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Staying Power: What Influences Micro-firm Survival in Tourism?
Umeå Universitet.
Umeå Universitet.
2012 (English)In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 15, no 1, 125-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how previous experience and location of entrepreneurs influence the survival of new tourism firms. The paper departs from recent evolutionary economic geography advancements, highlighting the importance of routines and skills as well as location-specific knowledge for firm success. While having been well-researched for manufacturing industries characterized by high entry barriers, little knowledge is currently available on the factors influencing survival rates in service sectors with low entry barriers. A quantitative approach applies hazard models to investigate the survival rates over a seven-year period of a total of 133 new micro-tourism firms started between 1999 and 2001 in the four northernmost counties of Sweden. The geo-referenced micro-database ASTRID links information on firm features (e.g. firm births and deaths, spatial coordinates and industry codes) to characteristics of entrepreneurs (e.g. age, education, previous experience). The main finding is that entrepreneurs with previous work experience in related sectors are more likely to survive and, in this case, entrepreneurs without local experience tend to be less successful. We find no evidence that new firms operating in regions specialized in tourism have a survival advantage. Our analysis also indicates that surviving firms improve performance over time. The paper thus contributes new knowledge on the determinants of micro-firm survival in tourism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2012. Vol. 15, no 1, 125-144 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18778DOI: 10.1080/14616688.2011.647326OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18778DiVA: diva2:617136
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2013-04-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tourism Development in Peripheral Areas: Processes of Local Innovation and Change in Northern Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism Development in Peripheral Areas: Processes of Local Innovation and Change in Northern Sweden
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Tourism has reached almost all regions of the world and has had a notable growth in the peripheral regions of Europe. Attempts at tourism development in rural and peripheral areas have resulted in widely varying outcomes and have often been undertaken as a last resort by communities. Despite mixed results, tourism persists as a tool for regional development. There has not been so much research on the evolving nature of tourism entrepreneurship in regions where tourism is relatively new as a commercial/entrepreneurial activity, e.g., the rural and peripheral north of Europe. This thesis presents Northern Sweden as a regional case study but it is reasonable to assume that the research results are transferable to similar regions with a similar range of nature-based tourism in small communities.

 

The results show that tourism stakeholders co-evolve over time even though formal networks are loose and project-based (Article 1). Tourism firm survival improves for entrepreneurs with previous related experience but there is not necessarily an outsider advantage and new tourism firms contribute to job creation despite high rates of attrition (Article II). Protected areas with unique attributes (e.g., Laponia) can attract distant entrepreneurs but must manage these stakeholders more proactively (Article III). Climate change is a long-term challenge with firms not needing to adapt yet but facing differing exposures dependent on location and firm mobility (Article IV). Finally, evolutionary economic geography helps to better understand the processes of change in tourism in rural and peripheral areas (Article V).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund, Sweden: Mid Sweden University, 2013. 260 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 147
Keyword
change, development, evolution, peripheral, Sweden, tourism.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18664 (URN)ETOUR (Local ID)978-91-87103-70-4 (ISBN)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Public defence
2013-05-28, F229, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-02 Last updated: 2013-05-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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