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Differences in reporting somatic complaints in elderly by education level
Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Hlth Management, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania .
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5221-9504
Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Pharmaceut Technol & Social Pharm, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania .
Italian Natl Inst Hlth & Sci Aging INRCA, Socio Econ Res Ctr, Sci Technol Area, I-60124 Ancona, Italy .
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2013 (English)In: Central European Journal of Medicine, ISSN 1895-1058, E-ISSN 1644-3640, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 125-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To evaluate the association between somatic complaints and education level among elders in selected European countries. Methods: Cross-sectional study among randomly selected community dwelling persons aged 60–84 years from seven cities in Europe: Ancona (Italy), Athens (Greece), Granada (Spain), Kaunas (Lithuania), Stuttgart (Germany), Porto (Portugal) and Stockholm (Sweden). Somatic complaints were measured with the 24-item version of the Giessen Complaint List (GBB-24). A regression analysis was done to investigate the association between education and somatic complaints. Results. The mean GBB-24 scale was 16.3±14.9. The most common complaints were pain in joints and limbs (29.6%), back-pain (24.1%), heaviness or tiredness in the legs (19.1%) and general tiredness (15.7%). Respondents with less than primary education reported higher levels of somatic symptoms compared to those with university degree. A regression analysis showed that higher education (OR=0.69) and being male (OR=0.48) were associated with a decreased risk for high levels of somatic complaints, and the opposite for older age (OR=1.03) and being single/divorced/window (OR=1.28). Conclusions: The results indicate that less educated elders are more likely to expressed somatic complaints.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 1, p. 125-131
Keywords [en]
Somatic complaints; Education; GBB-24; Elderly; Europe; ABUEL
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-17304DOI: 10.2478/s11536-012-0093-xISI: 000312317600021Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84871316811OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-17304DiVA, id: diva2:564537
Available from: 2013-01-02 Created: 2012-11-01 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Soares, Joaquim

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