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Physical self-esteem and personality traits in Swedish physically inactive female high school students: an intervention study
Department of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institutet.
Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet.
Department of Psychiatry, Tiohundra AB, Norrtälje.
University of Gothenburg, Linnaeus University, Kalmar.
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2016 (English)In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 28, no 4, 363-372 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Physical activity provides fundamental health benefits and plays a positive role in physical well-being. The aim of this present study was to investigate whether a 6-month physical activity program could influence physical self-esteem and frequency of physical activity in physically inactive female high school students in short- and long-term periods and whether personality traits were related to physical activity behaviour and compliance with the program. METHODS: The study was a cluster-randomised controlled intervention study including 104 physically inactive female high school students aged 16-19 years, 60 females in an intervention group and 44 females in a control group. The intervention group exercised at sport centres at least once per week during a 6-month period. Questionnaires were used for evaluation. RESULTS: At a 6-month follow up, the intervention group improved physical self-perception in all subdomains and significantly improved physical condition, physical self-worth and self-related health compared to the control group. At 1-year follow up, 25 females out of 53 females were still physically active, and all ratings remained almost the same as at the 6-month follow up. There were no particular personality traits that were dominant in the groups. CONCLUSION: A 6-month physical activity program can positively influence physical self-esteem and the frequency of physical activity, both from a short- and long-term perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 28, no 4, 363-372 p.
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26004DOI: 10.1515/ijamh-2015-0017PubMedID: 26351904Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84989956698OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-26004DiVA: diva2:857458
Available from: 2015-09-29 Created: 2015-09-29 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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