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A process towards societal value within a community-based regional development project
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7621-2649
2012 (English)In: Quality Innovation Prosperity, ISSN 1335-1745, Vol. 16, no 2, 71-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Processes, activities and tasks of a community-based area development project are described. The main process has been used three times and a model is presented.  An earlier developed process map has been verified. The description of the project can help other communities to plan development projects. The illustration can be valuable for entrepreneurs who are planning a societal value initiative and for decision-makers and stakeholders who can contribute to, are concerned with, or may be affected by societal entrepreneurship. Observation, participating studies, dokumentations and an interview with the project leader has been carried out. Data have been analyzed and compared with the previously developed process map to achieve a deeper understanding of the processes within societal entrepreneurship. The purpose was to study and describe the processes of a community-based area development project and to compare it with a previously developed process map and to verify the process map.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kosice, Slovakia: Public Knowledge Project , 2012. Vol. 16, no 2, 71-83 p.
Keyword [en]
Societal entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, societal value, process, process map.
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18208DOI: 10.12776/qip.v16i2.70Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84875876664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18208DiVA: diva2:584601
Projects
SESPA Samhällsentreprenörskap gränsöverskridande kraft för regional och lokal utveckling i glesa miljöer
Available from: 2013-01-09 Created: 2013-01-09 Last updated: 2016-10-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Value creation within societal entrepreneurship: a process perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Value creation within societal entrepreneurship: a process perspective
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Social entrepreneurship is given considerable attention within literature and

academic research despite that fact it is an area that needs considerable attention

and research. The main purpose for societal entrepreneurs is to create societal

value but there can be difficulties to understand value creation within the area.

Important components within Total Quality Management (TQM) are process

orientation and value creation. A TQM perspective with processes in focus

provides opportunities to clarify societal value creation within societal

entrepreneurship initiatives.

The main purpose of this thesis has been to explore how societal value is created

within the area of societal entrepreneurship and the underlying purpose has been

to contribute to the development of knowledge and understanding about the

societal entrepreneurship area. In order to fulfil the purpose one literature case

study and three empirical case studies have been conducted with processes in

focus. The literature case study was conducted first and it resulted in a theoretical

process map based on a process perspective, which showed how societal value was

created within a societal entrepreneurship initiative. After that the three empirical

case studies were conducted separately and the findings from the empirical case

studies were compared with the previously developed theoretical process map. A

cross case analysis was made to find out if the process map could be confirmed,

developed or rejected.

The result of the case studies contributes to earlier findings within research and

gives a common, comprehensive and simplified picture of a complex phenomenon

and an opportunity to understand how societal value is created. A general overall

process map is presented that gives a picture of how value is created within the

area of societal entrepreneurship. The result shows the management process and

support process fields. The map also shows a main process that is further

developed with input, output and sub processes. The studies point out that societal

value is created through processes and that societal value creation can be described

out of a process orientation perspective. Important components to create societal

value have been found to be: 'unidentified needs'; 'knowledge about the context';

'identified need'; 'an idea or a vision'; and some kind of 'organization' and

important activities to create value seem to be: 'being in the context'; 'analysis of

knowledge'; 'searching for solution'; 'organize and mobilize'; and 'realize'. Fields

where support processes are performed that are of importance in societal value

creation have been identified. Those fields are 'creation of financing opportunities';

'performance of political decisions and acts'; 'development and use of networks';

'establishment of initiative'; 'creation of media information'; 'development and use

of scientific results'; and 'development and use of competence'.

The map does have potential for development. Further studies need to be done

within the area concerning how societal value is created and to get an even more

comprehensive process map of the societal entrepreneurship area but the result

presented in this thesis is a start to understanding how societal value is created and

to develop knowledge and understanding of the societal entrepreneurship area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mid Sweden University, 2013. 73 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University licentiate thesis, ISSN 1652-8948 ; 104
Keyword
Societal entrepreneurship; social entrepreneurship; societal value; process; process map, Total Quality Management (TQM).
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-20184 (URN)978-91-87557-00-2 (ISBN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-11 Created: 2013-11-11 Last updated: 2014-02-03Bibliographically approved
2. Taking a system view on customer value creation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Taking a system view on customer value creation
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In Quality Management and Total Quality Management (TQM) customer focus and customer value creation is of importance and in organisations it is of high priority. Quality Management has had an internal focus when it comes to customer value creation but in the 21st century there is a need for an outward orientation and to go beyond the organisational borders. Also an increasing interest in social, societal and environmental issues can be seen, for instance by customers, organisations, quality awards and within the quality area. An area that considers these issues is the societal entrepreneurial sector.

 

The purpose of this thesis has been to contribute to the knowledge and understanding about customer value creation from a system view. Additionally the purpose has been to contribute to the development of Quality Management. In order to fulfil the purpose, case studies have been performed. Cases within the societal entrepreneurial area have been studied and seven studies have been performed. Data have been collected through interviews, direct observations, participating observations and documents. All data have been collected empirically except in one study where a literature case study was used. The data were analysed through tools such as process mapping, attribute value mapping and rich picture process maps combined with analytical methods for case study research. The research journey started out from TQM and an internal perspective on customer value creation. As the studies went on, the system borders became wider as other areas important to customer value creation were identified: the customer value creating system went from an internal perspective to include an external perspective. 

 

The findings contribute to earlier research findings and give a comprehensive and simplified picture of a complex phenomenon and an opportunity to understand customer value creation from a system view. This thesis provides an overall map of the customer value creating system. Additionally it contributes to the development of Quality Management by expanding the view on customer value creation to include both an internal and an external oriented perspective. It also contributes by suggesting a fifth step in the quality management movement ´System Quality Management´ that considers social, societal and environmental factors through continuous improvement before, during and after value creation for customers. Further it contributes with a developed view on customers and the concept of customer value creation.

 

The overall map provided includes three areas.

  1. Growth and development of societal entrepreneurial initiatives. The result shows important components for the creation of societal value based on the growth and development of societal entrepreneurial initiatives. Included are the processes, input and output important for societal value creation from unidentified needs until societal value can be delivered, management process and support process fields.

  2.  Customer value creation in the customer sphere.  Customer value has been found to be created beyond the use or purchase of a product or service. Value has also been found to be created for those that are not in direct contact with an initiative or its product or service. Customer value has been found to spread into society like ripples in a complex system of value creation. And Value Ripple Logic has been developed to describe this phenomenon.

  3. Management role in customer value creation. The management’s role in value creation has been found to be of importance in the creation of customer value in an indirect way through interaction with the surroundings and the initiative.  Factors and behaviours have been found which are connected to the leaders and their essential management processes along with their input and output.

     

The findings presented in this thesis have considerable potential for development. Further studies need to be done within the area concerning how customer value is created and to achieve an even more comprehensive picture of the customer value creating system and the suggested fifth step. The results presented in this thesis are a contribution to the knowledge and understanding about customer value creation from a system view and the development of the Quality Management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mid Sweden University, 2016. 118 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 247
Keyword
customer value; customer value creation; societal value; system view; Total Quality Management (TQM); Quality Management; Societal entrepreneurship; social entrepreneurship; Value Ripple Logic (VRL)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-27573 (URN)978-91-88025-68-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-06-02, Q221, Akademigatan 1, Östersund, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbeten opublicerade: delarbete 6 accepterat för publicering och delarbete 7 inskickat.

At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished: paper 6 accepted for publication and  paper 7 submitted.

Available from: 2016-05-02 Created: 2016-05-02 Last updated: 2016-05-02Bibliographically approved

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