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Does upper-body compression improve 3 × 3-min double-poling sprint performance?
Inst. of Sport Science, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany .
Dept. of Sport Science, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
Inst. of Training Science and Sport Informatics, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany .
Swiss Federal Inst of Sports, Magglingen, Switzerland.
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2014 (English)In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, ISSN 1555-0265, E-ISSN 1555-0273, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 48-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To evaluate whether upper-body compression affects power output and selected metabolic, cardiorespiratory, hemodynamic, and perceptual responses during three 3-min sessions of double-poling (DP) sprint. Method: Ten well-trained male athletes (25 ± 4 y, 180 ± 4 cm, 74.6 ± 3.2 kg) performed such sprints on a DP ski ergometer with and without a long-sleeved compression garment. Result: Mean power output was not affected by such compression (216 ± 25 W in both cases; P = 1.00, effect size [ES] = 0.00), although blood lactate concentration was lowered (P < .05, ES = 0.50-1.02). Blood gases (ES = 0.07-0.50), oxygen uptake (ES = 0.04-0.28), production of carbon dioxide (ES = 0.01-0.46), heart rate (ES = 0.00-0.21), stroke volume (ES = 0.33-0.81), and cardiac output (ES = 0.20-0.91) were also all unaffected by upper-body compression (best P = 1.00). This was also the case for changes in the tissue saturation index (ES = 0.45-1.17) and total blood content of hemoglobin (ES = 0.09-0.85), as well as ratings of perceived exertion (ES = 0.15-0.88; best P = .96). Conclusion: The authors conclude that the performance of well-trained athletes during 3 × 3-min DP sprints will not be enhanced by upper-body compression. © 2014 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 1, p. 48-57
Keywords [en]
Blood gas, Clothing, Near-infrared spectroscopy, Oxygen consumption, Task force
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-21352DOI: 10.1123/IJSPP.2013-0137ISI: 000333364200009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84892924220OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-21352DiVA, id: diva2:697410
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Language of Original Document: English

Available from: 2014-02-18 Created: 2014-02-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Holmberg, Hans-Christer

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