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An experimental study on catalytic bed materials in a biomass dual fluidised bed gasifier
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
2015 (English)In: Renewable energy, ISSN 0960-1481, E-ISSN 1879-0682, Vol. 81, p. 251-261Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A study on in-bed material catalytic reforming of tar/CH4 has been performed in the 150 kW allothermal gasifier at Mid Sweden University (MIUN). The major challenge in biomass fluidised-bed gasification to produce high-quality syngas, is the reforming of tars and CH4. The MIUN gasifier has a unique design suitable for in-bed tar/CH4 catalytic reforming and continuously internal regeneration of the reactive bed material. This paper evaluates the catalytic effects of olivine and Fe-impregnated olivine (10%wtFe/olivine Catalyst) with reference to silica sand in the MIUN dual fluidised bed (DFB) gasifier. Furthermore, a comparative experimental test is carried out with the same operation condition and bed-materials when the gasifier is operated in the mode of single bubbling fluidised bed (BFB), in order to detect the internal regeneration of the catalytic bed materials in the DFB operation. The behaviour of catalytic and non-catalytic bed materials differs when they are used in the DFB and the BFB. Fe/olivine and olivine in the BFB mode give lower tar and CH4 content together with higher H-2 + CO concentration, and higher H-2/CO ratio, compared to DFB mode. It is hard to show a clear advantage of Fe/olivine over olivine regarding tar/CH4 catalytic reforming. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 81, p. 251-261
Keywords [en]
Biomass gasification, Tar reforming, Catalytic bed material, Dual fluidised bed
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25638DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2015.03.020ISI: 000355359900025Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84936949072OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-25638DiVA, id: diva2:849477
Available from: 2015-08-28 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Göransson, KristinaSöderlind, UlfEngstrand, PerZhang, Wennan

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