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Exercise-induced changes in body fat, upper leg skeletal muscle area, BMI and body weight in overweight people with risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes
NTNU.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6558-3129
Levanger Sykehus, Helse Nord-Tröndelag.
Högskolen i Nord-Tröndelag.
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2011 (English)In: Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis, ISSN 1406-9822, E-ISSN 2228-3501, Vol. 17, p. 66-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study compared effects of maximal resistance training (MRT) versus endurance resistance training (ERT) in overweight people at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Dependent variables included changes in body fat %, upper leg skeletal muscle area (left + right), BMI and body weight pre-to post intervention. Eighteen individuals, 33-69 years of age, were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 engaged in MRT three days/week over a four month period while members of Group 2 acted as controls. Later, Group 2 engaged in ERT three days/week over a four month period and the members acted as their own controls. Both interventions consisted of eight exercises. Pre- to post changes were significant for MRT with a reduction in BMI (p=0.013) and body weight (p=0.010), while percentage of body fat was significantly reduced (p=0.009) and skeletal muscle area increased (p=0.021) with ERT. The results support both approaches as interventions in primary prevention of obesity and consequently in reducing risk of Type 2 Diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 17, p. 66-79
Keywords [en]
body fat, upper leg skeletal muscle area, BMI, body weight in overweight people, IGT
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-17633OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-17633DiVA, id: diva2:575570
Available from: 2012-12-10 Created: 2012-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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http://ojs.utlib.ee/index.php/AKUT/article/view/596

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Hansen, ElisabethLandstad, Bodil Johanne

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