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In the grip of fear: Dissociations in attentional processing of animal fearful individuals
University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5403-0091
Department of Clinical Neurosciences Section of Psychology Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 11-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a modified attention paradigm we investigated specific attentional mechanisms in processing animal feared stimuli. In this paradigm arrays of four pictures were displayed and after its disappearance from view a probe (a letter, X or P) then followed unpredictably in the location of one of the four pictures. The results showed that discriminations of probes tended to be impeded by spider stimuli, compared to snake stimuli. This effect was potentiated by high anxiety but only for those individuals fearful of spiders, since no such effect was observed for snake fearful individuals. Moreover, the discrimination of the probes was not facilitated when presented after the feared stimuli. The implications of these findings are discussed as a function of the cognitive bias involved in specific fear.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 56, no 1, p. 11-17
Keywords [en]
Attentional capture, Choice reaction time task, Snake fear, Spider fear
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-23731DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12179ISI: 000348444200002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84921054282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-23731DiVA, id: diva2:771443
Available from: 2014-12-13 Created: 2014-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Esteves, Francisco

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