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Individens förmåga att ta ansvar för sin egen säkerhet: Särskilt utsatta grupper
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. (Risk and Crisis Research Center)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0202-0609
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
The Ability of Individuals to take Reponsibility for their own Safety : Particularly exposed groups (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka typer av kroppsliga och sociala orsaker som kan orsaka reduktion i förmåga och möjlighet att ta eget ansvar för sin säkerhet. Särskilt fokuserade studien på grupper som kan antas ha begränsad sådan förmåga. En litteraturöversikt har genomförts på forskningslitteratur och praktisk litteratur samt intervjuer med såväl deltagare från några utsatta grupper som forskare och yrkesprofessionella på olika verksamhetsnivåer.

Litteraturen visar att de samlade resurserna inom områdena privatekonomi, hälsa och sociala kontakter utgör de mest påverkande faktorerna för den enskildes förmåga att ta ansvar för sin egen säkerhet. Andra aspekter som bör tas hänsyn till i arbetet i området är riskutsatthet, boendeplats och social respons, därtill att arbeta med olika tidshorisonter. Två exempel på funktionalistiska modeller presenteras samt tre kompletterande modeller som anlägger ett bredare perspektiv på flera livsområden.

Intervjuerna visar att de psykologiska aspekterna uppmärksamhetsriktning och låg stresströskel spelar stor roll för hur individer klarar olika situationer samt att ta ansvar för sin säkerhet. De sociala aspekterna handlar om stabil välfärd, anhörigskap, privatekonomi, boende, informations- och kommunikationsteknik samt social stress.

En central konklusion från studien är att ett holistiskt angreppssätt, som kompletterar det rådande funktionella, behövs för att kunna förstå och stärka förmågan att ta ansvar för sin egen säkerhet. Modellerna och kunskapen från studien kan bidra till en sådan inriktning. 

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to investigate the types of physical and social factors that may reduce individuals' ability to take responsibility for their own security. The study specifically focused on groups that are likely to have limited ability. A review of the state-of-the-art of both academic and professional literature was conducted. Interviews were carried out with participants from some especially vulnerable groups as well as with researchers and professionals from different administrative levels. The literature shows that on an individual level the total amount of financial resources, health and social connections are the most influencing factors for the individual's ability to take responsibility for their own safety. Aspects that should be taken into account in mitigation work are: exposure to risk, living space and social response. The latter referring to the individual's financial resources, health and social network as well as any community and societal support in relation to a hazard. It is also important to work with different time horizons. Two examples of functionalist models are presented as well as three additional models that adopt a broader perspective on many areas of life. The interviews show that the psychological aspects of attention-direction and a low stress threshold are decisive in how individuals handle different situations and how they can take responsibility for their safety. The social aspects concern stable welfare services, kinship, personal finances, accommodations, ICT and social stress. A key conclusion from the study is that a holistic approach, which complements the existing functional approach, is urgently needed in order to understand the issue of the ability to take responsibility for individual safety. A holistic model could also be applied in practical work aiming to strengthen the ability of especially vulnerable groups to take responsibility for their own safety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap , 2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [sv]
Individuellt ansvar, utsatthet, utsatta grupper, resiliens, krisberedskap, sårbarhet, sårbara grupper, C-MIST, NEOBEHR, salutogenes, Socio-bio-psykologisk modell, ICF, den enskildes säkerhet
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-24990ISBN: 978-91-7383-559-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-24990DiVA: diva2:814981
Projects
Individens förmåga att ta ansvar för sin egen säkerhet
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2015-06-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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