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The effects of counseling on fear of childbirth
Uppsala Univ, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Uppsala, Sweden.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
Uppsala Univ, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Uppsala, Sweden.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Uppsala Univ, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6985-6729
2015 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 94, no 6, 629-636 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ObjectiveTo investigate women's experiences of attending existing counseling programs for childbirth-related fear and the effect of this counseling over time. DesignA longitudinal survey. SettingThree hospitals in the central north of Sweden. SampleA selected sample of 936 women. Of these, 70 received counseling due to fear of childbirth (study-group). MethodsData were collected with questionnaires 2months and 1year after giving birth with background data collected during midpregnancy. Comparisons were made between women with or without counseling. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) were calculated. Main outcome measuresSelf-reported childbirth fear, experience of counseling, birth experience and preferred mode of birth. ResultsWomen in the counseling group reported higher childbirth fear 1year after giving birth (OR 5.0, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.6-9.3), they had a more negative birth experience that did not change over time (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.9) and they preferred cesarean section to a greater extent (OR 12.0, 95% CI 5.1-28.1) in the case of another birth. Also, they were more often delivered by planned cesarean section (OR 4.7, 95% CI 2.4-9.1). However, 80% were satisfied with the given support. ConclusionAlthough women were satisfied with the treatment, this study shows that counseling had a minor effect on fear of childbirth, birth experiences or cesarean section rates. To help women with their fear of childbirth, more effective methods of treatment are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 94, no 6, 629-636 p.
Keyword [en]
Birth experience, childbirth fear, cesarean section, counseling, support
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25664DOI: 10.1111/aogs.12634ISI: 000354398300012PubMedID: 25772528Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84929144778OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-25664DiVA: diva2:849349
Available from: 2015-08-28 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2015-08-28Bibliographically approved

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