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Gender differences in endurance performance by elite cross-country skiers are influenced by the contribution from poling
Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Human Movement Sci, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Human Movement Sci, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. (Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3814-6246
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 24, no 1, 28-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Greater gender differences have been found in exercise modes where the upper body is involved. Therefore, the present study investigated the influence of poling on gender differences in endurance performance by elite cross-country skiers. Initially, the performance of eight male and eight female sprint skiers was compared during four different types of exercise involving different degrees of poling: double poling (DP), G3 skating, and diagonal stride (DIA) techniques during treadmill roller skiing, and treadmill running (RUN). Thereafter, DP was examined for physiological and kinematic parameters. The relative gender differences associated with the DP, G3, DIA and RUN performances were approximately 20%, 17%, 14%, and 12%, respectively. Thus, the type of exercise exerted an overall effect on the relative gender differences (P < 0.05). In connection with DP, the men achieved 63%, 16%, and 8% higher VO2peak than the women in absolute terms and with normalization for total and fat-free body mass (all P < 0.05). The DP VO2peak in percentage of VO2max in RUN was higher in men (P < 0.05). The gender difference in DP peak cycle length was 23% (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the present investigation demonstrates that the gender difference in performance by elite sprint skiers is enhanced when the contribution from poling increases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. Vol. 24, no 1, 28-33 p.
Keyword [en]
cross-country skiing, double poling, men, peak oxygen uptake, roller skiing, women
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18153DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2012.01482.xISI: 000329915200007PubMedID: 22621157Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84892853188OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18153DiVA: diva2:583888
Available from: 2013-01-08 Created: 2013-01-08 Last updated: 2014-02-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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