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Nurse's perspectives on care provided for patients with gamma-hydroxybutyric acid and gamma-butyrolactone abuse
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 23, no 17-18, 2589-2598 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectives To describe registered nurses' views and experiences providing care for gamma-hydroxybutyric acid and gamma-butyrolactone abuse inpatients in a psychiatric unit.

Background Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid and gamma-butyrolactone are illegal drugs with potentially fatal outcomes that are entering wider use in Scandinavia. Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid-dependent persons with withdrawal symptoms often require forceful withdrawal treatment provided in psychiatric units.

Design A qualitative study with a purposive sample including interviews from registered nurses.

Methods Data were collected from interviews with 15 registered nurses working in specialised dependency units in psychiatric wards. The data collected were analysed through a descriptive, qualitative analysis.

Results The registered nurses' narratives revealed four main areas of convergence: feelings of anxiety and despair, preparation for unpredictable and precarious situations, striving for good relationship and striving to optimise and develop nursing care. The interviews revealed that registered nurses reflect on and discuss their feelings about their patients' situations with colleagues; prepare themselves for potential aggressiveness and unpredictable situations; improve their care through conscious attitude adjustment and relationship-forming behaviours; and strive to increase their personal knowledge, maintain a hopeful outlook and exhibit a positive approach. These themes were found in all nine categories and sixteen subcategories.

Discussion The findings based on the registered nurses' narratives indicated that the registered nurses experienced their work situation when caring for these patients to be very complex and demanding.

Conclusion The study revealed that registered nurses worked extensively to craft their approach and attitude towards their patients. It is clear that registered nurses use themselves as tools or instruments for the creation of good relationships, thus providing the best care possible.

Relevance to clinical practice Registered nurses should be given more education, clearer guidelines and better guidance to assist them in facing such challenging and often problematic situations. One-on-one shadowing provides the possibility to create and develop relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 23, no 17-18, 2589-2598 p.
Keyword [en]
Content analysis, Nurse-patient relationship, Psychiatric nursing, Qualitative study, Substance abuse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-21180DOI: 10.1111/jocn.12475ISI: 000339431300022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84904594858OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-21180DiVA: diva2:691891
Note

Publ online 25 Dec 2013

Available from: 2014-01-29 Created: 2014-01-29 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved

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Lundahl, Maja-KlaraOlovsson, Karl JohanRönngren, YlvaNorbergh, Karl-Gustaf
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Citation style
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