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Attachment insecurity and strategies for regulation: When emotion triggers attention
Centro de Investigação e de Intervenção Social, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal.
Escola de Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Portugal.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Centro de Investigação e de Intervenção Social, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5403-0091
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 53, no 1, 9-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Attachment-related strategies are thought to be critical for regulation and processing of emotional information. This study examined biases in selective attention to emotional stimuli as a function of insecure attachment. Participants searched for a single target image preceded by to-be-ignored distracters depicting emotional images varying in valence and arousal. Results revealed that, in general, negative distracters affected accuracy levels, and that the anxious attached participants showed a clear interference of the emotional distracters. In contrast, the avoidant group evinced a higher control on such interference. In addition, arousal ratings to distracter images indicated superior emotional activation only for anxious attached participants. Consistent with the evolutionary-based attachment theory threat-related stimuli prompted priority attentional responses. Present findings are in line with evidence showing the deployment of distinct strategies in insecurely attached individuals for the regulation of attention to emotional information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 53, no 1, 9-16 p.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-23736DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2011.00924.xPubMedID: 22023151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-23736DiVA: diva2:771517
Available from: 2014-12-14 Created: 2014-12-14 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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