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Some specific animal fears are more specific than others: Evidence from attention and emotion measures
Karolinska Institute, Sweden, Superior Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal, University of Aveiro, Portugal .
ISCTE/Lisbon University Institute, Center for Social Research and Intervention (CIS), Lisbon, Portugal.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5403-0091
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden, Stockholm Brain Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, University of Florida, USA.
2009 (English)In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 47, no 12, p. 1032-1042Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a visual search methodology we investigated the effect of feared animal stimuli on attention. Our results confirmed the important role of emotion on attention. All participants detected fear-relevant stimuli (snakes and spiders) faster than neutral (mushrooms) ones against a background of fruits. In addition, spider fearful participants were sensitized specifically to detect their feared stimulus (spiders), compared to their fear-relevant but non-feared (snakes) and neutral stimuli. However, for participants fearful of snakes there was no significant difference in detection latencies between the feared (snakes) and the fear-relevant but non-feared animal stimuli (spiders). The results from the attention task were mirrored in the emotional ratings, which showed that spider fear was highly specific, whereas snake fear was associated with a more generalized enhanced evaluation of all negative stimuli.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 47, no 12, p. 1032-1042
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-23740DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2009.07.022PubMedID: 19695561OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-23740DiVA, id: diva2:771525
Available from: 2014-12-14 Created: 2014-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Esteves, Francisco

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