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Creative Outposts: Tourism's Place in Rural Innovation
Umeå Universitet.
2012 (English)In: Tourism Planning & Development, ISSN 2156-8316, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 383-396Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to investigate the dynamics of local tourism innovation in order to see how tourism development benefits tourism stakeholders including the local community. The paper is concerned with the social impacts of tourism and contends that there is a latent positive social capital in rural communities. Some "creative outposts" manage not just to survive but to thrive, and tourism often acts as a catalyst for innovative local development. Examples of tourism innovation can be new and better interactions among tourism stakeholders as well as changes in institutional arrangements. Entrepreneurs and institutional stakeholders are interviewed to investigate the dynamics of local tourism innovation. The social dimension in which tourism stakeholders operate is poorly understood and this paper presents a case study of Jokkmokk village with results showing tourism has a subtle yet palpable positive social role in the community. Themes emerging from the interviews are: the tourist office and tourism firms co-evolve over time, tourism networks are loose and project-based, tourism is a desirable diversifier, and tourism contributes to the local leisure space. Particular focus is given to the fact that this is an Arctic rural community, and the research provides a basis for understanding tourism innovation systems in this context. Tourism development is found to be complementary to rural coping strategies in "creative outposts"

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2012. Vol. 9, no 4, p. 383-396
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18779DOI: 10.1080/21568316.2012.726254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18779DiVA, id: diva2:617133
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2013-04-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tourism Development in Peripheral Areas: Processes of Local Innovation and Change in Northern Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism Development in Peripheral Areas: Processes of Local Innovation and Change in Northern Sweden
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Tourism has reached almost all regions of the world and has had a notable growth in the peripheral regions of Europe. Attempts at tourism development in rural and peripheral areas have resulted in widely varying outcomes and have often been undertaken as a last resort by communities. Despite mixed results, tourism persists as a tool for regional development. There has not been so much research on the evolving nature of tourism entrepreneurship in regions where tourism is relatively new as a commercial/entrepreneurial activity, e.g., the rural and peripheral north of Europe. This thesis presents Northern Sweden as a regional case study but it is reasonable to assume that the research results are transferable to similar regions with a similar range of nature-based tourism in small communities.

 

The results show that tourism stakeholders co-evolve over time even though formal networks are loose and project-based (Article 1). Tourism firm survival improves for entrepreneurs with previous related experience but there is not necessarily an outsider advantage and new tourism firms contribute to job creation despite high rates of attrition (Article II). Protected areas with unique attributes (e.g., Laponia) can attract distant entrepreneurs but must manage these stakeholders more proactively (Article III). Climate change is a long-term challenge with firms not needing to adapt yet but facing differing exposures dependent on location and firm mobility (Article IV). Finally, evolutionary economic geography helps to better understand the processes of change in tourism in rural and peripheral areas (Article V).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund, Sweden: Mid Sweden University, 2013. p. 260
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 147
Keywords
change, development, evolution, peripheral, Sweden, tourism.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18664 (URN)ETOUR (Local ID)978-91-87103-70-4 (ISBN)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Public defence
2013-05-28, F229, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-02 Last updated: 2013-05-21Bibliographically approved

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Brouder, Patrick

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Citation style
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