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The chronicity and severity of abuse among older persons by country: A European study
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5221-9504
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal .
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4116-5501
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, ISSN 1759-6599, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 3-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate chronicity (frequency) in different abuse types (e.g. psychological) and overall abuse (all abuse types) by severity (minor, severe, total) in seven European cities, and scrutinize factors associated with high chronicity levels (frequency on the median and higher) in psychological and overall abuse by severity. Design/methodology/approach: The study design was cross-sectional. The sample consisted of 4,467 randomly selected women/men (2,559 women) aged 60-84 years from seven European cities, and data were analysed with bivariate and multivariate methods. Findings: Chronicity varied across country and by abuse type. For instance, Germany had the highest chronicity means in physical and sexual abuse; Greece in physical, injury, sexual and overall abuse; Lithuania in physical, injury, financial and overall abuse; Portugal in physical abuse; Spain in physical, sexual and financial abuse; and Sweden in psychological, injury, financial and overall abuse. In general, Italy had the lowest chronicity means. The main perpetrators were people close to the respondents and women (in some cases). Research limitations/implications: The independent relationship (regressions) between chronicity/severity of abuse, country and other variables (e.g. depression) was examined only for psychological and overall abuse. More research into this issue with other types of abuse (e.g. sexual) is warranted. Originality/value: The paper reports data from the ABUEL survey, which gathered population-based data on elderly abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 6, no 1, p. 3-25
Keywords [en]
Abuse, Chronicity, Country, Mental health, Older persons
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-19703DOI: 10.1108/JACPR-06-2013-0015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84890891401OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-19703DiVA, id: diva2:640483
Funder
EU, European Research CouncilAvailable from: 2013-08-13 Created: 2013-08-13 Last updated: 2015-07-01Bibliographically approved

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Soares, Joaquim J. F.Sundin, ÖrjanViitasara, EijaMacassa, Gloria

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Soares, Joaquim J. F.Sundin, ÖrjanViitasara, EijaMacassa, Gloria
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Department of Health SciencesDepartment of Psychology
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