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Different Risk Factors Between Disruptive Behavior Disorders and ADHD in Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986
University of Oulu, Finland.
University of Oulu, Finland.
Uppsala universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1209-8802
University of Nebraska, Omaha, USA.
Show others and affiliations
2014 (English)In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, E-ISSN 1557-1246Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine different risk factors between disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) and ADHD or combined DBD and ADHD. Method: The study population was derived from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986. Psychiatric diagnoses were defined from the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children–Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) interview. The study sample was divided into four groups—people with DBD (n = 44), with ADHD (n = 91), with both (n = 72), and without either (n = 250)—to evaluate the different risk factors behind these disorders. Results: After adjusting with possible confounding factors, female gender and paternal admittance to inpatient psychiatric care increased the odds that an adolescent was having DBD. Childhood hyperactivity symptoms increased the odds of having ADHD and childhood hyperactivity symptoms and scholastic impairment increased the odds of having both disorders. Conclusion: Our study indicates DBD and ADHD have clearly different risk factors, and the impact of the paternal factors on DBD should be noted more than has been before.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
disruptive behavioral disorder, ADHD, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, comorbidity
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-23358DOI: 10.1177/1087054714538654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-23358DiVA: diva2:761333
Available from: 2014-11-06 Created: 2014-11-06 Last updated: 2016-09-05Bibliographically approved

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