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Climate Change in Northern Sweden: Intra-regional Perceptions of Vulnerability among Winter-oriented Tourism Businesses
Umeå Universitet.
Umeå Universitet.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 19, no 8, 919-933 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change is a potential threat to society and business. Although research has noted that the tourism sector may be robust on the macro scale, significant losses at local levels have been suggested. This paper examines Upper Norrland, in Northern Sweden, by measuring the perceptions of winter-oriented tourism entrepreneurs. Their perceptions of potential threats from climate change are assessed, including how entrepreneurs view the future, in terms of climate change impacts and sustainability of the region as a winter-tourism destination. A quantitative survey of entrepreneurs (n = 63) gave responses along geographical and operator dimensions to reveal local differences within the Upper Norrland region, showing the coastland to be perceived as more exposed to change than inland areas. Venue-based businesses see climate change as a higher priority than activity-based, potentially mobile, businesses, regardless of their location. The general perception among businesses is that climate change will not drastically impact the tourism sector over the next 10 years. A basic model for mapping local differences is outlined to stimulate further study of the under-researched intra-regional nuances in climate change and tourism research. A case is made for regional planners to use this tool and to educate local businesses on adaptation techniques.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2011. Vol. 19, no 8, 919-933 p.
Keyword [en]
Climate change, vulnerability, winter, tourism, peripheral, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18777DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2011.573073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18777DiVA: diva2:617135
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2013-11-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tourism Development in Peripheral Areas: Processes of Local Innovation and Change in Northern Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism Development in Peripheral Areas: Processes of Local Innovation and Change in Northern Sweden
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Tourism has reached almost all regions of the world and has had a notable growth in the peripheral regions of Europe. Attempts at tourism development in rural and peripheral areas have resulted in widely varying outcomes and have often been undertaken as a last resort by communities. Despite mixed results, tourism persists as a tool for regional development. There has not been so much research on the evolving nature of tourism entrepreneurship in regions where tourism is relatively new as a commercial/entrepreneurial activity, e.g., the rural and peripheral north of Europe. This thesis presents Northern Sweden as a regional case study but it is reasonable to assume that the research results are transferable to similar regions with a similar range of nature-based tourism in small communities.

 

The results show that tourism stakeholders co-evolve over time even though formal networks are loose and project-based (Article 1). Tourism firm survival improves for entrepreneurs with previous related experience but there is not necessarily an outsider advantage and new tourism firms contribute to job creation despite high rates of attrition (Article II). Protected areas with unique attributes (e.g., Laponia) can attract distant entrepreneurs but must manage these stakeholders more proactively (Article III). Climate change is a long-term challenge with firms not needing to adapt yet but facing differing exposures dependent on location and firm mobility (Article IV). Finally, evolutionary economic geography helps to better understand the processes of change in tourism in rural and peripheral areas (Article V).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund, Sweden: Mid Sweden University, 2013. 260 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 147
Keyword
change, development, evolution, peripheral, Sweden, tourism.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18664 (URN)ETOUR (Local ID)978-91-87103-70-4 (ISBN)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Public defence
2013-05-28, F229, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-02 Last updated: 2013-05-21Bibliographically approved

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