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The impact of cultural distance on perceived service quality gaps: the case of alpine tourism
University of Innsbruck.
University of Innsbruck.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3964-2716
2000 (English)In: Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism, ISSN 1528-008X, E-ISSN 1528-0098, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The data base of previously published research which tested a SERVQUAL-Gap model for tourists' judgments with respect to service quality for seven different quality dimensions and seven different vacation activities in alpine tourism (Weiermair and Fuchs 1999, Fuchs and Weiermair 1998) is used to explore the potential impact of tourists' cultural belonging upon their judgment regarding the overall and partial service quality experience in different settings of tourism activities. Using respondents' characteristics with respect to their country of residence and past vacation experience in alpine skiing the paper attempts to construct a proxy for cultural distance which subsequently is tested for its impact upon service quality judgments of tourists. A bifurcation hypothesis is proposed and used, whereby tourists from very distant cultures either display high tolerance levels for “exotic” or non-familiar service quality, thus yielding high quality judgment scores or alternatively, cultural distance is associated with higher transaction costs of the tourism experience resulting in significantly lower quality judgment scores. The presence of a matrix of 49 separate service quality scores allowed to differentiate the cultural impact hypothesis with respect to different service quality settings. The paper provides some tentative conclusions which have important ramification regarding the question of product development and the management and/or control of service quality for culturally different tourist segments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 1, no 2, p. 59-75
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-21366DOI: 10.1300/J162v01n02_04OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-21366DiVA, id: diva2:697775
Available from: 2014-02-19 Created: 2014-02-19 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Fuchs, Matthias

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