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Effect of heat on interspecific competition in saprotrophic wood fungi
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. (Forest Biodiversity)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. (Forest Biodiversity)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. (Forest biodiversity)
2014 (English)In: Fungal ecology, ISSN 1754-5048, Vol. 11, 100-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Some boreal wood fungi that are associated with forest fire or open dry habitats have an increased resistance to heat in comparison to species associated with a less specific distribution or species found in mesic forests. We hypothesize that extreme temperature-stress experienced during fires will favor species adapted to heat and, ultimately, the composition of species inhabiting logs in such habitats will change. Competitiveness after temperature stress was examined in three fire-associated species – Dichomitus squalens, Gloeophyllum sepiarium and Phlebiopsis gigantea – and three non fire-associated species – Ischnoderma benzoinum, Phellinus pini and Fomitopsis pinicola. There was a difference between the fire-associated species and the non fire-associated species with respect to competitive strength after heat stress. All fire-associated species had an advantage after heat treatment, colonizing a larger volume of wood than any non-fire-associated competitor. Our findings suggest that increased heat tolerance of mycelia can exert a competitive balance shift after forest fire. It shows that a system governed by forest fire will be dominance controlled under certain conditions. Furthermore, from a management perspective, during a prescribed burning, certain species already present in the ecosystem will be favored if the fire is not allowed to totally consume the substrates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 11, 100-106 p.
Keyword [en]
Fungi, fire, dead wood, Basidiomycetes; Community interactions; Forest fire; Heat resistance; Mycelia; Wood fungi
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-21408DOI: 10.1016/j.funeco.2014.05.003ISI: 000342244000011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84906738682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-21408DiVA: diva2:698165
Available from: 2014-02-20 Created: 2014-02-20 Last updated: 2015-07-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Wood Fungi and Forest Fire
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wood Fungi and Forest Fire
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Forest fires have been the major stand-replacing/modifying disturbance in boreal forests. To adapt to fire disturbance, different strategies have evolved. This thesis focuses on wood fungi, and the effect of forest fire on this organism group. In many ways it is a study on adaptation to forest fire, in concurrence with adaptation to dry open habitats. In Paper I we study increased heat resistance in  mycelia from species prevalent in fire prone environments. Fungi were cultivated on fresh wood and exposed to different temperatures. Species prevalent in fire affected habitats had a much higher survival rate over all combinations of time and temperature compared to species associated with other environments. Based on this results the competitiveness was tested after temperature stress (paper II), three fire associated species, were tested against three non fire associated species. All fire associated species had a clear advantage after heat treatment, conquering a larger volume of wood than its competitor. In paper III we studied the effect of heat shock on decomposition rate, 18 species was tested. Species were cultivated and monitored for CO2 accumulation for 8 weeks and then heat shocked. All species including non fire associated species seemed to up-regulate decomposition after heat shock, this response was more pronounced in fire associated species. To look at the possible effect of forest fire on population structure (Paper IV), we developed 29 SNP/INDELs for Phlebiopsis. gigantea. We amplified the marker containing fragments in 132 individuals of P. gigantea in 6 populations, 3 which were found in areas affected by forest fire and 3 in unaffected areas. We found no genetic structure in accordance to forest fire. However we detected geographic structure, which stands in contrast to earlier studies. This might be due to the method, using SNP´s and number of individuals in the study. Finally we collected cross-sections of decayed logs to evaluate the number of fungal species domains that are likely to be hit when drilling a saw-dust sample in a log. We used these estimates to simulate how many species that will be found by a certain number of samples. We found that in 99% of the

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2014. 178 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 204
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-23062 (URN)978-91-87557-88-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-03, M111, Holmgatan 10, Sundsvall, 11:22 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-24 Last updated: 2015-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Carlsson, FredrikEdman, MattiasHolm, SvanteJonsson, Bengt Gunnar
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