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Psychosocial predictors of smoking and exercise during pregnancy
Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1209-8802
Uppsala University.
Uppsala University.
2000 (English)In: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, ISSN 0264-6838, E-ISSN 1469-672X, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 203-223Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined health behaviours among nulliparous pregnant Swedish women. Structural equation modelling ( N = 350) was used to predict smoking and exercise at gestational weeks 20 and 32 from psychosocial factors measured in early and mid-pregnancy. Although women altered their lifestyle early in pregnancy, so that by gestational week 20 both smoking and exercise had declined, previous behaviours remained strong and consistent predictors of later behaviours. Hostility and health awareness predicted smoking at both weeks 20 and 32. Smoking at week 32 was also predicted by concurrent perceived stress. Exercise at week 20 was predicted by hostility, social support, stress, and whether or not the pregnancy was planned; and at week 32 only health awareness was significant. Social support had a significant indirect effect on each behaviour, which suggests that social support facilitated compliance with health professionals' recommendations. These results suggest that psychosocial factors previously associated with health outcomes also predict health behaviours throughout pregnancy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2000. Vol. 18, no 3, p. 203-223
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-23030DOI: 10.1080/713683039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-23030DiVA, id: diva2:748456
Note

Published online: 04 Aug 2010

Available from: 2014-09-19 Created: 2014-09-19 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Rodriguez, Alina

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