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Ekonomisk hantering av gömda barn i skolan - en fallstudie av Trollhättans kommun
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Socialtjänsten publicerade år 1999 en rapport som påpekade behov av tydligare ekonomiska regler för hantering av gömda barn i skolan. Gömda barn definieras som avvisade flyktingbarn som vägrat lämna Sverige. Barnen gömmer sig ensamma eller med familj. Ett fåtal av dessa barn har förekommit i skolor under flera år, hjälpta av rektorer, skolpersonal, ideella organisationer och kyrkan. Från 1 juli år 2013 är det lagstadgat att gömda barn har rätt till utbildning på lika villkor som asylsökande och svenska medborgare, med undantag för betyg. De ska inte finnas officiella spår av dem, vilket innebär att endast utvalda personer känner till barnets riktiga identitet.Studien fokuserar på ett ekonomiskt perspektiv med barnperspektiv som komplement. Efter den nya lagändringen stadgades har skolor rätt att ansöka om statsbidrag för gömda elever. Staten bidrog år 2013 med 25 miljoner, och år 2014 med 50 miljoner kronor. Hela reformen beräknas kosta över 100 miljoner kronor.Studien visar att gömda barn enligt skollagen har rätt till stöd i form av modersmålsundervisning, individuellt anpassad undervisningsplan, skolskjuts som bekostas av skolan, kurator och specialpedagog. Innan lagändringen bidrog skolan i många fall med mindre summor till aktivitet efter skoltid, glasögon, mediciner, m.m. Hjälpen till den gömda eleven avgjordes av rektorn. Skolan samarbetar i möjligaste mån med ideella organisationer och kyrkan för att utsatta barn ska få ta del av skänkta kläder och mat.Anonyma intervjuer har gjorts i studien med två skolsköterskor och en rektor i Trollhättan. Deras svar bidrog till den ekonomiska bilden samt barnperspektiv av gömda elever i skolan. Sju skolor i Trollhättan observerades, och utifrån resultatet drogs generella antaganden om att område och möjlighet för gömda barn att smälta in, påverkar valet av skola för dessa utsatta elever. Lagen förbjuder skolor att vägra något barn utbildning från år 2013. Nya förhållningsregler måste fastställas för att utbildningspersonals hantering av dessa inofficiella barn sker på bästa möjliga sätt ekonomiskt och ur barnperspektiv.

Abstract [en]

Social welfare published in year 1999 a report which pointed out the need of clearer economic rules for handling hidden children in school. Hidden children are defined as rejected refugee who refused to leave Sweden. The children are hiding, alone or with their family. A few of these children have been in school for several years, helped by principals, school staff, nonprofit organizations and church. From 1 July 2013 hidden children has the right to education on equal terms with asylum seekers and Swedish nationals, with the exception of grades. They'll still be no official trace of them, which means that only selected people know about the child's true identity.Previous research has predominantly focused on asylum seekers from the child's perspective, or medical interest. This study focus on an economic perspective. After the new change in the law, schools may apply for standard contribution for hidden students. Government contributed in 2013 with 25 million, and in 2014 by 50 million. The whole reform is estimated to cost over 100 million.This study shows that hidden children now have the right for support in home language, individualized curriculum, school transportation, counselor and special education. Even before change in the law, the school helped in many cases with smaller sums for activity after school, eyeglasses, medications, etc. Help to the hidden pupil was settled before by the principal. The school cooperates as far as possible with non-profit organizations and church. It helps vulnerable children to partake of donated clothes and food.Anonymous interviews were conducted with two nurses and a principal. Their response has contributed to the economic image of hidden students in the school. Seven schools in Trollhättan was observed. General assumptions were drawn from the results, that the area and the opportunity for hidden children to blend in, affecting the choice of school for these vulnerable students. The conclusion, however, found that all the schools in Sweden may receive hidden children in the near future. The law forbids them to deny any child education from 2013. New conduct must therefore be developed to education staff for handle these unofficial children the best possible financial and from children's perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 56 p.
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-22095Local ID: FÖ-H13-G3-066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-22095DiVA: diva2:721796
Subject / course
Business Administration FE1
Educational program
BSc Programme in Business and Economics SEKOG 180 higher education credits
Presentation
, Sundsvall (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-03-06 Created: 2014-06-05 Last updated: 2015-03-06Bibliographically approved

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