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Intimate partner violence in Europe: design and methods of a multinational study.: La violencia de pareja en Europa: diseño y métodos de un estudio multinacional
Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5221-9504
Department of Public Health, Protestant University of Applied Sciences Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Germany.
Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, Kingston University and St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom.
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2013 (English)In: Gaceta Sanitaria, ISSN 0213-9111, E-ISSN 1578-1283, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 558-561Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To describe the design, methods, procedures and characteristics of the population involved in a study designed to compare Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in eight European countries.

Methods Women and men aged 18–65, living in Ghent-Belgium (n = 245), Stuttgart-Germany (n = 546), Athens-Greece (n = 548), Budapest-Hungary (n = 604), Porto-Portugal (n = 635), Granada-Spain (n = 138), Östersund-Sweden (n = 592), London-United Kingdom (n = 571), were sampled and administered a common questionnaire. Chi-square goodness of fit and five-age strata population fractions ratios for sex and education were computed to evaluate samples' representativeness.

Results Differences in the age distributions were found among women from Sweden and Portugal and among men from Belgium, Hungary, Portugal and Sweden. Over-recruitment of more educated respondents was noted in all sites.

Conclusion The use of a common research protocol with the same structured questionnaire is likely to provide accurate estimates of the general population IPV frequency, despite limitations in probabilistic sampling and restrictions in methods of administration.

Abstract [es]

Objetivo

Describir el diseño, los métodos, los procedimientos y las características de la población participante en un estudio diseñado para comparar la violencia de la pareja íntima en ocho países.

Método

Formaron parte de la muestra mujeres y hombres (18–65 años de edad), residentes en Ghent-Bélgica (n = 245), Stuttgart-Alemania (n = 546), Atenas-Grecia (n = 548), Budapest-Hungría (n = 604), Porto-Portugal (n = 635), Granada-España (n = 138), Östersund-Suecia (n = 592) y Londres-Reino Unido (UK) (n = 571). Se les administró un cuestionario común. Se calcularon la prueba de ji al cuadrado de bondad de ajuste y razones de fracciones poblacionales de cinco estratos de edad, según sexo y nivel educativo, con la finalidad de evaluar su representatividad.

Resultados

Se encontraron diferencias en las distribuciones de edad en las mujeres de Suecia y Portugal, y en los hombres de Bélgica, Hungría, Portugal y Suecia. Ha habido un exceso de reclutamiento de encuestados con un nivel educativo más alto en todos los países.

Conclusiones

Un protocolo común de investigación con el mismo cuestionario estructurado puede proporcionar estimaciones precisas de la frecuencia de violencia de la pareja íntima en la población general, a pesar de las limitaciones existentes en la creación de muestras probabilísticas y en los métodos de administración.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 27, no 6, p. 558-561
Keyword [en]
Intimate partner violence, Methods, Multi-centre study, Men, Women, Europe
Keyword [es]
Violencia infligida por la pareja, Métodos, Estudio multicéntrico, Hombres, Mujeres, Europa
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18623DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.03.001ISI: 000327361900017PubMedID: 23643717Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84887616524OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18623DiVA, id: diva2:611407
Available from: 2013-03-15 Created: 2013-03-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Soares, Joaquim J. F.Karlsson, AndreasSundin, Örjan

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