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Ecosystem services in evaluating value chains when moving toward a bio based society
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
2013 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A worldwide shift from a fossil based to biobased economy is slowly underway. Even if fossil resources will be still be used in foreseeable future, an increased use of biomass as resources, not least for fuels, can be expected. A systematic, worldwide increase in demand of bioresources will inevitably put larger potential pressures on ecosystems and the environment. To be able to minimize or fully avoid damage, or at least unnecessary damage to human welfare, we among other things need the increased understanding of including ecosystem services into life cycle assessment of products and services. Such a combination of understanding basic responses from impacts on ecosystems by technical systems, and environmental interactions of technical systems over the whole value chain of a product or service will give possibilities to identify important hot spots as well as optimizing technology use to minimize damage to important ecosystem services. Yet we have not achieved this. We argue that important reasons are that we still need to understand how to include ecosystem services in LCA, and that this is complicated by the fact that there are two main paradigms regarding ecosystem services – the donor value approach and the receiver value approach. Approaching the problem through the case of an expected increased forest bio fuel production from the boreal forests of the Mid Sweden region, we demonstrate the different approaches. We argue that for now we will probably need to use the two approaches in parallel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-20495OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-20495DiVA: diva2:676703
Conference
Ecological Modelling for Ecosystem Sustainability in the context of Global Change, 19th biennial ISEM Conference, 28-31 October 2013, Toulouse, France
Available from: 2013-12-06 Created: 2013-12-06 Last updated: 2013-12-09Bibliographically approved

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Fröling, MorganGrönlund, Erik
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