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Who Owns the Floor? Examining Participation in a Collaborative Learning Scenario between Student Teachers and Active Professionals in Second Life.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
Department of Language Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Department of Language Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Virtual and Personal Learning Environments, ISSN 1947-8518, E-ISSN 1947-8526, Vol. 5, no 1, 34-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the effects of unequal power relations on participation in a group of student teachers and invited professionals in two collaborative workshops in Second Life. The data includes recordings, group reflections, and individual questionnaires. Participation was examined from the aspects of floor space, turn length, and utterance functions and complemented with student reflections. The results show that at a general level, the differences of floor space and turn length between the invited professionals and the students were small. Moreover, the invited professionals did more conversational management than the students, while the students performed more supportive speech acts. There were, however, individual variations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 5, no 1, 34-53 p.
Keyword [en]
Collaboration, Discourse functions, Floor space, Network, Participation, Second life, Turn length, Unequal power relations
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18736DOI: 10.4018/ijvple.2014010103Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928182963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18736DiVA: diva2:615914
Available from: 2013-04-12 Created: 2013-04-12 Last updated: 2017-05-31Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Learning English in a Multi-User Virtual Environment: Exploring Factors Affecting Participation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning English in a Multi-User Virtual Environment: Exploring Factors Affecting Participation
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Online language learning and teaching is a field that has received a significant amount of research attention. What factors could affect student participation in simpler online learning environments has been investigated by researchers, but there has been limited study of factors affecting participation in complex Multi-User Virtual Environments.

By using the typical Multi-User Virtual Environment Second Life, three English courses offered by Swedish universities were examined in this thesis. The courses were video-recorded, and selected parts of the recordings were transcribed. The transcribed recordings were complemented by author(s)’ observation, participants’ reflection, an online questionnaire and an online interview. Participation from the courses was measured both quantitatively and qualitatively. Quantitative methods were used to measure, for example, floor space, number of utterances, turn length, number of turns; the qualitative analysis centered on, for instance, utterance functions, discourse analysis, and Conversational Analysis.

The results were published in five papers that focused on different central factors affecting participation in Second Life. In this thesis, the findings from those articles are synthesized. Furthermore, on the basis of the findings, a general model of factors affecting participation is presented and discussed to highlight that different factors interrelate and that some factors are particularly important in terms of affecting participation in Multi-User Virtual Environments. These are students’ technical skills, task design, course design, technical support, and Second Life technology. The complex technology also places critical demands on teachers’ technical skills, teaching strategies, and roles that teachers should play. Finally, this thesis argues that it is important to choose a suitable technology for an English course.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2017. 87 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 266
Keyword
Activity theory, Conversational Analysis, Discourse analysis, Ecology of language learning, Model of factors affecting participation, Multi-User Virtual Environment, Participation, Second Life, The sociocultural perspective on learning, Technology adoption
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-30795 (URN)978-91-88527-21-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-09-12, N109, Mid Sweden University, Holmgatan 10, Sundsvall, 14:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-06-09 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2017-06-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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Output format
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