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High-speed deposition of multilayer nanofilms using soap-film coating
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2873-7875
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
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2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

High-speed deposition of multilayer nanofilms using soap-film coating

Renyun Zhang, Henrik A. Andersson, Mattias Andersson, Britta Andres, Per Edström, Sverker Edvardsson, Sven Forsberg, Magnus Hummelgård, Niklas Johansson, Kristoffer Karlsson, Hans-Erik Nilsson, Martin Olsen, Tetsu Uesaka, Thomas Öhlund & Håkan Olin

Department of Applied Science and Design, Mid Sweden University, SE-85170 Sundsvall, Sweden

Email: renyun.zhang@miun.se or hakan.olin@miun.se

Coating1 of thin films is of importance for making functionalized surfaces with applications in many fields from electronics to consumer packaging. To decrease the cost, large scale roll-to-roll2 coating techniques are usually done at high speed, for example, ordinary printing paper is coated at a speed of tens of meters per second by depositing micrometer thick layers of clay. However, nanometer thin films are harder to coat at high speed by wet-chemical methods, requiring special roll-to-roll vacuum techniques3 with the cost of higher complexity.

Here, we report a simple wet chemical method for high-speed coating of films down to molecular thicknesses, called soap-film coating (SFC)4. The technique is based on forcing a substrate through a soap film that contains nanomaterials. In the simplest laboratory version, the films can be deposited by a hand-coating procedure set up in a couple of minutes. The method is quite general molecules or nanomaterials or sub-micrometer materials (Figure 1) with thicknesses ranging from less than a monolayer to several layers at speeds up to meters per second. The applications of soap-film coating is quite wide an we will show solar cells, electrochromic devices, optical nanoparticle crystals, and nano-film devices. We believe that the soap-film coating method is potentially important for industrial-scale nanotechnology.

Fig. 1. Soap film coating of nanoparticles, layered materials, nanowires, and molecules. a sub-monolayer 240 nm silica nanoparticle (scale bar 2 µm) b monolayer c double layer. d monolayer gold nanoparticles. e single layer TiO2 nanoparticles. f sub-monolayer polystyrene (scale 2 µm), g monolayer of polystyrene. h triple-layer of polystyrene. i monolayer of Ferritin.  j AFM image of <1.5 layer GO film (3 µm x 2 µm). k clay on glass (scale 2 µm). l SFC coated nanocellulose. m Absorbance spectra Rhodamine B on a glass slide. AFM of SDS layers n (2 µm x 1.5 µm) and o (20 µm x 15 µm).

References

  1. Tracton, A. A. Coating Technology Handbook (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2006).

  2. Ohring, M. Materials science of thin films. (Academic press., 2001).

  3. Charles, B. Vacuum deposition onto webs, films and foils. (William Andrew, 2011).

Zhang, R. Y., Andersson, H. A., Andersson, M., Andres, B., Edström, P., Edvardsson, S., Forsberg, S., Hummelgård, M., Johansson, N., Karlsson, K., Nilsson, H.-E., Olsen, M., Uesaka, T., Öhlund, T., Olin H. Soap film coating: High-speed deposition of multilayer nanofilms. Submitted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-20338Local ID: STCOAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-20338DiVA, id: diva2:667578
Conference
19th International Vacuum Congress (IVC-19), Paris, France, September 9-13 2013
Available from: 2013-11-27 Created: 2013-11-27 Last updated: 2016-10-20Bibliographically approved

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Authority records BETA

Zhang, RenyunAndersson, HenrikAndersson, MattiasAndres, BrittaEdström, PerEdvardsson, SverkerForsberg, SvenHummelgård, MagnusJohansson, NiklasKalsson, KristofferNilsson, Hans-ErikOlsen, MartinÖhlund, ThomasOlin, Håkan

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Zhang, RenyunAndersson, HenrikAndersson, MattiasAndres, BrittaEdström, PerEdvardsson, SverkerForsberg, SvenHummelgård, MagnusJohansson, NiklasKalsson, KristofferNilsson, Hans-ErikOlsen, MartinÖhlund, ThomasOlin, Håkan
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Department of Natural SciencesDepartment of Electronics Design
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