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Hope and athlete burnout: Stress and affect as mediators
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Karlstad University, Sweden. (NVC)
Örebro University, Sweden.
University of Utah, USA.
The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 640-649Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: In this study we examined the relationship between trait hope and burnout in elite junior soccer players and whether stress and positive and negative affect mediated this relationship. Methods: Participants were 238 Swedish soccer players (166 males, 71 females; one did not indicate gender) aged 15-19 years who completed questionnaires measuring trait hope, perceived stress, positive and negative affect, and athlete burnout (i.e., emotional/physical exhaustion, a reduced sense of accomplishment, and sport devaluation). Results: Bivariate correlations were consistent with hope theory contentions indicating significant negative relationships between hope and all three burnout dimensions. The relationship between hope and emotional/physical exhaustion was fully mediated by stress and positive affect. For sport devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment, stress and positive affect partially mediated the relationship with hope. In contrast, negative affect did not mediate the relationship between hope and any of the burnout dimensions. Conclusion: The results support earlier findings that hope is negatively related to athlete burnout. Support was also found for the hypothesis that high hope individuals would experience less stress and therefore less burnout. Promoting hope may be relevant in reducing the likelihood of this detrimental syndrome. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 14, no 5, p. 640-649
Keywords [en]
Coaching, Elite athletes, Emotions, Overtraining, Positive psychology, Stress management, Youth sport
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-19358DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.008ISI: 000324454500006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84878182282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-19358DiVA, id: diva2:645711
Available from: 2013-09-05 Created: 2013-06-19 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Henrik

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CiteExportLink to record
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