miun.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Prevalence of and risk factors for hepatitis B virus infection among street-recruited young injection and non-injection heroin users in Barcelona, Madrid and Seville
Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III.
Hospital Carlos III, Madrid.
Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III,.
Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona .
Show others and affiliations
2008 (English)In: European Addiction Research, ISSN 1022-6877, E-ISSN 1421-9891, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 116-124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: To evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and associated factors in 949 heroin users (HU): injectors (IHUs) and non-injectors (NIHUs). Methods: Cross-sectional study; structured questionnaire administered by computer-assisted personal interviewing and audio computer-assisted self-interviewing; dry blood samples analysed for the hepatitis B core antigen and hepatitis B surface antigen; bivariate analysis and logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of infection was significantly higher in IHUs (22.5%) than in NIHUs (7.4%) in the three cities. In the logistic analysis of male IHUs, infection was found to be associated with living in Seville, age over 25, foreign nationality, having had a sexual partner who traded sex, hepatitis C virus infection, and having injected for more than 5 years. In female IHUs, HBV infection was associated with age over 25, having injected as the first main route of administration, and having begun to inject before 18 years of age. In NIHUs, the associated factors were female gender, foreign nationality and having been tattooed. In young IHUs, the prevalence of HBV infection remains four times higher than in the general population of the same age group. Conclusion: The vaccination strategy urgently needs to be reinforced and redesigned to achieve acceptable control of the HBV infection in the most vulnerable groups, with special attention to immigrants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
S. Karger, 2008. Vol. 14, no 3, p. 116-124
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25976DOI: 10.1159/0 0 0130 415OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-25976DiVA, id: diva2:856955
Available from: 2015-09-26 Created: 2015-09-26 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Silva, Teresa

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Silva, Teresa
In the same journal
European Addiction Research
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 29 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf