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Socioeconomic inequalities in homicide mortality: a population-based comparative study of 12 European countries
London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, European Ctr Hlth Soc Transit, London WC1, England .
Natl Inst Hlth Dev, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Tallinn, Estonia .
Univ Amsterdam, Acad Med Ctr, Dept Publ Hlth, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands .
Univ Zurich, Inst Social & Prevent Med, CH-8006 Zurich, Switzerland .
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2012 (English)In: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284, Vol. 27, no 11, 877-884 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent research has suggested that violent mortality may be socially patterned and a potentially important source of health inequalities within and between countries. Against this background the current study assessed socioeconomic inequalities in homicide mortality across Europe. To do this, longitudinal and cross-sectional data were obtained from mortality registers and population censuses in 12 European countries. Educational level was used to indicate socioeconomic position. Age-standardized mortality rates were calculated for post, upper and lower secondary or less educational groups. The magnitude of inequalities was assessed using the relative and slope index of inequality. The analysis focused on the 35-64 age group. Educational inequalities in homicide mortality were present in all countries. Absolute inequalities in homicide mortality were larger in the eastern part of Europe and in Finland, consistent with their higher overall homicide rates. They contributed 2.5 % at most (in Estonia) to the inequalities in total mortality. Relative inequalities were high in the northern and eastern part of Europe, but were low in Belgium, Switzerland and Slovenia. Patterns were less consistent among women. Socioeconomic inequalities in homicide are thus a universal phenomenon in Europe. Wide-ranging social and inter-sectoral health policies are now needed to address the risk of violent victimization that target both potential offenders and victims.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 27, no 11, 877-884 p.
Keyword [en]
Education; Europe; Homicide; Inequality
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18293DOI: 10.1007/s10654-012-9717-3ISI: 000311311500006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84871312712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18293DiVA: diva2:589067
Available from: 2013-01-16 Created: 2013-01-16 Last updated: 2013-08-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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