miun.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Patterns of Gender Equality at Workplaces and Psychological Distress
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 1, Art. no. e53246- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research in the field of occupational health often uses a risk factor approach which has been criticized by feminist researchers for not considering the combination of many different variables that are at play simultaneously. To overcome this shortcoming this study aims to identify patterns of gender equality at workplaces and to investigate how these patterns are associated with psychological distress. Questionnaire data from the Northern Swedish Cohort (n = 715) have been analysed and supplemented with register data about the participants' workplaces. The register data were used to create gender equality indicators of women/men ratios of number of employees, educational level, salary and parental leave. Cluster analysis was used to identify patterns of gender equality at the workplaces. Differences in psychological distress between the clusters were analysed by chi-square test and logistic regression analyses, adjusting for individual socio-demographics and previous psychological distress. The cluster analysis resulted in six distinctive clusters with different patterns of gender equality at the workplaces that were associated to psychological distress for women but not for men. For women the highest odds of psychological distress was found on traditionally gender unequal workplaces. The lowest overall occurrence of psychological distress as well as same occurrence for women and men was found on the most gender equal workplaces. The results from this study support the convergence hypothesis as gender equality at the workplace does not only relate to better mental health for women, but also more similar occurrence of mental ill-health between women and men. This study highlights the importance of utilizing a multidimensional view of gender equality to understand its association to health outcomes. Health policies need to consider gender equality at the workplace level as a social determinant of health that is of importance for reducing differences in health outcomes for women and men. © 2013 Elwér et al.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 1, Art. no. e53246- p.
Keyword [en]
Sickness Absence; Living-conditions; Sex Segregation; Health; Work; Women; Education; Fathers; Leave; Risk
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18425DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053246ISI: 000313551500055Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84872253313OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18425DiVA: diva2:603250
Note

Correspondence Address: Harryson, L.; Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; email: lisa.harryson@fammed.umu.se

Available from: 2013-02-05 Created: 2013-02-04 Last updated: 2016-10-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Patterns of gender equality(438 kB)442 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 438 kBChecksum SHA-512
e5a220fad8f21fd9b9d2aec3a6514b45a11db619225c256b17563b331d0727a8a78a974e4df41801c3e6661f85bc649e3f78db27c077f992517a1a0cf73c6484
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bolin, Malin
By organisation
Department of Social Sciences
In the same journal
PLoS ONE
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyEnvironmental Health and Occupational Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 442 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 227 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf