword [en]
Self-employment, Subjective well-being, Life satisfaction, Economic growth, Immigrant status, Gender, Europe
National Category
Sociology Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26090DOI: 10.1007/s11187-015-9682-9ISI: 000368738300004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84955337592OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-26090DiVA: diva2:861304
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Note

Publ online 13 October 2015

Available from: 2015-10-16 Created: 2015-10-16 Last updated: 2016-06-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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More languages
Output format
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