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Information and communication technology as a tool to increase accessibility to care
2009 (English)Other (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is well established that the industrialized world is witnessing a significant change in the age profile of the population that will challenge the way healthcare is provided to older people. The increased prevalence of healthcare problems and instances of chronic conditions while having less available staff implies that more needs to be done with less resource. It is known that use of information and communication technology (ICT) has been experienced as positive for ill people living at home and their caregivers. eHealth combines the usage of ICT to support the remote monitoring of people with chronic illness in their home environment. This has influenced work of district nurses and has led to the support of such forming an important part of their work. The aim of the study was to describe the experiences of people with chronic illness and assistants who used information and communication technology (ICT) to communicate through picture and sound with the district nurse. A qualitative case study design was chosen and the case comprises one district nurse at a primary healthcare centre and one of her patients, and his assistants. The data collection process included repeated interviews and the district nurse also keeping a logbook. An application of new technology in form of an electronic communication program via a computer with Internet connection was used for communication through picture and sound between the district nurse and the people with chronic illness, their relatives and assistants. The program consists of a virtual room and enables direct communication through use of picture and sound in real time or as saved massages. The communication program enables the people with chronic illness and assistants to get into contact with the district nurse and to communicate about his health status. Data were analysed using content analysis. The results showed that using ICT increased the accessibility to care through the use of picture and sound facility in real time. This was something all the participants experienced as positively. However, the district nurse found it difficult to judge the patient's condition via ICT. It was difficult to make a decision without knowing the patient's prior condition. Nevertheless, all participants felt safe about ICT because the need for accessibility to care related to progression in the case of the chronic illness. In conclusion, the result indicates that information and communication technology increases accessibility to care and nursing for people with serious chronic illness living at home. However, this way of communicating and providing care for these people cannot replace a physical presence, but it could be seen as a complement to nursing care at home. © 2009 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, pages
2009.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25768OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-25768DiVA: diva2:857097
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-08-26 Last updated: 2015-09-28Bibliographically approved

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Söderberg, Siv
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf