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Will you thrive under pressure or burn out? Linking anxiety motivation and emotional exhaustion
Department of Psychology, ISCTE-IUL – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.
Católica-Lisbon School of Business and Economics, Catholic University of Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology. Department of Psychology, ISCTE-IUL – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5403-0091
2015 (English)In: Cognition & Emotion, ISSN 0269-9931, E-ISSN 1464-0600, Vol. 29, no 4, 578-591 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Can individual differences in the tendency to use anxiety as a source of motivation explain emotional exhaustion? We examined the effects of using anxiety as a source of energy or as a source of information (viewed here as two forms of anxiety motivation) on emotional exhaustion. In Study 1, the use of anxiety as a source of energy predicted decreased emotional exhaustion one year later. Moreover, both forms of anxiety motivation buffered people from the detrimental effects of trait anxiety on later emotional exhaustion. In Study 2, an experiment, participants who were instructed to use anxiety as a source of energy reported lower emotional exhaustion following a stressful task, compared to those instructed to focus on the task or to simply do their best. These findings suggest that using anxiety as a source of motivation may protect people against emotional exhaustion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 29, no 4, 578-591 p.
Keyword [en]
Anxiety, Burnout, Emotional exhaustion, Energy, Motivation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-23730DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2014.922934Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928588311OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-23730DiVA: diva2:771442
Available from: 2014-12-13 Created: 2014-12-13 Last updated: 2015-08-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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