miun.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Intimate partner violence against women in Maputo city, Mozambique
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm SE-17176, Sweden.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm SE-17176, Sweden.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5221-9504
Show others and affiliations
2012 (English)In: BMC International Health and Human Rights, ISSN 1472-698X, E-ISSN 1472-698X, Vol. 12, no 1, Art. no. 35- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

There is limited research about IPV against women and associated factors in Sub-Saharan Africa, not least Mozambique. The objective of this study was to examine the occurrence, severity, chronicity and "predictors" of IPV against women in Maputo City (Mozambique).

Methods

Data were collected during a 12 month-period (consecutive cases, with each woman seen only once) from 1,442 women aged 15--49 years old seeking help for abuse by an intimate partner at the Forensic Services at the Maputo Central Hospital, Maputo City, Mozambique. Interviews were conducted by trained female interviewers, and data collected included demographics and lifestyle variables, violence (using the previously validated Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2), and control (using the Controlling Behaviour Scale Revised (CBS-R). The data were analysed using bivariate and multivariate methods.

Results

The overall experienced IPV during the past 12 months across severity (one or more types, minor and severe) was 70.2% (chronicity, 85.8 +/- 120.9).a Severe IPV varied between 26.3-45.9% and chronicity between 3.1 +/- 9.1-12.8 +/- 26.9, depending on IPV type. Severity and chronicity figures were higher in psychological aggression than in the other IPV types. Further, 26.8% (chronicity, 55.3 +/- 117.6) of women experienced all IPV types across severity. The experience of other composite IPV types across severity (4 combinations of 3 types of IPV) varied between 27.1-42.6% and chronicity between 35.7 +/- 80.3-64.9 +/- 110.9, depending on the type of combination. The combination psychological aggression, physical assault and sexual coercion had the highest figures compared with the other combinations.. The multiple regressions showed that controlling behaviours, own perpetration and co-occurring victimization were more important in "explaining" the experience of IPV than other variables (e.g. abuse as a child).

Conclusions

In our study, controlling behaviours over/by partner, own perpetration, co-occurring victimization and childhood abuse were more important factors in "explaining" sustained IPV. More investigation into women's IPV exposure and its "predictors" is warranted in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly Mozambique.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 12, no 1, Art. no. 35- p.
Keyword [en]
Abuse as a child; Controlling behaviours; Intimate partner violence; Perpetration; Victims
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-17766DOI: 10.1186/1472-698X-12-35ISI: 000315403900001PubMedID: 23241146Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84870952433OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-17766DiVA: diva2:577662
Available from: 2013-03-21 Created: 2012-12-15 Last updated: 2016-10-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Intimate partner violence against women in Maputo City(318 kB)106 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 318 kBChecksum SHA-512
deb668d7ac3aadcbc9d1bec4332ef0167ae5154bd5c7dec692975c96c4a847f417aff5567def0a6c9ff4dd9dc8c3b3f9ce0ec87a6211dad101e4cc17acd4a209
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Macassa, GloriaSoares, Joaquim J. F.
By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
In the same journal
BMC International Health and Human Rights
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 106 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 104 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf