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The economic impacts of tourism in Botswana, Namibia and South Africa: Is poverty subsiding?
School of Economics, University of Cape Town, South Africa .
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7206-6568
2013 (English)In: Natural resources forum (Print), ISSN 0165-0203, E-ISSN 1477-8947, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 80-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tourism in southern Africa is based on the region’s wildlife and nature assets and is generally environmentally sustainable, but the extent to which it contributes to other aspects of sustainable development – overall income generation, or poverty eradication – is less well explored. In this paper, we use social accounting matrices to compare economic impacts of foreign tourism in Botswana, Namibia and South Africa. Overall impacts on GDP range from 6% (South Africa) to 9% (Namibia). However, South Africa’s economy is more diversified than its neighbours’ and more of the goods and services used by tourists and by the tourism industry are supplied domestically. Consequently, the impact per Rand spent is considerably larger for South Africa than for Botswana or Namibia. The poorer segments of the population appear to receive shares of tourism income that are smaller than their share of overall income in all three countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 37, no 2, p. 80-89
Keywords [en]
tourism, multiplier effects, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, poverty reduction
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18324DOI: 10.1111/1477-8947.12007ISI: 000320395700003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84879134548OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18324DiVA, id: diva2:600025
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation AgencyFormasAvailable from: 2013-01-23 Created: 2013-01-23 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Stage, Jesper

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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